Category Archives: Gandhian social movement

“Our idea of development is based on a very old idea taken up by many great minds such as Mahatma Gandhi and [the poet] Rabindranath Tagore. […] It is about development from within. Development through the strength of the community’s own.” – Santal educationist Boro Baski quoted in “The Indian school where Indigenous children are ‘never outsiders” by Rosemary Marandi (Al Jazeera Education, 10 February 2020)
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/indian-school-indigenous-children-outsiders-200128131128144.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34790

“The world has enough for everyone’s need but not for anyone’s greed.” – Mahatma Gandhi quoted in the Acceptance speech by Medha Patkar and Baba Amte (Narmada Bachao Andolan), Laureates of the 1991 Right Livelihood Award (“a courage-powered community for social change committed to peace, justice and sustainability for all)
https://rightlivelihood.org/speech/acceptance-speech-medha-patkar-and-baba-amte-narmada-bachao-andolan/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“[Gandhi’s] political actions against the British colonial state were meant to pose a spiritual alternative to materialist exploitation [whereby] each person had to find the Truth in his or her own traditions.” – Peter van der Veer (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity) in “Spirituality in Modern Society”
https://www.academia.edu/33935500
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16037

“The tribal culture at its best provides a living example of the Gandhian concept of trusteeship […] In cross-cultural settings, individual and group relations among tribals are valued on trust rather than on dominance.” – Lachman Khubchandani in Indigenous Peoples: Responding to Human Ecology (Bhasha Centre and CIIL, 2009), pp. 14-15
http://bhashaebooks.org
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=7015

“Freedom from British rule meant nothing [to Gandhi] if it did not liberate Indians from hunger and give them an improved life. A leader had to identify completely with the poor, not through the easy means of a sermon but by sacrificing comfort and forsaking the temptations of money. This was the minimum, non-negotiable condition.” – MJ Akbar in “The Rediscovery of Nehru
How Nehruvians revised their idol” (OpenTheMagazine.com, 13 August 2021)
https://openthemagazine.com/cover-stories/the-rediscovery-of-nehru/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=30463

“Charity destroys, work builds.” – Social and environmental activist Baba Amte (who “exemplified the humanitarian politics of Gandhiji”), quoted by Medha Padkar in “The inspiring gardener” (DownToEarth, 15 March 2008)
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/coverage/baba-amte-the-inspiring-gardener-4264
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21404

“[O]ther countries had factories, mines and airlines. India had millions—especially, but not only, female millions—who were experts in handicrafts that went far beyond Gandhi’s spinning wheel.” – Feminist writer Gloria Steinem reviewing “A Passionate Life: Writings by and on Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay” by Ellen Carol Dubois and Vinay Lal in Openmagazine (7 April 2017)
https://www.openthemagazine.com/article/books/kamaladevi-chattopadhyay-the-last-teacher
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20948

“Air is free to all but if it is polluted it harms our health… Next comes water… From now on we must take up the effort to secure water. Councillors are servants of the people and we have a right to question them.” – Mohandas K. Gandhi, Ahmedabad address on 1 January 1918; quoted by his grandson, Gopalkrishna Gandhi, in “On another New Year’s Day: Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘khorak’ a 100 years ago” (The Hindu, 1 January 2018)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/on-another-new-years-day/article22339609.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24087

“Freedom of opinion and freedom of association are the two lungs that are absolutely necessary for a man to breathe the oxygen of liberty.” – Gandhi on 28 December 1921, quoted by SN Sahu (press secretary to President KR Narayanan) in “Why Gandhi’s use of oxygen as a metaphor during the freedom struggle has resonance for India today” (Scroll, 11 July 2021)
https://scroll.in/article/997802/why-gandhis-use-of-oxygen-as-a-metaphor-during-the-freedom-struggle-has-resonance-for-india-today
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4395

“If we ignore the message of Gandhi’s Hind Swaraj, on the basis of what we gained our freedom, and on the basis of which we enjoy respect in the world, we will not just jeopardise that freedom and respect, we will be jeopardising the very future of our civilisation. Gandhi had warned us that the resource-hungry, consumerist model rests on war and creates ecological disasters. It is this dual threat of conflicts between people and violence against nature that can destroy civilisation. For centuries tribals have lived peacefully with nature. In this period of ecological catastrophes like climate change, the tribal way of life shows the alternatives we need to promote peace, sustainability and justice.” – Declaration on Adivasi Swaraj by Navdanya (co-founded by physicist Vandana Shiva who also founded the Research Foundation for Science, Technology, and Natural Resource Policy (RFSTN), an organization devoted to developing sustainable methods of agriculture)
https://navdanya.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79:declaration-on-adivasi-swaraj&catid=12:earth-democracy
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=6068

“Gandhi believed that giving more importance, value and relevance to practical skills, and applying traditional knowledge to solving day-to-day problems were essential for the development of rural India.” – Bunker Roy (founder of Barefoot College, which helps rural communities becomes self-sufficient)
https://www.barefootcollege.org
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12993

