Category Archives: Constitution and Supreme Court

“India, also known as Bharat, is a Union of States. It is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. […] The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. […] All citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably […]” – Constitution of India (Visited: 15 April 2021)
https://www.india.gov.in/my-government/constitution-india
https://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/COI_1.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=18809

“While delivering the Foundation Day lecture, the Vice President asked that we shall first have to give up this hubris of considering tribes backward. Every tribe has a rich and living cultural tradition and we must respect them. He said it not only social courtesy to respect their cultural traditions but it is also our Constitutional obligation. He said as we are looking for ways of sustainable development, these groups can teach us lessons in sustainable development. [T]heir belief in the Nature remains one and firm. There can’t be a better example of Unity in Diversity.” – M. Venkaiah Naidu (Vice President of India) in the First Foundation Day Lecture of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) titled “Constitution and Tribes” (Press Information Bureau, 19 February 2019)
https://ncst.nic.in/sites/default/files/2019/Media/2.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=36256

“He who has not surrendered his free will and abdicated his intelligence and independent thinking, who does not blindly act on the teachings of others, who does not blindly accept anything without critically analysing and examining its veracity and usefulness, who is always prepared to protect his rights, who is not afraid of ridicule and unjust public criticism, who has a sound conscience and self-respect so as not become a tool in the hands of others, I call him a free man.” – Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (who was more than the “drafter of the Constitution”), quoted by Goldy M George in Journal of People’s Studies (Volume 1, Issue 4 June 2016, Page v)
https://www.academia.edu/28587897
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20996

“The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of this primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development. These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution respectively. – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (accessed 31 May 2020)
https://www.ncst.gov.in/index.php
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=33998

“At present, India has 1,350 prisons with a rated full capacity of 4,03,739 prisoners. All jails are bursting with overcrowding and degrading inhuman conditions, so much for standards of human rights of prisoners in terms of the Constitution of India. The Constitution envisioned prisons as centres of reforms, which is not happening.” – MY Siddiqui in “Time to tame torturers” (tehelka.com, 29 October 2020)
http://tehelka.com/time-to-tame-torturers/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=25720

“[T]he Constitution gives equal respect to all communities, sects, lingual and ethnic groups, etc. The Constitution guarantees to all citizens freedom of speech (Article 19), freedom of religion (Article 25), equality (Articles 14 to 17), liberty (Article 21), etc. […] The injustice done to the tribal people of India is a shameful chapter in our country’s history. The tribals were called ‘rakshas’ (demons), ‘asuras’, and what not. They were slaughtered in large numbers, and the survivors and their descendants were degraded, humiliated, and all kinds of atrocities inflicted on them for centuries. They were deprived of their lands [and] now efforts are being made by some people to deprive them even of their forest and hill land where they are living, and the forest produce on which they survive […] Despite this horrible oppression on them, the tribals of India have generally (though not invariably) retained a higher level of ethics than the non-tribals. They normally do not cheat or tell lies, or commit other misdeeds, which many non-tribals do.” – Supreme Court judgment quoted in “India, largely a country of immigrants” (The Hindu, January 12, 2011)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article1081343.ece 
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4315

India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh

The Tribal Development Department has objectives to improve the Scheduled Tribes’ (ST) quality of life by increasing and ensuring their access to education, health care and income generation | Learn more | People’s Archive of Rural India (PARI) >>

Posted in Anthropology, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Museum collections - India, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Organizations, Regions of India, Resources, Revival of traditions, Success story, Tips, Tourism, Tribal identity | Comments Off on India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh

The Right to Information Act (RTI): Legislation that empowers citizens to prevent illegitimate concentrations of power

The basic object of the Right to Information Act is to empower the citizens, promote transparency and accountability in the working of the Government, contain corruption, and make our democracy work for the people in real sense. It goes without … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Constitution and Supreme Court, Education and literacy, Government of India, Literature and bibliographies, Networking, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Tips | Comments Off on The Right to Information Act (RTI): Legislation that empowers citizens to prevent illegitimate concentrations of power

Commitment to Community Forest Rights titles, sustainable mining for the betterment of the tribals, and equality for the deprived – Government of India

Central Hall, Parliament House : 31.01.2017The Hindu, January 31, 2017 | To read the full text of the President’s address to the joint session of Parliament, click here or download it from the President’s official website: President’s Address to Parliament (PDF, 0.19 MB) Excerpts Honourable Members, 30. … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Women | Comments Off on Commitment to Community Forest Rights titles, sustainable mining for the betterment of the tribals, and equality for the deprived – Government of India

A constitution which guarantees: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen” – The Sovereign Republic of India

Ambedkar had been the champion of freedom, free thinking and liberty whose words are important to be remembered. […] ‘The caste system has recognised slavery in inverse order of status and maintained inequality in every sphere of human activity social, … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Commentary, Constitution and Supreme Court, Customs, Democracy, Economy and development, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Success story, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on A constitution which guarantees: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen” – The Sovereign Republic of India

eBook | The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights & Human Rights Day (10 December): “India must ratify the International Convention against Torture”

“Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home — so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. […] Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adverse inclusion, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, eBook & eJournal, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, Networking, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Tagore and rural culture, Tribal culture worldwide | Comments Off on eBook | The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights & Human Rights Day (10 December): “India must ratify the International Convention against Torture”