Lac cultivation as an “eco-friendly option for tribal areas” & Jabalpur’s “Lac Insect Museum” – Madhya Pradesh & Assam

Annual Report 2018-19 published by the ICAR-Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Namkum, Ranchi – 834 010 (Jharkhand)
ISSN : 0974-2999

ICAR-Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG) (formerly Indian Lac Research Institute (ILRI)) is a nodal Institute at national level for research and development on all aspects of lac and other natural gums & resins (excluding production) such as harvesting/ tapping, processing, product development, training, information repository, technology dissemination and national/international cooperation. […]

The institute mandate has been expanded in the year 2007 to look after important issues related to all natural resins & gums of Indian origin. Accordingly ILRI has been renamed as Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG).  | To learn more about ICAR, click here >>

Publication of book, p. 46

A book on ‘Major gum, resin plants of India: A field guide’ is published. This book is a field guide for identification of different gum, resin plants of India with original photographs of different plant parts like leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, bark and whole tree appearance, etc.

The book gives important information to readers regarding various vernacular names, common and botanical name of the plants as well as information on potential of their gum / resin products for various applications, compiled from available scattered references.

The book will help traders, exporters, stakeholders, forest officials, nature activist and researchers working in this area for study and conservation of these plants as also for getting genuine samples of the gum/ resins for medicinal, food purpose and other targeted uses.

Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK), p. 78

a) Medicinal use of lac for body pain relief: Lac is used as curative medicine against rheumatic and other body pain by tribal people in East Karbi Anglong district of Assam. About one gram fully mature lac cell is put in a bamboo pot / pipe with a glass of water. The mixture is boiled till volume is reduced to one quarter. After cooling one third of mixture is taken per day to relieve rheumatic and other body pain. The actual amount to be administered may vary according to the body weight and intensity of pain.

b) Medicinal use of lac against itching: Medicinal use of lac against itching was recorded during interaction with tribal people at Merapani, Golaghat district of Assam. Lac encrustation after boiling with water is allowed to cool. Extract is applied on body to soothe the itchy skin.  […]  

During the training programme, problems encountered during lac cultivation in Dhemaji districts were discussed and necessary suggestions were provided to the lac growing farmers. During the training programme, seeds and seedlings of F. semialata plant, a perennial plant suitable for scientific lac cultivation were also distributed amongst the interested and progressive lac farmers of the district. At the end of the training, a discussion with the members of the MAC was also held to solve the marketing problem, which ultimately ends with setting up of a small scale lac processing unit at Dhemaji district. A meeting with Mr. R. Pegu, Member of Legislative Assembly, Assam was also organized to set up one lac processing unit and to popularize lac cultivation in Dhemaji district for rural upliftment of the tribal communities.  […]  

Lac Insect Museum, p. 108

Lac insect museum was established at Lac Co-operating Center, State Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur (Fig. 160). It was inaugurated by Shri Ravi Shrivastava, Head of Forest Force, Madhya Pradesh on 26th February, 2018 in presence of Shri CH Murlikrishnan, Director, SFRI Jabalpur, Dr. Pratibha Bhatnagar, Lac Project In-charge, and team of scientists. Lac museum consisting of lac samples collected from different agro-climatic regions of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. Various kinds of lac products, lac host plant herbarium, display board of predators, parasites, hyperparasitoids etc., different posters, training manual and other scientific publications of centers showing identification of lac host plants, various lac strains, different host plant’s insects, life cycle of insect, crop management, pruning and other agronomical practices, along with small tools and equipments used for cultivation.

Network Projects (ICAR, New Delhi sponsored), p. 111

27. 2.1.054 Enabling tribal communities to improve their livelihoods through agroforestry systems on a sustainable basis – Principal Investigator: Dr. J Ghosh

Publication and Publicity, p. 115

Following papers were presented in 2nd National Conference on Doubling Farmers Income for Sustainable & Harmonious Agriculture (DISHA -2018), ICAR-IINRG, Ranchi, August 11-12, 2018 […]

Sharma KK. Potential of lac cultivation in doubling farm income and lac value chain for entrepreneurship development: An eco- friendly option for tribal areas (Lead Paper), p. 1-2.

p. 132 Hon’ble Chief Minister emphasized on the importance of lac in the economic upliftment of the farming community including forest dwellers, lac growers and small scale entrepreneurs.  […]  

Skill Development Programme on Lac based, pp. 137

Micro & Small Enterprises

State Govt. sponsored 15 days skill development programme on Lac based micro & small enterprises was organized at ICAR-IINRG, Ranchi during July 03-18, 2018.  […]  

p. 138 Dr. Nirmal Kumar, Principal Sc. & Head, TOT Division briefed about the importance of lac processing in the economic upliftment of the farming community including forest dwellers, lac growers and small scale entrepreneurs. He told that primary processing will supplement the income so that target of 2022 of doubling income may be achieved. Dr. Niranjan Prasad, Principal Sc. & Head, PPD Division briefed about the lac based technological interventions of the Institute. Shri Sanjit Kumar, Deputy Director, MLKUVB told that government will procure the produce from the tribal farmers at remunerative price and have a plan to support for processing and value addition. About 50 stakeholders including 30 master trainees participated in the inaugural function.  […]  

Her Excellency Mrs. Droupadi Murmu, The Governor of Jharkhand and the Chief Guest of the inaugural function emphasized the importance of minerals which is available in plenty in the state of Jharkhand. She also mentioned the importance of lac and gum, which is the livelihood of the tribal farmers in the state. She also stressed upon the need of the development in the agriculture and allied sector to double the farmers’ income by 2022 and appreciated the efforts made by ICAR in general and ICAR Institutes’ based at Ranchi in particular. She highlighted the challenge to convince the tribal farmers to adopt new generation farming technologies in order to overcome the poverty and distress.

Source: ICAR-Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Annual Report 2018-19, published by Dr. KK Sharma, Director
Date visited: 4 December 2019

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