Category Archives: Colonial policies

“Coloniality is a dynamic we need to be alert for as much in the present even within so-called independent, decolonized countries.”– Priyamvada Gopal on the rights of indigenous peoples including Adivasis (“Ideas” on CBC radio, 10 October 2019)
https://www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/if-you-support-human-rights-you-re-obliged-to-be-an-anti-colonialist-argues-scholar-1.5315358
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24574

“In 1871, the British passed the ‘Criminal Tribes Act.’ It notified about 150 tribes around India as criminal, giving the police wide powers to arrest them and monitor their movements. The effect of this law was simple: just being born into one of those 150 tribes made you a criminal.” – Dilip D’Souza (Bombay based freelance journalist) in “Vicious cycle” in Folio “Adivasi” (Special issue with the Sunday Magazine of The Hindu, 16 July 2000)
Read or download the full issue here:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/10OzfyoSUfEkZSNIsBRFpOmWba3jAVmK5/view
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11460

“The Government of India Act [1935] introduced a new framework for the governance of ‘Scheduled Areas,’ i.e. those regions inhabited predominantly by ‘tribal’ peoples” – Daniel Rycroft in Abstract: ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHIVES AND ‘CHIASMIC’ TIME IN MODERN INDIA
https://anthropologyireland.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/IJA_19_2_2016.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=31269

“The colonial category of “criminal tribes” may have been “denotified” but many communities remain unclassified. History has a way of leaving unfortunate legacies. “If the Local Government has reason to believe that any tribe, gang or class of persons is addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences, it may report the case to the Governor General in Council, and may request his permission to declare such tribe, gang or class to be a criminal tribe.” Hence, a register for Criminal Tribes, not to forget eunuchs.” – The “Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) of 1871” quoted by Bibek Debroy in “An unfortunate legacy” (Indian Express, 5 January 2017)
https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/crime-criminal-act-racial-discrimination-non-bailable-offence-criminal-tribes-act-an-unfortunate-legacy-4459258/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12284

“[O]wing to old colonial practices of ‘plantation’, the indigenous Mannan people lost their land and were rendered dependents on the activities pertaining to cultivation of cardamom. The ‘development’ of their land as cardamom plantation continued even after Independence; the colonial model of plantation development was in totality adopted by the nation-state, and it marked a cultural onslaught on the tribal people. The development model alienated tribals from their land, their culture and diluted their worldview.” – Anu Krishnan in “Plantation Development and Tribes: Experiences of Expropriation of Land, History and Identity-A Case of Mannans” (National Conference Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative, New Delhi, 27-28 February 2017)
https://www.indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23073

Elephants – a way of life for the Korubas of South India – Karnataka

ASHOKA, ELEPHANT BOY, Age 17Excerpts from Mother India’s Children by Edward Rice Sometimes India reminds me of the ocean. It looks like one great undifferentiated mass of people, like so many identical waves. To the tourists who jump from Calcutta … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Childhood and children, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Customs, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Elephant, Figures, census and other statistics, Health and nutrition, History, Literature and bibliographies, Maps, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Press snippets, Quotes, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Storytelling, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Elephants – a way of life for the Korubas of South India – Karnataka

India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Jharkhand

Posted in Adivasi, Anthropology, Colonial policies, Cultural heritage, Eastern region, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Maps, Multi-lingual education, Organizations, Tips, Uncategorized | Comments Off on India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Jharkhand

Video | “Kanavu: A School with A Difference” (Wayanad) for and by tribal communities in tune with their environment – Kerala

Once they were the owners of these lands, All these vast expanses of forests, mountains and valleys belonged to them, and they lived of the fruits of nature without disturbing its harmony. Their rhythm of life was in tandem with … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Anthropology, Childhood and children, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Customs, Ecology and environment, Education and literacy, Film, Modernity, Music and dance, Nature and wildlife, Seasons and festivals, Success story, Tribal identity, Video resources - external, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Video | “Kanavu: A School with A Difference” (Wayanad) for and by tribal communities in tune with their environment – Kerala

Education as a means of Entrepreneurial Exploration: A Multiple Case Study Approach among the Tribes of Odisha– “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference) – New Delhi

Abstract 6: Education as a means of Entrepreneurial Exploration: A Multiple Case Study Approach among the Tribes of Odisha Paper presented for “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference) – New Delhi BIDYUT SUMAN EKKA Tata Institute … Continue reading

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Resources for the classroom: Learning from and about India’s tribal communities, their culture and knowledge systems

Formats and online tools Audio resources – external Books on tribal culture and related resources eBook download sites Take a guided tour of this website PDF printfriendly Photos and slideshows Safe Search website: Free online tools for use by teachers and pupils … Continue reading

Posted in Audio resources - external, Bastar, Central region, Colonial policies, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Eastern region, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, ePub, Ethnobotany, Fashion and design, Film, Gadchiroli, Games and leisure time, Health and nutrition, History, Homes and utensils, Languages and linguistic heritage, Maps, Misconceptions, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Names and communities, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Northern region, PDF printfriendly, Performing arts, Photos and slideshows, Puppetry, Resources, Sacred grove, Seasons and festivals, Seven Sister States, Southern region, Storytelling, Success story, Tips, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity, Video contents, Video resources - external, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Western region, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Resources for the classroom: Learning from and about India’s tribal communities, their culture and knowledge systems