Category Archives: Tagore and rural culture

“In his play Muktadhara (The Waterfall), Tagore robustly employs this element of freedom. The play relates the story of an exploited people and their eventual release from it. [Today, when] tribal populations across India are being uprooted with impudence Tagore’s message of freedom, in all its shades, is of utmost relevance.” – Bhaswati Ghosh in “Freedom in Tagore’s Plays” (Parabaas, 9 May 2011)
https://www.parabaas.com/rabindranath/articles/pBhaswati.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=6357

“Santiniketan is in many ways a pioneering step in the field of education and rural reconstruction. Located in the heart of nature amongst Hindu, Muslim, and Santali villages which were in ‘serious decline’ despite a rich cultural heritage, the school, from almost its beginning aimed to combine education with a sense of obligation towards the larger civic community. […] While Tagore supported the idea of religious communities fostering educational research and revival of their cultures, his educational system at Santiniketan was based on plurality of cultures and religion.” – Santiniketan (UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Submitted by Archaeological Survey of India 20 January 2010)
https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5495/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4348

“Tagore—poet, internationalist, humanist […] advocated the importance of sowing the seed of humanism as early as possible, and fostering the individual’s enjoyment of education as well as their courage to challenge conventions.” – Rabindranath Tagore: adventure of ideas and innovative practices in education by Kumkum Bhattacharya (Springer, 2014)
https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319008363
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21780

“I will never allow patriotism to triumph over humanity as long as I live. […] I am willing to serve my country; but my worship I reserve for Right which is far greater than country. […] To worship my country as a god is to bring curse upon it.” – Rabindranath Tagore quoted by Meghalaya-based women’s and democratic rights activist Angela Rangad in “Beyond Har Ghar Tiranga: Why Indians must plant Tagore’s vision of nationalism in every home” (Scroll.in, 9 August 2022) 
https://scroll.in/article/1029979/beyond-har-ghar-tiranga-why-indians-must-plant-tagores-vision-of-nationalism-in-every-home
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=35584

“Society as such has no ulterior purpose. It is an end in itself. It is a spontaneous self-expression of man as a social being. It is natural regulation of human relationships, so that men can develop ideals of life in cooperation with one another.” – Rabindranath Tagore quoted in Santiniketan: Birth of Another Cultural Space by Pulak Dutta (Santiniketan, 2015) p. 42 [from The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore, Vol. II, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 2004, p. 421]
http://www.mediafire.com/file/zfx3vb2xulgkxa3/Pulak_Dutta_II_Santiniketan-Birth_of_Another_Cultural_Space.pdf/file
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=35584

“And then come these words of Gora [articulated in Tagore’s novel], which one might well apply to Tagore himself: ‘No longer is there opposed within me the Hindu, Moslem and Christian. Today all foods are my food.’ For indeed, Tagore took nourishment from what all the world had to offer, and his message of mutual understanding and tolerance is directed far beyond the boundaries of India, to all cultures and to all men. A message of freedom too, not merely freedom for oneself, but for all: ‘He who wishes freedom for himself’, he affirmed, ‘yet fears freedom for his neighbour, is not worthy of freedom.'” – Message from the Director-General of Unesco (Tagore Centenary celebrations in Bombay, January 1961)
https://en.unesco.org/courier/decembre-1961
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21449

“It is well-known that Rabindranath Tagore harboured a special affection for the Santhals in the villages around Santiniketan. He saw in their life a special beauty. They combine the tilling of the earth as farmers with poetry, songs and dance. Through this blending of the practical work for food and livelihood with the fulfillment of one’s artistic needs, life receives a fullness which it otherwise would lack. The farmer’s life, by itself, is monotonous. But when it is mirrored, symbolised, and interpreted through poetry and dance, farming becomes a primeval activity of archetypal importance. Do we not see here in action Rabindranath’s concept of raising everyday life on to a higher, more meaningful level through the expressions of beauty?” – Martin Kämpchen quoted by Prabir Chatterjee in “Santals and Santiniketan” (originally published by The Statesman)
https://www.mail-archive.com/jharkhand@yahoogroups.co.in/msg04356.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=15026

“Gurudev Tagore’s approach to education, the ambience of the gurukul system, lack of rigidity in the curriculum, and the emphasis on holistic education made me realize the possibility of there being a lot of room for improvement in the prevailing system of education Santhal children were subjected to.” – Rina Mukherji in “Infusing the Santhali Element in Schooling”
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2603

“The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence.” – Rabindranath Tagore 1926 quoted in Rabindranath Tagore: A Biography by Uma Das Gupta (Oxford University Press, New Delhi 2004)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=15448

“At Santiniketan, art was to be an integral part of an all-rounded education.” – Partha Mitter in The triumph of modernism: India’s artists and the avant-garde, 1922-1947 (New Delhi, Oxford Unitversity Press, 2007)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4343

