Category Archives: Narmada

States along the Narmada river’s course (source to Arabian Sea):
Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra & Gujarat
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

“Study at Narmada Basin is important because of its geographical location which is very strategic for migration of animal population from North to South and East to West. It is not only rich in fossils and archaeological sites, but it has a long history of human occupation and this region is facing submergence due to dam construction” – Parth Chauhan (Co-director, Stone Age Institute, Narmada Basin Paleoanthropology Project NBPA) on efforts to collect all the paleoanthropological evidence within the last two million years; quoted in “Was Narmada valley the centre of human evolution?” (Times of India, 14 August 2012)
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/vadodara/Was-Narmada-valley-the-centre-of-human-evolution/articleshow/15485975.cms
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

“Baba [Amte] moved out of his ashram to violence-hit Punjab, the dam-hit Narmada valley and to communal riots-affected bastis in Mumbai. […] We in India are often guilty of eulogizing people, but it can be said without doubt that Baba exemplified the humanitarian politics of Gandhiji.” – Medha Padkar in “The inspiring gardener” (DownToEarth, 15 March 2008)
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/coverage/baba-amte-the-inspiring-gardener-4264
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21404

“[T]heir opposition to the dam was futile and [the Bhils in the Narmada region] must have known that, like thousands of other tribals displaced in the name of ‘development’, they might soon have to flee their homes once the dam came up […] sunk deep in the swirling waters of the Narmada, its denizens being reduced to manual labourers in some dusty, nondescript Indian town.” – Yoginder Sikand in “Simple ways of life” (Deccan Herald, 23 December 2012)
https://www.deccanherald.com/content/300193/simple-ways-life.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“The social characteristics of those displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam are not unique, either to India or to the rest of the world. Of the 200,000 to 250,000 who have been displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam, 60–70 per cent, are the Scheduled Tribe populations, i.e., those defined by the Indian Constitution to live primarily by pastoralism, subsistence-oriented slash and burn agriculture, and/or hunting and gathering. […] Those displaced, who are the Scheduled Tribes, belong to the Bhil, Bhilala, Pavra, Tadvi, and Vassawa ethnic groups and are located at the boundaries between the three states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Their rates of education and literacy are low by the all-India standards.” – Judy Whitehead (University of Lethbridge) in “Development and Dispossession in the Narmada Valley” (Pearson, New Delhi 2010), pp. 6-7
https://www.academia.edu/442943/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=1713

“The Narmada and its 30 big dams, the Sardar Sarovar in particular, have for long been a matter of prestige for the government [even though] increasing the height will affect villages in Madhya Pradesh more than the other States.” – Lyla Bavadam in “Height of controversy” (Frontline Magazine, 19 September 2014)
https://www.frontline.in/the-nation/height-of-controversy/article6364780.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“More than one hundred and fifty thousand people in and around the bountiful and peaceful valley of Narmada are forced to raise a struggle of life and death. […] They are tribal and poor people, farmers and labourers, fishermen and forest produce gatherers, small enterprisers and artisans, belonging to about 250 communities. They are socially and economically disadvantaged. […] The tribunal especially considered the views of the three states Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra – represented by their chief Ministers and bureaucrats aiming at resolution of the political conflict. But in no way were the tribal and peasant communities and their riparian rights to – or even their unique and non-replaceable relation with – their mother Narmada, taken into consideration. The mute nature and powerless inhabitants of the Valley never were among the parties.” – Medha Patkar and Baba Amte, Acceptance speech on behalf of the Narmada Bachao Andolan (Right Livelihood Award, 31 December 1991)
https://rightlivelihood.org/speech/acceptance-speech-medha-patkar-and-baba-amte-narmada-bachao-andolan/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“[O]ver the last three decades, successive governments in the state have pushed the Narmada dam as a lifeline for the drought-prone areas of Kachchh, Saurashtra and North Gujarat. In practice, however, these regions are given the lowest priority. They receive only the residual water after the requirements of urban areas, industries, and farmers in central Gujarat are met. […] The programmes of well-charging and check dams adopted in the past must be revived.” – Namita Waikar quoting Himanshu Thakkar of the South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (2018 report titled “Gujarat’s water crisis rooted in years of misplaced priorities”) in “Counting sheep as grasslands shrink in Gujarat”
https://ruralindiaonline.org/articles/counting-sheep-as-grasslands-shrink-in-gujarat/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

