Category Archives: Gandhian social movement

“Our idea of development is based on a very old idea taken up by many great minds such as Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore […] about development from within. Development through the strength of the community’s own.” – Santal educationist Boro Baski quoted in “The Indian school where Indigenous children are ‘never outsiders” by Rosemary Marandi (Al Jazeera Education, 10 February 2020)
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/indian-school-indigenous-children-outsiders-200128131128144.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34790

“The tribal culture at its best provides a living example of the Gandhian concept of trusteeship […] In cross-cultural settings, individual and group relations among tribals are valued on trust rather than on dominance.” – Lachman Khubchandani in Indigenous Peoples: Responding to Human Ecology (Bhasha Centre and CIIL, 2009), pp. 14-15
http://bhashaebooks.org
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=7015

“The slogan today is no longer merely ‘Asia for the Asians’ or ‘Africa for the Africans’ but the unity of all the oppressed races of the earth.” – Mahatma Gandhi addressing two stalwarts of the struggle struggle in South Africa against apartheid), quoted by Vinay Lal in “The Solidarity of Oppressed Peoples: A Tribute to E S Reddy, Anti-Apartheid Activist” (23 November 2020)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2020/11/23/the-solidarity-of-oppressed-peoples-a-tribute-to-e-s-reddy-anti-apartheid-activist/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23349

“Charity destroys, work builds.” – Social and environmental activist Baba Amte (who “exemplified the humanitarian politics of Gandhiji”), quoted by Medha Padkar in “The inspiring gardener” (DownToEarth, 15 March 2008)
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/coverage/baba-amte-the-inspiring-gardener-4264
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21404

“I wonder how [Gandhi] would have struggled to even comprehend the ‘hardheartedness’ of the educated in India today. Let there be no mistake: what really ails Indian education is the fact that at its center is the ‘undeveloped heart’.” – Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) in “The Undeveloped Heart: Gandhi on Education” (15 October 2019)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2019/10/15/the-undeveloped-heart-gandhi-on-education/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29790

“His absolute and uncompromising commitment to carry all communities together in crafting a utopian society is still relevant these days, especially as we live in cynical times when everything is about mobilising opinion for narrow gains and presenting one’s identity in the most superficial and orchestrated manner.” – Historian Lakshmi Subramanian (professor at the Humanities and Social Sciences, Pilani), interviewed by Rajkumarisharma Tankha (The New Indian Express, 31 January 2020)
https://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/delhi/2020/jan/31/singing-gandhis-india-exploring-the-role-of-music-in-gandhis-life-2096814.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=26089

“Gandhi believed that giving more importance, value and relevance to practical skills, and applying traditional knowledge to solving day-to-day problems were essential for the development of rural India.” – Bunker Roy (founder of Barefoot College, which helps rural communities becomes self-sufficient)
https://www.barefootcollege.org
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12993

“The world has enough for everyone’s need but not for anyone’s greed.” – Mahatma Gandhi quoted in the Acceptance speech by Medha Patkar and Baba Amte (Narmada Bachao Andolan), Laureates of the 1991 Right Livelihood Award (“a courage-powered community for social change committed to peace, justice and sustainability for all”)
https://rightlivelihood.org/speech/acceptance-speech-medha-patkar-and-baba-amte-narmada-bachao-andolan/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“If we ignore the message of Gandhi’s Hind Swaraj, on the basis of what we gained our freedom, and on the basis of which we enjoy respect in the world, we will not just jeopardise that freedom and respect, we will be jeopardising the very future of our civilisation. Gandhi had warned us that the resource-hungry, consumerist model rests on war and creates ecological disasters. It is this dual threat of conflicts between people and violence against nature that can destroy civilisation. For centuries tribals have lived peacefully with nature. In this period of ecological catastrophes like climate change, the tribal way of life shows the alternatives we need to promote peace, sustainability and justice.” – Declaration on Adivasi Swaraj by Navdanya (co-founded by physicist Vandana Shiva who also founded the Research Foundation for Science, Technology, and Natural Resource Policy (RFSTN), an organization devoted to developing sustainable methods of agriculture)
https://navdanya.org
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=6068

“[W]hen you say take away their tears that Gandhi talked of, what are we doing with our tribals? We’re making them face a nightmare of corporates coming in and mining the very land that they are cultivating. They’re insecure because they’re holding on to the land that they are cultivating.” – Romila Thapar (Emeritus Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University) interviewed by Karan Thapar in “I Don’t Like Modi’s India, It Is Too Narrow and Limited” (The Wire, 12 August 2022)
https://thewire.in/history/full-text-karan-romila-thapar-modi-independence
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20996

