Category Archives: Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools

1. Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya): the name of a legendary archer prodigy “who, being a Nishada [Sanskrit Niṣāda, “tribal, hunter, mountaineer, degraded person, outcast”], had to give his thumb as a fee to the brahmin guru thus terminating his skill as an archer.” – Romila Thapar (Emeritus Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University) in “The epic of the Bharatas” (India Seminar 2010)
http://www.india-seminar.com/2010/608/608_romila_thapar.htm
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=26432
2. “Ekalavya Residential School Scheme”: a network of boarding schools where tribal children are to be educated in accordance with rules and syllabi provided by the government; such schools are being designated as “Eklavya Model Residential School (EMR)” with the objective of empowering students “to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a large context.”
https://tribal.gov.in/DivisionsFiles/sg/EMRSguidlines.pdf
3. In some regions there are similar “Residential Schools” and “Ashram Schools” for tribal children, as in Tripura where they are managed by a society called “Tripura Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TTWREIS)”
https://twd.tripura.gov.in/tripura-tribal-welfare-residential-educational-institutions-society
4. Factory schools “exist to turn tribal and indigenous children – who have their own language and culture – into compliant workers-of-the-future. The world’s largest Factory School stated that it turns ‘Tax consumers into tax payers, liabilities into assets’.” – Survival International
https://survivalinternational.org/factoryschools
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34514

“EMRSs [Eklavya Model Residential Schools] are a flagship intervention of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to provide quality education to tribal students in remote tribal areas. The programme being implemented since 1998 have created a niche in the tribal education landscape of the country. […] Currently there are 588 schools sanctioned across the country in 28 States/UT with around 73391 students enrolled in the Schools.” – Ministry of Tribal Affairs (PIB Delhi) in “MoU signed with 21 States/UTs for better functioning of Eklavya Model Residential Schools”, 01 February 2021
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1694272
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34514

“Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for tribal children is another ambitious programme under which 740 EMRS will be established in tribal dominated areas in the next three years.” – “Education & Tribal Affairs ministries launch school innovation” (Times of India, 16 July 2021)
https://m.timesofindia.com/home/education/news/education-tribal-affairs-ministries-launch-school-innovation-programme/articleshow/84474106.cms
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29790

“Their parents sent these children, belonging to the most marginalised segment of Indian society, to these schools in the hope that education would liberate them from poverty and want. […] There are no easy answers to how and how fast tribal communities join the mainstream. Taking their brightest children out of their homes and away from their culture, only to maim or kill them, is certainly not one of them.” – The Economic Times (Commentary, 19 April 2016)
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/blogs/et-commentary/schools-for-tribal-kids-or-for-horror/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29790

“A 1941 lecture by Thakkar in Pune highlighted negative stereotypes about tribal ‘laziness’, ‘promiscuity’, ‘illiteracy’, and ‘addiction to shifting cultivation’. The cultural racism in such stereotypes forms the backdrop to the continuing discrimination and humiliation of Adivasis.” – Felix Padel & Malvika Gupta in “Are mega residential schools wiping out India’s Adivasi culture?” (The Hindu, 13 February 2021)
https://www.thehindu.com/society/children-from-tribal-communities-are-being-corralled-into-mass-schools-that-are-wiping-out-cultures/article33818793.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21733

“The parallels abound: as with the ‘Indian boarding schools’ of North America, privately owned institutions are now reeducating Adivasi children; in consonance with settler-colonial practice, the material basis of Adivasi life is being steadily undermined by restricting access to traditional foraging grounds and the banning of certain kinds of hunting and gathering.” – Amitav Ghosh in The Nutmeg’s Curse: Parables for a Planet in Crisis (book excerpt in The Print, 14 October 2021)
https://theprint.in/pageturner/excerpt/congress-left-bjp-india-striving-to-remake-itself-as-settler-colonialist-amitav-ghosh/750429/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=44650

“If Adivasis were to start writing their own Discovery Of India, it would be something like this: [T]hey could not destroy us. They knew us as Nishada and Naga; they called us Rakshasa, they burned the forests to destroy us and free the land to fashion their agrarian society stamped with the hierarchy of caste. They were the ones who remembered us as their enemies. Ekalavya was one of our great archers, so skillful that the hero of the Aryans, Arjun, could not stand before him. But they assaulted him, cutting his thumb, destroying his ability to fight – and then fashioned a story in which he accepted Drona as his Guru and agreed to surrender his thumb!” – Gail Omvedt in “Call us adivasis, please” (ADIVASI Special issue, The Hindu, 16 July 2000)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=26645

Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

When it comes to protein and calorie counts, milk and bananas do not match up to eggs, particularly for [Madhya Pradesh], where development indicators are among India’s worst: Almost 51% of children under five years of age are underweight, and … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Archaeology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Childhood, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Eco tourism, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Narmada, Organizations, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG), Resources, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Tips, Tourism, Women, Worship and rituals | Tagged , | Comments Off on Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

Video | “Our values, farming, song and dances”: Tribal and indigenous peoples’ education must be rooted in the people’s own land, language and culture – Survival International

Factory Schools: crimes against children from Survival International on Vimeo. Two million tribal and indigenous children are in Factory Schools today. Lives are destroyed and families are torn apart as the children are intentionally alienated from their community and stripped of their identity. Please … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Childhood, Commentary, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Endangered language, Ethnobotany and ethnomedicine, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Health and nutrition, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal elders, Tribal identity, Video resources - external | Tagged , , | Comments Off on Video | “Our values, farming, song and dances”: Tribal and indigenous peoples’ education must be rooted in the people’s own land, language and culture – Survival International

Tribal Memory, Folklore and Hindu Epic Narratives: Papers presented for “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference) – New Delhi

PLENARY SESSION Chaired by: Prof. M. Asaduddin, Dean, Faculty of Humanities & Languages, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi Paper Presenters: Dr. Athikho Kaisii (JMI, Delhi), Dr. Pravin Kumar (IGNTU, Amarkantak), Dr Ananya Barua (Hindu College, Delhi). Dr. Saroj Kumar Mahananda (JMI, Delhi) and Norkey … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Anthropology, Assimilation, Cultural heritage, Customs, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Games and leisure time, Globalization, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature - fiction, Literature and bibliographies, Music and dance, Names and communities, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council, Storytelling, Tribal elders, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , , , , | Comments Off on Tribal Memory, Folklore and Hindu Epic Narratives: Papers presented for “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference) – New Delhi

Residential schools: Government plans for preserving art and culture in regions with tribals majority

The name of legendary tribal archer Ekalavya will soon become synonymous with residential schools in each block of the country where tribals constitute a majority of the population. This was announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his – Budget … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Colonial policies, Commentary, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Literature - fiction, Modernity, Names and communities, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling, Tribal identity, Video resources - external, Western region –  Western Zonal Council | Tagged , , | Comments Off on Residential schools: Government plans for preserving art and culture in regions with tribals majority

“We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand

Read the full obituary by Mahtab Alam in TheWire (10 April 2020) >> A champion for Adivasi rights, Xaxa played an active part in anti-displacement movements in central India. […] Xaxa passed away because of a heart attack. A native … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Colonial policies, Commentary, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Film, Forest Rights Act (FRA), History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Networking, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling | Comments Off on “We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand