Category Archives: Colonial policies

In 1871, the British passed the “Criminal Tribes Act.” It notified about 150 tribes around India as criminal, giving the police wide powers to arrest them and monitor their movements. The effect of this law was simple: just being born into one of those 150 tribes made you a criminal. – Dilip D’Souza (Bombay based freelance journalist)
Source: Vicious cycle in Folio “Adivasi”: Special issue with the Sunday Magazine of The Hindu (JULY 16, 2000)

Colonialiality is a dynamic we need to be alert for as much in the present even within so-called independent, decolonized countries. – Priyamvada Gopal on the rights of indigenous peoples including Adivasis (CBC radio, 10 October 2019)
https://www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/if-you-support-human-rights-you-re-obliged-to-be-an-anti-colonialist-argues-scholar-1.5315358

[O]wing to old colonial practices of ‘plantation’, the indigenous Mannan people lost their land and were rendered dependents on the activities pertaining to cultivation of cardamom. The ‘development’ of their land as cardamom plantation continued even after Independence; the colonial model of plantation development was in totality adopted by the nation-state, and it marked a cultural onslaught on the tribal people. The development model alienated tribals from their land, their culture and diluted their worldview. – Anu Krishnan, “Plantation Development and Tribes: Experiences of Expropriation of Land, History and Identity-A Case of Mannans” (National Conference Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative, New Delhi, 27-28 February 2017)
https://www.indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23073

In search of a development that preserves the best parts of Adivasi culture and collectivity: Imagining an alternative “Discovery Of India”

Call us adivasis, please Gail Omvedt, The Hindu [Folio], ADIVASI, Special issue with the Sunday Magazine, July 16, 2000 | Read the full issues and other articles here >> If Adivasis were to start writing their own Discovery Of India, … Continue reading

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Video | Tribal culture and natural resources: The Chota Nagpur plateau of eastern India – Jharkhand

Chota Nagpur plateau is in eastern India, in Jharkhand state. The plateau is composed of Precambrian rocks (more than 540,000,000 years old). Chota Nagpur is the collective name for the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Kodarma plateaus, which have an area of … Continue reading

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Promoting culture in collaboration with other communities: Aimol Custom and Culture Development Organization (ACACDO) – Manipur

Manipur tribe turns to music to preserve culture | Read the full report here >> IMPHAL: Aimol, a Scheduled Tribe community in Manipur with a small population, is on the warpath to preserve and promote its culture, tradition, costume and … Continue reading

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India’s UN 2007 vote on Indigenous Rights Declaration

Vote on Indigenous Rights Declaration[…] the Assembly adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples […] AJAI MALHOTRA (India) said his country had consistently favoured the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples’ rights. […] Regarding references to … Continue reading

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Tribal Politics – adivasi culture, language, and religion in Encyclopedia of India

Tribal Politics The “tribal” peoples or adivasis of India, according to the 2001 census, constitute roughly 8.1 percent of the country’s population, some 83,6 million people, classified under 461 different communities. They occupy a belt stretching from the Bhil regions … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Assimilation, Colonial policies, De- and re-tribalisation, Ecology and environment, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Organizations, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rural poverty, Sacred grove, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Tribal Politics – adivasi culture, language, and religion in Encyclopedia of India