Category Archives: Rural poverty

“315,000 farmers took their own lives between 1995 and 2018, as the numbers (huge underestimates) of the National Crime Records Bureau show . Millions either became agricultural labourers or migrated out of their villages – since many allied occupations had also died – in search of jobs.” – P. Sainath (founder of PARI “People’s Archive of Rural India”) in “We Didn’t Bleed Him Enough”: When Normal is the Problem (counterpunch.org , 12 August 2020, first published in Frontline magazine)
https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/08/12/we-didnt-bleed-him-enough-when-normal-is-the-problem/

“Everyone wants to learn but the problem is atmosphere, the medium of teaching and the method of teaching, besides the facts of economics. It is the reason why tribal children find it difficult to integrate with the mainstream. Another factor is the cost of schooling. According to a 2015 report by the Indian Ministry of Human Resource Development, the annual secondary school drop-out rate among Indigenous children in India is just above 40 percent compared with the national average of about 25 percent. The ministry lists “economic” issues as the biggest reason for the dropouts – families just cannot afford to keep their children in school.” – Santal educationist Boro Baski in “The Indian school where Indigenous children are ‘never outsiders” by Rosemary Marandi (Al Jazeera Education, 10 February 2020)
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/indian-school-indigenous-children-outsiders-200128131128144.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34790

“Is it eccentric to live in beautiful scenery in the hills among some of the most charming people in the country, even though they may be ignorant and poor?” – Verrier Elwin quoted by GN Devy
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=15861

“Instead of creating a strategy based on reacting or responding to the symptoms of poverty, we want to create a new possibility in which poverty would have no space to exist.” – Kalyan Akkipeddi (“A Search for Resilience”)
https://ted.com/tedx
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=26213

“Poor implementation of existing schemes in the tribal regions has meant that not only poverty continues at an exceptionally high levels in these regions, but the decline in poverty has been much slower here than in the entire country, as shown in this table (for the years 1993-94, 1999-2000 and 2004-05)” – “Rural Population Living Below Poverty Line (In Percent), Planning Commission, Twelfth Five Year Plan Document” by Ashok A. Sonkusare, Joint Adviser (S&T), NITI Aayog/Planning Commission
https://data.gov.in/resources/rural-population-living-below-poverty-line-percent
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23847

“Although there has been a decline, the level of poverty in the tribal population is still much higher than the national average and the gap between the two continues to be one of the major issues of concern in poverty discourse in India.” – Virginius Xaxa (Delhi School of Economics) in “The Status of Tribal Children in India: A historical perspective” (Opportunities, Working Paper No. 7, 2011), Institute for Human Development India & United Nations Children’s Fund, India
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10430

“Nehru was fascinated by the spontaneity of tribal culture and their capacity of joy and heroism in spite of their appalling poverty, destitution, and ignorance.” – Tribal Philosophy and Pandit Nehru by Chittaranjan Mishra in: Odisha Review (November 2017)
https://magazines.odisha.gov.in/Orissareview/2017/November/engpdf/100-110.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16310

Teaching Santal children by Boro Baski

Since the inceptions of our organization we have been working towards striking a balance between our traditional way of life and modernity. The transition to a modern life should be gradual and not stressful, and allow us to keep rooted … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Assimilation, Childhood and children, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Customs, Eastern region, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Globalization, Government of India, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Maps, Modernity, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Quotes, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Social conventions, Success story, Tagore and rural culture, Tribal elders, Video contents, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Teaching Santal children by Boro Baski

Tip | Call for rural schools in tune with local needs: Achieving Unesco’s goal of “integrated education”

Enrolment rates have improved in India, but especially in rural areas, the quality of primary education remains too poor. Our assessment was written by a member of the Santal community, one of India’s many Adivasi tribes. […] Experience tells us that … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Childhood and children, Commentary, Democracy, Eastern region, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, ePub, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Health and nutrition, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Networking, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Rural poverty | Tagged | Comments Off on Tip | Call for rural schools in tune with local needs: Achieving Unesco’s goal of “integrated education”

Elephants – a way of life for the Korubas of South India – Karnataka

ASHOKA, ELEPHANT BOY, Age 17Excerpts from Mother India’s Children by Edward Rice Sometimes India reminds me of the ocean. It looks like one great undifferentiated mass of people, like so many identical waves. To the tourists who jump from Calcutta … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Childhood and children, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Customs, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Elephant, Figures, census and other statistics, Health and nutrition, History, Literature and bibliographies, Maps, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Press snippets, Quotes, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Storytelling, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Elephants – a way of life for the Korubas of South India – Karnataka

Trust India’s “village republics” to bring in some good news from time to time – Kerala, Rajasthan & Tamil Nadu

A village that plants 111 trees for every girl born in Rajasthan Mahim Pratap Singh, The Hindu, Jaipur, April 11, 2013 In an atmosphere where every morning, our newspapers greet us with stories of girls being tormented, raped, killed or … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Childhood and children, Commentary, Community facilities, Cultural heritage, De- and re-tribalisation, Eco tourism, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Gandhian social movement, History, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Networking, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Regions of India, Revival of traditions, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Southern region, Storytelling, Success story, Tribal identity, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Western region, Women | Tagged | Comments Off on Trust India’s “village republics” to bring in some good news from time to time – Kerala, Rajasthan & Tamil Nadu

Santals as a community: A brief introduction to their culture and approach to development

A brief introduction of Santal life and culture and our approach to developmentby Dr. Boro Baski | Read the full text (PDF, 130 KB): A brief introduction of Santal life and culture and our approach to development >> Santals as a community … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Childhood and children, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Eastern region, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, ePub, Figures, census and other statistics, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Misconceptions, Modernity, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Names and communities, Organizations, PDF printfriendly, Quotes, Resources, Rural poverty, Success story, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Santals as a community: A brief introduction to their culture and approach to development