Category Archives: Chotanagpur

“The Chotanagpur region of Jharkhand has many tribal groups living close to each other. A unique phenomenon of this region is the emergence of a hybrid language called ‘Nagpuri’ or ‘Sadri’, which is used as lingua franca. […] In Santal Parganas (Dumka) region, there are two main tribal groups – the Santal and the Paharia. […] There are other small groups also in Chotanagpur like the Birhor of Netarhat and the Chik Baraik.” – Ivy Hansdak (Jamia Millia Islamia University New Delhi) in “Santali and related tribal languages of the Chotanagpur region: Mundari, Ho and Birjiya”
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21807

“A plateau accounting for half of the country’s mineral wealth comprising coal, iron-ore, copper, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, limestone, manganese and mica in erstwhile Chotanagpur area deserves to be studied in depth not only for the minerals but for its human endeavour to liberate itself from exploitation by greedy industrialists and insensitive rulers, be it colonialists or Indian, from time to time.” – K.R.A. Narasiah reviewing Colonial and Contemporary Bihar and Jharkhand by Lata Singh & Biswamoy Pati (eds.) in “Bihar’s past struggles reconstructed” (The Hindu, 22 September 2014)
https://www.thehindu.com/books/books-reviews/bihars-past-struggles-reconstructed/article6436022.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=15699

According to Jaipal Singh, a Munda from Chotanagpur, “the tribals were the ‘original inhabitants’ of the subcontinent – hence the term ‘adibasi’ or ‘adivasi’, which means precisely that. Jaipal formed an Adibasi Mahasabha in 1938 which asked for a separate state of ‘Jharkhand’, to be carved out of Bihar. To the tribals of Chotanagpur, he was their marang gomke, or ‘great leader’. In the Constituent Assembly he came to represent the tribals not just of his native plateau, but of all India.” – Ramachandra Guha in India After Gandhi: The History of the World’s Largest Democracy (New Delhi: Picador India), p. 115
https://worldcat.org/en/title/179807214
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=15375

Jaipal Singh and the adivasi (adibasi) movement of modern India: A gifted speaker from Chotanagpur – Jharkhand

Ramachandra Guha, India After Gandhi: The History of the World’s Largest Democracy (p. 115) | More information and book review >> The first report on minority rights, made public in late August 1947, provided for reservation for Untouchables only. Muslims were denied … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Chotanagpur, De- and re-tribalisation, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Economy and development, History, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Names and communities, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Video resources - external | Tagged | Comments Off on Jaipal Singh and the adivasi (adibasi) movement of modern India: A gifted speaker from Chotanagpur – Jharkhand

Tip | Search articles on tribal history, politics and literature on Ramachandra Guha’s website

Learn more ab0ut the author’s recent publications here: https://ramachandraguha.in/about-the-author >> We met adivasis who had been persecuted by the Naxalites, and other adivasis who had been tormented by the Salwa Judum vigilantes [i.e. “a strange, not to say bizarre, example … Continue reading

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“His significant legacy lives on”: Remembering Birsa Munda, the charismatic tribal leader who shook the British Empire – Jharkhand

Now fondly known as Mr Jharkhand, Munda died at the age of 25 more than a century ago, but his significant legacy lives on. […] A century after his death, Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar on his birth anniversary … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Chotanagpur, Colonial policies, Customs, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Education and literacy, Film, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Media portrayal, Modernity, Names and communities, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Revival of traditions, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Storytelling, Success story, Tribal elders, Tribal identity, Worship and rituals | Tagged | Comments Off on “His significant legacy lives on”: Remembering Birsa Munda, the charismatic tribal leader who shook the British Empire – Jharkhand

eBook | Supreme Court – India a country of old immigrants, tribals’ higher level of ethics

India, largely a country of immigrants Excerpts from the Supreme Court judgment published on www.thehindu.com >> A Supreme Court judgment projects the historical thesis that India is largely a country of old immigrants and that pre-Dravidian aborigines, ancestors of the present Adivasis, … Continue reading

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Video | Tribal culture and natural resources: The Chota Nagpur (Chotanagpur) plateau of eastern India – Jharkhand

Chota Nagpur [Chotanagpur] plateau is in eastern India, in Jharkhand state. The plateau is composed of Precambrian rocks (more than 540,000,000 years old). Chota Nagpur is the collective name for the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Kodarma plateaus, which have an area … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Chotanagpur, Colonial policies, Cultural heritage, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Globalization, History, Media portrayal, Music and dance, Networking, Organizations, Quotes, Resources, Storytelling, Video resources - external, Websites by tribal communities | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on Video | Tribal culture and natural resources: The Chota Nagpur (Chotanagpur) plateau of eastern India – Jharkhand