Category Archives: Narmada

States along the Narmada river’s course (source to Arabian Sea):
Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra & Gujarat
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

“Study at Narmada Basin is important because of its geographical location which is very strategic for migration of animal population from North to South and East to West. It is not only rich in fossils and archaeological sites, but it has a long history of human occupation and this region is facing submergence due to dam construction” – Parth Chauhan (Co-director, Stone Age Institute, Narmada Basin Paleoanthropology Project NBPA) on efforts to collect all the paleoanthropological evidence within the last two million years; quoted in “Was Narmada valley the centre of human evolution?” (Times of India, 14 August 2012)
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/vadodara/Was-Narmada-valley-the-centre-of-human-evolution/articleshow/15485975.cms
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

“The mute nature and powerless inhabitants of the Valley never were among the parties […] while 150 000 people are recognised as ‘the oustees’ not less than another 200 000 to be affected by canals, infrastructure or sanctuary and afforestation.” – Acceptance speech by Medha Patkar and Baba Amte (Narmada Bachao Andolan), Laureates of the 1991 Right Livelihood Award (“a courage-powered community for social change committed to peace, justice and sustainability for all”)
https://rightlivelihood.org/speech/acceptance-speech-medha-patkar-and-baba-amte-narmada-bachao-andolan/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“Baba [Amte] moved out of his ashram to violence-hit Punjab, the dam-hit Narmada valley and to communal riots-affected bastis in Mumbai. […] We in India are often guilty of eulogizing people, but it can be said without doubt that Baba exemplified the humanitarian politics of Gandhiji.” – Medha Padkar in “The inspiring gardener” (DownToEarth, 15 March 2008)
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/coverage/baba-amte-the-inspiring-gardener-4264
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21404

“[T]heir opposition to the dam was futile and [the Bhils in the Narmada region] must have known that, like thousands of other tribals displaced in the name of ‘development’, they might soon have to flee their homes once the dam came up […] sunk deep in the swirling waters of the Narmada, its denizens being reduced to manual labourers in some dusty, nondescript Indian town.” – Yoginder Sikand in “Simple ways of life” (Deccan Herald, 23 December 2012)
https://www.deccanherald.com/content/300193/simple-ways-life.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“The social characteristics of those displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam are not unique, either to India or to the rest of the world. Of the 200,000 to 250,000 who have been displaced by the Sardar Sarovar Dam, 60–70 per cent, are the Scheduled Tribe populations, i.e., those defined by the Indian Constitution to live primarily by pastoralism, subsistence-oriented slash and burn agriculture, and/or hunting and gathering. […] Those displaced, who are the Scheduled Tribes, belong to the Bhil, Bhilala, Pavra, Tadvi, and Vassawa ethnic groups and are located at the boundaries between the three states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Their rates of education and literacy are low by the all-India standards.” – Judy Whitehead (University of Lethbridge) in “Development and Dispossession in the Narmada Valley” (Pearson, New Delhi 2010), pp. 6-7
https://www.academia.edu/442943/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=1713

“The Narmada and its 30 big dams, the Sardar Sarovar in particular, have for long been a matter of prestige for the government [even though] increasing the height will affect villages in Madhya Pradesh more than the other States.” – Lyla Bavadam in “Height of controversy” (Frontline Magazine, 19 September 2014)
https://www.frontline.in/the-nation/height-of-controversy/article6364780.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“[O]ver the last three decades, successive governments in the state have pushed the Narmada dam as a lifeline for the drought-prone areas of Kachchh, Saurashtra and North Gujarat. In practice, however, these regions are given the lowest priority. They receive only the residual water after the requirements of urban areas, industries, and farmers in central Gujarat are met. […] The programmes of well-charging and check dams adopted in the past must be revived.” – Namita Waikar quoting Himanshu Thakkar of the South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (2018 report titled “Gujarat’s water crisis rooted in years of misplaced priorities”) in “Counting sheep as grasslands shrink in Gujarat”
https://ruralindiaonline.org/articles/counting-sheep-as-grasslands-shrink-in-gujarat/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22575

Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

When it comes to protein and calorie counts, milk and bananas do not match up to eggs, particularly for [Madhya Pradesh], where development indicators are among India’s worst: Almost 51% of children under five years of age are underweight, and … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Archaeology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Childhood, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Eco tourism, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Narmada, Organizations, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG), Resources, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Tips, Tourism, Women, Worship and rituals | Tagged , | Comments Off on Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

eBook | Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India (Census figures 2011): Government of India

Table 1.1 State wise Scheduled Tribe population and decadal change by residence : 2011 (TOTAL) – see PDF for details Table 1.2 All India Population and Total ST Population – Male&Female (Census 2011) – see PDF for details Table 1.3 All India Population and Total … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Bastar, eBook eJournal ePaper, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Health and nutrition, Names and communities, Narmada, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG), Quotes, Regions of India – Tribal heritage & indigenous knowledge, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on eBook | Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India (Census figures 2011): Government of India

Tip | Appreciating India’s tribal cultural heritage: Regions rich in archaeologic discoveries (from Mohenjo Daro and the Indus Valley civilization to the present day)

Archaeological evidence The existence of a unique, preAryan populace with a distinct cultural heritage and evolved literary traits has been fortified by archaeological evidence collected from the discovery of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro in the early 1920s, and further substantiated by … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Government of India, History, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Museum collections - India, Narmada, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Organizations, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Tips, Tribal identity, Western region –  Western Zonal Council, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Tip | Appreciating India’s tribal cultural heritage: Regions rich in archaeologic discoveries (from Mohenjo Daro and the Indus Valley civilization to the present day)

Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Amarkantak – Madhya Pradesh

The tribal people are rich in cultural heritage and skill of art and craft but they are still marginalized in respect to higher education as well as in other walks of life. Now in the present age of globalization the … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Crafts and visual arts, Customs, Democracy, eBook eJournal ePaper, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Ethnobotany and ethnomedicine, Figures, census and other statistics, Globalization, Government of India, Health and nutrition, Modernity, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Rural poverty, Tribal identity, Women | Comments Off on Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Amarkantak – Madhya Pradesh

India’s tribal cultural heritage – Gujarat

Posted in Anthropology, Cultural heritage, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Health and nutrition, Languages and linguistic heritage, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Regions of India – Tribal heritage & indigenous knowledge, Resources, Success story, Western region –  Western Zonal Council | Comments Off on India’s tribal cultural heritage – Gujarat