“Although [Thakkar Bapa] was a follower of Gandhi, there is little that is Gandhian about the ashramshala pedagogy. The most recent government committee on tribal affairs, headed by Virginius Xaxa, refers to an ‘ashramisation’ of tribal education. Many ashram schools covertly became Hindu nationalist, yet followed patterns set by Christian mission schools, with uniforms, strict (often brutal) discipline, a deeply hierarchical structure, alien ‘knowledge’ learnt by rote, short haircuts, and Adivasi names replaced with Hindu ones. A 1941 lecture by Thakkar in Pune highlighted negative stereotypes about tribal ‘laziness’, ‘promiscuity’, ‘illiteracy’, and ‘addiction to shifting cultivation’. The cultural racism in such stereotypes forms the backdrop to the continuing discrimination and humiliation of Adivasis.” – Felix Padel & Malvika Gupta in “Are mega residential schools wiping out India’s Adivasi culture?” (The Hindu, 13 February 2021)
https://www.thehindu.com/society/children-from-tribal-communities-are-being-corralled-into-mass-schools-that-are-wiping-out-cultures/article33818793.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21733

“I wonder how [Gandhi] would have struggled to even comprehend the ‘hardheartedness’ of the educated in India today. Let there be no mistake: what really ails Indian education is the fact that at its center is the ‘undeveloped heart’.” – Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) in “The Undeveloped Heart: Gandhi on Education” (15 October 2019)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2019/10/15/the-undeveloped-heart-gandhi-on-education/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29790

“The slogan today is no longer merely ‘Asia for the Asians’ or ‘Africa for the Africans’ but the unity of all the oppressed races of the earth.” – Mahatma Gandhi addressing two stalwarts of the struggle struggle in South Africa against apartheid), quoted by Vinay Lal in “The Solidarity of Oppressed Peoples: A Tribute to E S Reddy, Anti-Apartheid Activist” (23 November 2020)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2020/11/23/the-solidarity-of-oppressed-peoples-a-tribute-to-e-s-reddy-anti-apartheid-activist/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23349

“[Gandhi’s] singular achievement was formulating what he calls his ‘religion of ahimsa’ [non-violence].” – Jyotirmaya Sharma, author of Elusive Non-Violence: The Making And Unmaking Of Gandhi’s Religion Of Ahimsa, in an interview titled “Gandhi has become all things to all people” by Somak Ghoshal (Livemint.com, 1 October 2021)
https://lifestyle.livemint.com/news/talking-point/gandhi-has-become-all-things-to-all-people-111633080526074.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=5457

“The attacks on Gandhi are coming fast and furious from every corner.  His assassin, Nathuram Godse, is being hailed by some Indians as a martyr, a true shaheed.  Reportedly, Godse is trending at #1 on Twitter in India. Gandhi’s statues are vandalized and in social media he is accused of the worst atrocities that can be imagined.”– Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) in “Gandhi, Secularism, and Cultural Democracy” (2 October 2020)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2020/10/02/gandhi-secularism-and-cultural-democracy/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=42475

The main criteria adopted for identification of ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups’ (PVTG) – Government of India

The Dhebar commission (1960) and the Shilu Ao (1969) team recommended the Government of India that primitive tribal communities should be taken as a special category for which special programmes would have to be initiated as quickly as possible for … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Colonial policies, Democracy, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Resources, Rural poverty | Comments Off on The main criteria adopted for identification of ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups’ (PVTG) – Government of India

How to fight malnutrition and increase diversity of choice for lower-income households? Improve traditional supply chains! – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Addressing malnutrition requires a multisectoral approach that includes complementary interventions in food systems, public health and education. This approach also facilitates the pursuit of multiple objectives, including better nutrition, gender equality and environmental sustainability. […] Both traditional and modern supply … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Childhood and children, Cultural heritage, Customs, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Misconceptions, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Networking, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Rural poverty, Success story, Tribal identity, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Women | Tagged | Comments Off on How to fight malnutrition and increase diversity of choice for lower-income households? Improve traditional supply chains! – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Sacred groves foster a sense of togetherness and harmony: Protecting nature in and beyond India’s tribal communities – Kerala & Karnataka

CULTURAL TRADITIONS OF NATURE CONSERVATION IN INDIABy Dr S.M. Nair Living in harmony with Nature has been an integral part of Indian culture. This has been abundantly reflected in a variety of traditional practices, religious beliefs, rituals, folklore, arts and … Continue reading

Posted in Biodiversity, Commentary, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Customs, Democracy, eBook eJournal ePaper, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ethnobotany & ethnomedicine, Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Government of India, History, Libraries, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Modernity, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Quotes, Resources, Revival of traditions, Sacred grove, Tips, Trees, Tribal identity, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Sacred groves foster a sense of togetherness and harmony: Protecting nature in and beyond India’s tribal communities – Kerala & Karnataka

A constitution which guarantees: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen” – The Sovereign Republic of India

Did the Constitution of India borrow ideas and many of its stand out features from the constitutions of other countries? Yes, after intense scrutiny, it turns out that our founding fathers liberally chose what features to embed into our Constitution … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Commentary, Constitution and Supreme Court, Customs, Democracy, Economy and development, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Nature and wildlife, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Success story, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on A constitution which guarantees: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen” – The Sovereign Republic of India

More than a question of terminology: ‘Adivasi’, ‘Indigenous Peoples of India’, ‘Vanvasi’, ‘Vanyajati’, and the administration of constitutional privileges for ‘Scheduled Tribes’ (ST)

A Contentious Term to denote Tribes as Indigenous Peoples of India | Full article >> In India the term ‘Adivasi’ has gained immense popularity in the last few decades to identify the tribes. This term is more commonly brought to use by … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Assimilation, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, De- and re-tribalisation, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on More than a question of terminology: ‘Adivasi’, ‘Indigenous Peoples of India’, ‘Vanvasi’, ‘Vanyajati’, and the administration of constitutional privileges for ‘Scheduled Tribes’ (ST)