Category Archives: Constitution and Supreme Court

“India, also known as Bharat, is a Union of States. It is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. […] The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. […] All citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably […]” – Constitution of India (Visited: 15 April 2021)
https://www.india.gov.in/my-government/constitution-india
https://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/COI_1.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=18809

“While delivering the Foundation Day lecture, the Vice President asked that we shall first have to give up this hubris of considering tribes backward. Every tribe has a rich and living cultural tradition and we must respect them. He said it not only social courtesy to respect their cultural traditions but it is also our Constitutional obligation. He said as we are looking for ways of sustainable development, these groups can teach us lessons in sustainable development. [T]heir belief in the Nature remains one and firm. There can’t be a better example of Unity in Diversity.” – M. Venkaiah Naidu (Vice President of India) in the First Foundation Day Lecture of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) titled “Constitution and Tribes” (Press Information Bureau, 19 February 2019)
https://ncst.nic.in/sites/default/files/2019/Media/2.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=36256

“He who has not surrendered his free will and abdicated his intelligence and independent thinking, who does not blindly act on the teachings of others, who does not blindly accept anything without critically analysing and examining its veracity and usefulness, who is always prepared to protect his rights, who is not afraid of ridicule and unjust public criticism, who has a sound conscience and self-respect so as not become a tool in the hands of others, I call him a free man.” – Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (who was more than the “drafter of the Constitution”), quoted by Goldy M George in Journal of People’s Studies (Volume 1, Issue 4 June 2016, Page v)
https://www.academia.edu/28587897
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20996

“The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of this primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development. These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution respectively. – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (accessed 31 May 2020)
https://www.ncst.gov.in/index.php
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=33998

“At present, India has 1,350 prisons with a rated full capacity of 4,03,739 prisoners. All jails are bursting with overcrowding and degrading inhuman conditions, so much for standards of human rights of prisoners in terms of the Constitution of India. The Constitution envisioned prisons as centres of reforms, which is not happening.” – MY Siddiqui in “Time to tame torturers” (tehelka.com, 29 October 2020)
http://tehelka.com/time-to-tame-torturers/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=25720

“[T]he Constitution gives equal respect to all communities, sects, lingual and ethnic groups, etc. The Constitution guarantees to all citizens freedom of speech (Article 19), freedom of religion (Article 25), equality (Articles 14 to 17), liberty (Article 21), etc. […] The injustice done to the tribal people of India is a shameful chapter in our country’s history. The tribals were called ‘rakshas’ (demons), ‘asuras’, and what not. They were slaughtered in large numbers, and the survivors and their descendants were degraded, humiliated, and all kinds of atrocities inflicted on them for centuries. They were deprived of their lands [and] now efforts are being made by some people to deprive them even of their forest and hill land where they are living, and the forest produce on which they survive […] Despite this horrible oppression on them, the tribals of India have generally (though not invariably) retained a higher level of ethics than the non-tribals. They normally do not cheat or tell lies, or commit other misdeeds, which many non-tribals do.” – Supreme Court judgment quoted in “India, largely a country of immigrants” (The Hindu, January 12, 2011)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article1081343.ece 
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4315

Video | “Nations don’t make us human – languages make us human”: Ganesh Devy – People’s Linguistic Survey of India

The census of India says the country is losing languages at an alarming rate. But the People’s Linguistic Survey of India seems to say there’s more to it than meets the eye. Wherever the colonial power was played the local … Continue reading

Posted in Assimilation, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Globalization, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Modernity, Multi-lingual education, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Regions of India, Resources, Revival of traditions, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Success story, Tribal identity, Video resources - external, Western region –  Western Zonal Council | Comments Off on Video | “Nations don’t make us human – languages make us human”: Ganesh Devy – People’s Linguistic Survey of India

Adivasi art “A Disappearing World” – Gandhi Foundation (London)

The exhibition, “A Disappearing World: Ancient Traditions Under Threat in Tribal India”, opened at the Brunei Gallery at SOAS on April 13 and will run until June 25. Seminars are also being held to discuss the suffering of the tribals. … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, De- and re-tribalisation, Democracy, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Health and nutrition, Misconceptions, Modernity, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Tribal culture worldwide, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Adivasi art “A Disappearing World” – Gandhi Foundation (London)

India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Bihar

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Assimilation, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Constitution and Supreme Court, Cultural heritage, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Museum collections - India, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group, Regions of India, Success story, Tips, Tourism, Tribal identity | Comments Off on India’s tribal cultural heritage: An alphabetical journey – Bihar

Slideshow | The story of Ekalavya judged by India’s Supreme Court

Watch this story on Youtube including the self-mutilation scene [11:32]: Eklavya (Mahabharat) Kahaniyaa video channel: Moral Stories For ChildrenURL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tgl0L401VkIDate visited: 11 July 2021 Dronacharya, Guru of Pandavas and Kauravas in the epic Mahabharata, came in for some harsh contemporary … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Childhood and children, Constitution and Supreme Court, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, History, Photos and slideshows, Storytelling, Tips, Topics and issues, Video resources - external | Comments Off on Slideshow | The story of Ekalavya judged by India’s Supreme Court

eJournal | Irish Journal of Anthropology: Special issue on Adivasi identity

TABLE OF CONTENTS GUEST EDITORIAL GENERAL EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS 11 HARALD TAMBS-LYCHE COMMENT ONWILL INDIA HAVE TO LIVE WITH CASTE FOR ALL TIME TO COME? ARTICLES 14 HARALD TAMBS-LYCHEDOMINATION BY HEGEMONY, OR FORCE COUNTERED BY RESISTANCE? THE INDIAN … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Anthropology, Assimilation, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, Cultural heritage, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, eBook & eJournal, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Museum collections - general, Museum collections - India, Particularly vulnerable tribal group, Regions of India, Resources, Revival of traditions, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Social conventions, Success story, Tips, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on eJournal | Irish Journal of Anthropology: Special issue on Adivasi identity