“As a master of his craft, Tagore combined the purity of poetry with a purpose for living. He not only healed the sorrow and suffering which he had experienced due to death, depression and disappointment in his own life but he worked too to heal the wounds of injustice and inequality within Indian society. […] The worldview of Tagore is seeing the unity of reason and religion, spirit and matter and letting them dance together. This is the big vision where science complements spirituality, art complements ecology and freedom complements equality.” – Satish Kumar in “The Wisdom of Tagore” (Resurgence, Issue 266 May/June 2011)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2603

“Two major figures in the history of modern India were deeply influenced by Vivekananda’s ideas about spirituality: the great Indian political leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Noble Prize-winning poet Rabindranath Tagore. The first developed the nationalist strand in the idea of spirituality while the second developed the international strand, both showing the extent to which the national and transnational are actually interwoven. They argued that the materialism of the West created warfare and colonial exploitation, while the spirituality of the East provided an alternative that would lead to world peace and equal prosperity for all.” – Peter van der Veer (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity) in “Spirituality in Modern Society”
https://www.academia.edu/33935500
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16037

“If Tagore had done nothing else, what he did at Santiniketan and Sriniketan would be sufficient to rank him as one of India’s greatest nation-builders. […] Though outside India Tagore upheld and interpreted the Indian philosophy of life, in his own country he was the severest critic of its social institutions and religious practices which encouraged superstition and inequality and tolerated injustice.” – Krishna Kripalani in Rabindranath Tagore: A Biography (Oxford University Press 1962, reprint Santiniketan 1980)
https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.39366/2015.39366.Rabindranath-Tagore—A-Biography_djvu.txt
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4348

Video | Marriage customs of the Santals: A large mural created by village artists to express their cultural identity – West Bengal

Marriage Reception A Santal marriage takes five days and involves various, often complex, rituals. On the day of the Gidi-chumara (Marriage Reception) the women arrive to bless the bride and groom with grass and grains of rice which are kept … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Education and literacy, Literature and bibliographies, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Names and communities, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Santal Parganas, Santali language and literature, Seasons and festivals, Storytelling, Tagore and rural culture, Tourism, Trees, Video resources - external, Women | Tagged | Comments Off on Video | Marriage customs of the Santals: A large mural created by village artists to express their cultural identity – West Bengal

Methods of education that create enthusiasm for learning and reduce the school dropout rate: A success story – West Bengal

Challenges The issues in tribal education are the conflict between the state’s policy of assimilating minorities into the mainstream culture and the tribal people’s reluctance to abandon and insistence on maintaining their identity. Rural tribal children face a severe dilemma … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Assimilation, Childhood, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Customs, Democracy, Education and literacy, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Modernity, Multi-lingual education, Names and communities, Networking, Organizations, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rural poverty, Success story, Tagore and rural culture, Western region –  Western Zonal Council, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Methods of education that create enthusiasm for learning and reduce the school dropout rate: A success story – West Bengal

The depiction of Santal culture in modern art: Jamini Roy (National Gallery of Modern Art) – New Delhi

Jamini Roy was one of the earliest and most significant modernists of twentieth century Indian art. From 1920 onwards his search for the essence of form led him to experiment with dramatically different visual style. His career spanning over nearly … Continue reading

Posted in Crafts and visual arts, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, History, Modernity, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Names and communities, Quotes, Tagore and rural culture, Women | Tagged | Comments Off on The depiction of Santal culture in modern art: Jamini Roy (National Gallery of Modern Art) – New Delhi

Jamini Roy’s Santal Drummers

Two sought after paintings by Rabindranath Tagore which the British collector, W.G. Archer, acquired while working in pre-independence India as a civil servant, are being offered for sale in London. […] Another five paintings by Jamini Roy (1887-1972), with reserve … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Music and dance, Names and communities, Performing arts, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Success story, Tagore and rural culture | Tagged | Comments Off on Jamini Roy’s Santal Drummers

Indian forests, rivers and mountains owe their survival to Adivasis: “the most civilised people” – Mahasweta Devi

Renowned writer and social activist Mahasweta Devi termed Adivasis as “the most civilised people” to whom Indian forests, rivers and mountains owe their survival. She praised their egalitarian social structure where nobody is greater than anybody, and where social evils … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Bees and honey, Customs, Ecology and environment, Elephant, Health and nutrition, Literature - fiction, Literature and bibliographies, Nature and wildlife, Nilgiri Biosphere, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Tagore and rural culture, Tiger, Tribal elders, Western Ghats – Tribal heritage and ecology, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on Indian forests, rivers and mountains owe their survival to Adivasis: “the most civilised people” – Mahasweta Devi