New light on hunter-gatherers in Narmada Valley, Indus Valley Civilisation and modern India’s cultural and linguistic diversity: Anthropological Museum Kolkata – West Bengal

Shiv Sahay Singh, The Hindu, Kolkata, February 20, 2017 | To read the full article, click here >> A new museum in Kolkata tells the tale of how modern humans in the Indian subcontinent evolved from ancestors who arrived about 12.3 million … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Anthropology, Archaeology, Assimilation, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Commentary, Constitution and Supreme Court, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Dress and ornaments, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Elephant, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Homes and utensils, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Modernity, Museum collections - India, Names and communities, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling | Tagged | Comments Off on New light on hunter-gatherers in Narmada Valley, Indus Valley Civilisation and modern India’s cultural and linguistic diversity: Anthropological Museum Kolkata – West Bengal

Resources for the classroom: Learning from and about India’s tribal communities, their culture and knowledge systems

“[I]t is some of the basic values and ideology imbibed in the traditional tribal socio-cultural milieus that should have been emulated and promoted amongst the non-tribal mainstream, not, as has been going on, the other way round.” Source: ’Who Is … Continue reading

Posted in Assimilation, Audio resources - external, Bastar, Biodiversity, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Colonial policies, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, eBook eJournal PDF, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ethnobotany, Fashion and design, Film, Gadchiroli, Games and leisure time, Health and nutrition, History, Homes and utensils, Languages and linguistic heritage, Misconceptions, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Names and communities, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Nilgiri, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Performing arts, Photos and slideshows, Puppetry, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Sacred grove, Seasons and festivals, Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Storytelling, Success story, Tips, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity, Video contents, Video resources - external, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Western region –  Western Zonal Council, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Resources for the classroom: Learning from and about India’s tribal communities, their culture and knowledge systems

eBook | Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India (Census figures 2011): Government of India

Table 1.1 State wise Scheduled Tribe population and decadal change by residence : 2011 (TOTAL) – see PDF for details Table 1.2 All India Population and Total ST Population – Male&Female (Census 2011) – see PDF for details Table 1.3 All India Population and Total … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Bastar, eBook eJournal PDF, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Health and nutrition, Names and communities, Narmada, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Regions of India, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on eBook | Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India (Census figures 2011): Government of India

Video | Setu “bridge” on Adivasi poet and publisher Jeetendra Vasava belonging to the Narmada region – Gujarat

The clip is called Setu, meaning bridge and features Jeetendra Vasava, a young writer belonging to the Narmada region in south Gujarat. Jeetendra speaks Dehwali, a tribal language spoken in regions of south Gujarat and northern Maharashtra. Jeetendra is a faculty … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Childhood and children, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature - fiction, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Multi-lingual education, Narmada, Organizations, Poetry, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Storytelling, Video contents, Western region –  Western Zonal Council | Comments Off on Video | Setu “bridge” on Adivasi poet and publisher Jeetendra Vasava belonging to the Narmada region – Gujarat

Memories of life in a remote Bhil hamlet on the Narmada river: “Poor but not impoverished” – Maharashtra

The Narmada Control Authority (NCA) has been setup under the final orders and decision of the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) as a machinery for implementation of its directions and decision. The authority started functioning from 20th December, 1980. | … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Anthropology, Assimilation, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Commentary, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, Dress and ornaments, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Music and dance, Names and communities, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Tribal culture worldwide, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on Memories of life in a remote Bhil hamlet on the Narmada river: “Poor but not impoverished” – Maharashtra