Category Archives: Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG)

“Are there any privileges or special rights for Scheduled Tribes? ‘Scheduled Tribes being backward and isolated from the rest of the population are not able to exercise their rights. In order to empower them to be able to exercise their rights special provisions have been made in the Constitution […] so that Scheduled Tribes can avail the opportunities and exercise their rights and safeguards.'” – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (Frequently Asked Questions)
www.ncst.gov.in
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=22496

“While the Constitution is silent about the criteria for specification of a community as a Scheduled Tribe. The words and the phrase ‘tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within tribes or tribal communities” in Article 342 have to be understood in terms of their historical background of backwardness. Primitiveness, geographical isolation, shyness and social, educational & economic backwardness due to these reasons are the traits that distinguish Scheduled Tribe communities of our country from other communities. It takes into account the definitions of tribal Communities adopted in the 1931 Census. These facts are the basis for the provision in Article 342(1) which mandates to specify the tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within tribes or tribal communities as Scheduled Tribe in relation to that State or Union Territory as the case may be. Thus the list of Scheduled Tribes is State/UT specific and a community declared as a Scheduled Tribe in a State need not be so in another State..” – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (Frequently Asked Questions)
https://www.ncst.gov.in/content/frequently-asked-questions
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21438

“Updates crucial: The book points out that the PVTG list requires revising and refinement to avoid overlapping and repetition. For instance, the list contains synonyms of the same group such as the Mankidia and the Birhor in Odisha, both of which refer to the same group. Some of the PVTGs are distributed in more than one State. The Birhor are recognised as a PVTG in four States, while 10 other group are PVTG in two States, namely the Sahariya, Kurumba, Koraga, Korwa, JenuKuruba, Kattunayakan, Katkari/Kathodi, Kharia, Kolam, and Lodha. Thus, the number of the PVTGs at the national level would be 63, the book states.” – “The Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups of India — Privileges and Predicaments” (published by the Anthropological Survey of India AnSI)), reviewed by Shiv Sahay Singh in “Vulnerable tribes: lost in a classification trap” (The Hindu, 8 April 2017)
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/vulnerable-tribes-lost-in-a-classification-trap/article17894997.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=22029

“The Dhebar commission (1960) and the Shilu Ao (1969) team recommended the Government of India that primitive tribal communities should be taken as a special category for which special programmes would have to be initiated as quickly as possible for their all-round development. [S]eventy five tribal groups have been categorised as ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups’ (PVTG) in India. The main criteria adopted for identification of such tribe are: (i) Pre- agricultural level of technology, (ii) Very low level of literacy, and (iii) Stagnant or declining population. As these tribes are in a very poor state of economy, a separate special Central assistance is provided to the state for their development. Total primitive tribal population in India is 27, 68322 and in Kerala is 20,186 (2001 Census).” – Sujeesh in PhD thesis “Role of gender and social capital in sustainable livelihood promotion of Kadar tribe in Kerala” (M.K. The Gandhigram Rural Institute, 2014, Introduction, p. 4)
http://hdl.handle.net/10603/186310
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=30463

Economic policies of the colonial and post-colonial states: The Kurichia community of Wayanad – Kerala

Impacts of socio economic changes on tribes of Waynad in the colonial and post colonial period: A study with special reference to Kurichias by Rajan, E K | Read the full chapter here >> CHAPTER – VI  ECONOMIC IMPACT OF … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Colonial policies, De- and re-tribalisation, Economy and development, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Names and communities, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Rural poverty, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Wayanad, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Economic policies of the colonial and post-colonial states: The Kurichia community of Wayanad – Kerala

eBook | Research on tribal communities, their customs, languages and rights facilitated by Indian universities: PhD theses published on Shodhganga (public access)

To focus on PhD theses, make sure you include “shodhganga” in your search About Shodhganga The Shodhganga@INFLIBNET Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Assimilation, Biodiversity, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Dress and ornaments, eBook eJournal PDF, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Ethnobotany, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Hyderabad biodiversity pledge, Languages and linguistic heritage, Modernity, Nature and wildlife, Networking, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Press snippets, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Tips, Topics and issues, Tribal identity, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on eBook | Research on tribal communities, their customs, languages and rights facilitated by Indian universities: PhD theses published on Shodhganga (public access)

Santali and related tribal languages of the Chotanagpur region: Mundari, Ho and Birjiya – Jharkhand

Birjiya [Birjia] is the language spoken by Asur tribe/ethnic group, just as Kurukh is spoken by Oraon group, Santali by Santal group, Mundari by Munda group, Ho by Ho group and Kharia by Kharia group.  These are broadly identified by … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Assimilation, Chotanagpur, Colonial policies, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Names and communities, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Social conventions | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Santali and related tribal languages of the Chotanagpur region: Mundari, Ho and Birjiya – Jharkhand

The nomadic Romany (“gypsy”) tribe: Credited with amazing contributions to the music and dance of many countries from antiquity to the present – Sind & Punjab

To read the full story, click here >> Many of the modern day gypsies can be traced back to the nomadic tribe called Roma. In Europe, they were referred to as the goddess-worshippers. This goddess was none other than Kali. … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Music and dance, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Performing arts, Press snippets, Storytelling, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on The nomadic Romany (“gypsy”) tribe: Credited with amazing contributions to the music and dance of many countries from antiquity to the present – Sind & Punjab

eBook | Census 2011: Enumeration of Primitive Tribes in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Enumeration of Primitive Tribes in A&N Islands – A Challenge Census operation in the remote and far-flung Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands had been a tough but fascinating exercise down the corridor of time. Barring Narcondam Island … Continue reading

Posted in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Anthropology, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, eBook eJournal PDF, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on eBook | Census 2011: Enumeration of Primitive Tribes in Andaman and Nicobar Islands