“Air is free to all but if it is polluted it harms our health… Next comes water… From now on we must take up the effort to secure water. Councillors are servants of the people and we have a right to question them.” – Mohandas K. Gandhi, Ahmedabad address on 1 January 1918; quoted by his grandson Gopalkrishna Gandhi in “On another New Year’s Day: Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘khorak’ a 100 years ago” (The Hindu, 1 January 2018)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/on-another-new-years-day/article22339609.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24087

“Gandhi is a universal figure. […] He is affirmed and avowed in many parts of the world while Indians might of course forget him or scorn him or defile him as they are doing now.” – Ramachandra Guha in conversation with sociologist Nandini Sundar (The Wire, 21 March 2022)
https://thewire.in/history/ramachandra-guha-history-gandhi-mentors
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11336

“If I seem to take part in politics, it is only because politics encircle us today like the coil of a snake from which one cannot get out, no matter how much one tries. I wish therefore to wrestle with the snake.” – Mahatma Gandhi quoted by Anna Della Subin in Accidental Gods: On Men Unwittingly Turned Divine (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2021), p. 279
https://www.worldcat.org/title/1151100898
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2299

“Freedom from British rule meant nothing [to Gandhi] if it did not liberate Indians from hunger and give them an improved life. A leader had to identify completely with the poor, not through the easy means of a sermon but by sacrificing comfort and forsaking the temptations of money. This was the minimum, non-negotiable condition.” – MJ Akbar in “The Rediscovery of Nehru
How Nehruvians revised their idol” (OpenTheMagazine.com, 13 August 2021)
https://openthemagazine.com/cover-stories/the-rediscovery-of-nehru/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=30463

“We should welcome your collaboration, but in devising something [like literacy campaigns] you should not lose sight of the fact that there are seven hundred thousand villages in India. They are not villages in the Western sense – dung heaps would better describe them.” – Mahatma Gandhi quoted in Maria Montessori Writes to her Grandchildren: letters from India, 1939-1946 (Amsterdam: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2020), p. 160
https://montessori-pierson.com/india.html
https://worldcat.org/en/title/1273931392
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16037

“[Gandhi’s] political actions against the British colonial state were meant to pose a spiritual alternative to materialist exploitation [whereby] each person had to find the Truth in his or her own traditions.” – Peter van der Veer (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity) in “Spirituality in Modern Society”
https://www.academia.edu/33935500
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16037

“Perhaps no one grasped this dimension of colonialism as sharply and instinctively as Mahatma Gandhi, who chose khadi as his non-violent tool to advance the cause of India’s freedom. The humble handspun and handwoven fabric was a revolutionary emblem of the political fight for Indian independence, and an equally important revitalising instrument in the Gandhian toolkit to make the villages self-sufficient and uplift the poorest.” – Neeta Deshpande in “India at 75: Khadi was an integral part of the freedom struggle. Where is handspun fabric today?”, Scroll.in, 14 August 2022
https://scroll.in/article/1030276/india-at-75-khadi-was-an-integral-part-of-the-freedom-struggle-where-is-handspun-fabric-today
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11257

“Truth (Satya) implies Love, and Firmness (Agraha) engenders and therefore serves as a synonym for force … that is to say, the Force which is born of Truth and Love or Non-violence.” – Mahatma Gandhi on Civil Disobedience and Satyagraha quoted in The Essential Gandhi: His Life, Work, and Ideas by Louis Fischer(New York, 1983), p. 87
http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1184167180
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12987

“[Gandhi’s] singular achievement was formulating what he calls his ‘religion of ahimsa’ [non-violence].” – Jyotirmaya Sharma, author of Elusive Non-Violence: The Making And Unmaking Of Gandhi’s Religion Of Ahimsa, in an interview titled “Gandhi has become all things to all people” by Somak Ghoshal (Livemint.com, 1 October 2021)
https://lifestyle.livemint.com/news/talking-point/gandhi-has-become-all-things-to-all-people-111633080526074.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=5457

“The attacks on Gandhi are coming fast and furious from every corner. His assassin, Nathuram Godse, is being hailed by some Indians as a martyr, a true shaheed. Reportedly, Godse is trending at #1 on Twitter in India. Gandhi’s statues are vandalized and in social media he is accused of the worst atrocities that can be imagined.”– Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) in “Gandhi, Secularism, and Cultural Democracy” (2 October 2020)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2020/10/02/gandhi-secularism-and-cultural-democracy/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=42475

“[O]ther countries had factories, mines and airlines. India had millions—especially, but not only, female millions—who were experts in handicrafts that went far beyond Gandhi’s spinning wheel.” – Feminist writer Gloria Steinem reviewing “A Passionate Life: Writings by and on Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay” by Ellen Carol Dubois and Vinay Lal (Openmagazine, 7 April 2017)
https://www.openthemagazine.com/article/books/kamaladevi-chattopadhyay-the-last-teacher
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20948

