Category Archives: Social conventions

“The Indian constitution had to empower the state to enter into the realm of Indian society and transform it by eradicating deeply embedded economic, political and social hierarchies.” –  Arun Thiruvengadam in “Constitution Day talk” (Centre for Law and Policy Research, 2 December 2015)
https://clpr.org.in/blog/the-foreign-and-the-indigenous-in-the-indian-constitution-constitution-day-talk-by-arun-thiruvengadam/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34135

“Casteism is the investment in keeping the hierarchy as it is in order to maintain your own ranking, advantage, privilege, or to elevate yourself above others or keep others beneath you …. For this reason, many people—including those we might see as good and kind people—could be casteist, meaning invested in keeping the hierarchy as it is or content to do nothing to change it, but not racist in the classical sense, not active and openly hateful of this or that group.” – Isabel Wilkerson’s book Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents reviewed by Dilip Mandal in The Print, 23 August 2020)
https://theprint.in/opinion/oprah-winfrey-wilkerson-caste-100-us-ceos-indians-wont-talk-about-it/487143/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24460

“At a time when hate is being manufactured, it’s important to tell these stories of love and how widespread it is and that it’s not just a flash in the pan. […] According to the India Human Development Survey, only about 5% of marriages are inter-caste. Interfaith unions are even rarer – one study put them at just over 2.2%. And those choosing to marry outside of these boundaries often face violence [as] interfaith marriages – especially those involving Hindu women and Muslim men – are being ascribed a much more sinister motive.” – Geeta Pandey in “India Love Project: The Instagram account telling tales of ‘forbidden’ love” (BBC News, 10 November 2020)
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-54869565
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22373

“Yet despite the common belief that education will improve attitudes to female children, the data shows that India’s least educated social groups are those with better sex ratios. [M]ost tribal communities either do not know of pre-natal sex determination, or do not have access to it.” – S. Rukmini in “Higher sex ratio among tribal, SC groups: [2011] census” (The Hindu, 31 October 2013)
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/higher-sex-ratio-among-tribal-sc-groups-census/article5300478.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22068

“With modernity and development creeping in and growing contact with the outside world, things are changing in rural and tribal India. Traditions and folklore are being modified and girls in villages are no longer interested in getting a tattoo. Nowhere is that more evident than among the girls of the Baiga tribe in central India.” – Keya Pandey, a social anthropologist at Lucknow University in “‘Don’t brand me’: The Indian women saying no to forced tattoos” (BBC News Delhi, 4 October 2017)
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-41466751
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=25251

“In recent years, the results of any new research on early India have invited keen political interest, because proponents of Hindu nationalism support the notion of Vedic culture––including the Sanskrit language, a pastoral economy dependent on cattle, and the origins of a caste hierarchy––as fundamental to the origins of Indian civilisation.” – Sowmiya Ashok in “The Dig” (Fiftytwo.in, 2 April 2021)
https://fiftytwo.in/story/the-dig/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=18808

“There are myths indicating that Asuras were made slaves by Aryans. These slave races are still struggling for annihilation of caste system. They live in abject poverty. Their latest names are ‘Scheduled Castes’, ‘Scheduled Tribes, and ‘Other Backward Castes’. They are yet to know about ‘human rights’. The fact is that aboriginals were enslaved and subjected to inhuman treatment through centuries. Most of them still live in villages and they are coerced to live in wretched and inhuman conditions.” – Posted by Bhushan (MEGHnet, 1 January 2011)
https://meghnet.blogspot.com/2011/01/kolikori-of-india-we-call-them.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2918

“As occupations developed and occupational skills came to be handed down in hereditary fashion, the classes showed a tendency to harden into groups, and this, in course of time, became one of the factors in the formation of the ‘caste’ system. True it is that one hymn in the last book of the Rg Veda refers to the creation of the four orders of society from the body of the Cosmic Man, but by many scholars this hymn is considered apocryphal. [It] tells us that the Brahmana came from the mouth of the Cosmic Man, the Ksatriya was created from his arms, the Vaisya from his thighs, and the Sudra from his feet.” – B.G. Gokhale in Ancient India (Bombay, 1959 ed.), p. 118
http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/602186629
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2918

eBook | Research on tribal communities, their customs, languages and rights facilitated by Indian universities: PhD theses published on Shodhganga (public access)

To focus on PhD theses, make sure you include “shodhganga” in your search About Shodhganga The Shodhganga@INFLIBNET Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Assimilation, Biodiversity, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Dress and ornaments, eBook eJournal PDF, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Ethnobotany, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Hyderabad biodiversity pledge, Languages and linguistic heritage, Modernity, Nature and wildlife, Networking, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Press snippets, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Tips, Topics and issues, Tribal identity, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on eBook | Research on tribal communities, their customs, languages and rights facilitated by Indian universities: PhD theses published on Shodhganga (public access)

Santali and related tribal languages of the Chotanagpur region: Mundari, Ho and Birjiya – Jharkhand

Birjiya [Birjia] is the language spoken by Asur tribe/ethnic group, just as Kurukh is spoken by Oraon group, Santali by Santal group, Mundari by Munda group, Ho by Ho group and Kharia by Kharia group.  These are broadly identified by … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Assimilation, Chotanagpur, Colonial policies, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Names and communities, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Social conventions | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Santali and related tribal languages of the Chotanagpur region: Mundari, Ho and Birjiya – Jharkhand

Tribal communities recognized by the government: Census figures & changes in the lists of Scheduled Tribes (ST)

Scheduled Tribes in India: As revealed in Census 2011 This report highlights the data and demographics of scheduled tribes (ST) in 30 states and union territories of India, as documented in Census 2011. The report makes comparisons from 1961 by … Continue reading

Posted in Assimilation, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, eBook eJournal PDF, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Organizations, Quotes, Resources, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Social conventions, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Tribal communities recognized by the government: Census figures & changes in the lists of Scheduled Tribes (ST)

Dronacharya Award: “A shameful chapter in India’s history” – Jharkhand

Jharkhand Human Rights Movement C/o-Mr. Suleman Odeya, Near Don Bosci ITC Gate, Khorha Toli, Kokar, Ranchi -834001. 0651-3242752 Email: jhrmindia@gmail.com Ref: JHRM/PI/2013/04 Date: 29/08/2013 To,Sri Pranab Mukherjee,President of India,Rashtrapati Bhavan,New Delhi – 110004India. Sub: Requesting for suspension of prestigious “Dronacharya … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Figures, census and other statistics, Games and leisure time, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Social conventions, Video resources - external | Comments Off on Dronacharya Award: “A shameful chapter in India’s history” – Jharkhand

Tagore’s Santiniketan, “an Abode of Learning Unlike Any in the World” – West Bengal

Sanchari Pal, The Better India, August 31, 2016 | To read the full story and view more photos in high resolution, click here >> Located about 158 km northwest of Kolkata in Bengal’s rural hinterland, Santiniketan embodies Rabindranath Tagore’s vision of … Continue reading

Posted in Childhood and children, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Globalization, History, Modernity, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Performing arts, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Social conventions, Success story, Tagore and rural culture, Tribal identity | Tagged | Comments Off on Tagore’s Santiniketan, “an Abode of Learning Unlike Any in the World” – West Bengal