“Although [Thakkar Bapa] was a follower of Gandhi, there is little that is Gandhian about the ashramshala pedagogy. The most recent government committee on tribal affairs, headed by Virginius Xaxa, refers to an ‘ashramisation’ of tribal education. Many ashram schools covertly became Hindu nationalist, yet followed patterns set by Christian mission schools, with uniforms, strict (often brutal) discipline, a deeply hierarchical structure, alien ‘knowledge’ learnt by rote, short haircuts, and Adivasi names replaced with Hindu ones. A 1941 lecture by Thakkar in Pune highlighted negative stereotypes about tribal ‘laziness’, ‘promiscuity’, ‘illiteracy’, and ‘addiction to shifting cultivation’. The cultural racism in such stereotypes forms the backdrop to the continuing discrimination and humiliation of Adivasis.” – Felix Padel & Malvika Gupta in “Are mega residential schools wiping out India’s Adivasi culture?” (The Hindu, 13 February 2021)
https://www.thehindu.com/society/children-from-tribal-communities-are-being-corralled-into-mass-schools-that-are-wiping-out-cultures/article33818793.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21733

“Freedom of opinion and freedom of association are the two lungs that are absolutely necessary for a man to breathe the oxygen of liberty.” – Gandhi on 28 December 1921, quoted by SN Sahu (press secretary to President KR Narayanan) in “Why Gandhi’s use of oxygen as a metaphor during the freedom struggle has resonance for India today” (Scroll, 11 July 2021)
https://scroll.in/article/997802/why-gandhis-use-of-oxygen-as-a-metaphor-during-the-freedom-struggle-has-resonance-for-india-today
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4395

“What becomes evident from a perusal of the art is that the artists and printmakers saw in Gandhi the supreme embodiment of the aspirations of a people striving to be free.”– Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) in “The Art of the Freedom Struggle in India” (12 August 2022)
https://vinaylal.wordpress.com/2022/08/12/the-art-of-the-freedom-struggle-in-india/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10692

Marlavai Training Centre – model for present day education of tribal people – Andhra Pradesh

Marlavai village in Jainoor mandal of Adilabad district was not this sleepy when Austrian anthropologist Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf was at work during the decade of 1940. He had launched his pioneering experiment in education of tribal people at this village. … Continue reading

Posted in De- and re-tribalisation, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Names and communities, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Women | Tagged | Comments Off on Marlavai Training Centre – model for present day education of tribal people – Andhra Pradesh

Cultural values of “the world’s largest tribal population”: Focus on crafts, linguistic diversity and the missing link in India’s development story – Akshara

India is a colourful country comprising a staggering variety of cultures and communities. Each section has its own needs and requirements and among all, we tend to forget the most sidelined community – the tribals. […] India has the world’s … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Crafts and visual arts, Education and literacy, Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Tribal culture worldwide | Comments Off on Cultural values of “the world’s largest tribal population”: Focus on crafts, linguistic diversity and the missing link in India’s development story – Akshara

Methods of education that create enthusiasm for learning and reduce the school dropout rate: A success story – West Bengal

Challenges The issues in tribal education are the conflict between the state’s policy of assimilating minorities into the mainstream culture and the tribal people’s reluctance to abandon and insistence on maintaining their identity. Rural tribal children face a severe dilemma … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Assimilation, Childhood, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Customs, Democracy, Education and literacy, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Modernity, Multi-lingual education, Names and communities, Networking, Organizations, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rural poverty, Success story, Tagore and rural culture, Western region –  Western Zonal Council, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Methods of education that create enthusiasm for learning and reduce the school dropout rate: A success story – West Bengal

Justice, social, economic and political equality for all citizens: Ramachandra Guha on safeguards for minorities, backward and tribal areas enshrined in the Indian Constitution

This essay was first published in the Economic and Political Weekly (August 11, 2007) under the title, “Adivasis, Naxalites, And Indian Democracy” and is republished here with the author’s permission as it – unfortunately – remains as relevant today. […] … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, Economy and development, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Literature and bibliographies, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Women | Comments Off on Justice, social, economic and political equality for all citizens: Ramachandra Guha on safeguards for minorities, backward and tribal areas enshrined in the Indian Constitution

Mahatma Gandhi on industrialism and his appeal to capitalists of India to become “trustees to the welfare of the masses” – Young India 1928

Capitalists Of IndiaWardhaBefore 20 December 1928 GOD FORBID that India should ever take to industrialism after the manner of the West. The economic imperialism of a single tiny island kingdom (England) is today keeping the world in chains. If an … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adverse inclusion, Colonial policies, Commentary, Crafts and visual arts, Customs, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Health and nutrition, History, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Modernity, Organizations, Quotes, Rural poverty | Comments Off on Mahatma Gandhi on industrialism and his appeal to capitalists of India to become “trustees to the welfare of the masses” – Young India 1928