eBook | What is the Biodiversity Act? And how will it protect intellectual property rights over traditional knowledge?

This publication contains the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and the Biological Diversity Rules, 2004 that was promulgated by the Government of India. This document may therefore be reproduced for educational and non-profit purposes without special permission from the National Biodiversity Authority […]

An Act to provide for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. […] 

The Central Government shall develop national strategies, plans, programmes for the conservation and promotion and sustainable use of biological diversity including measures for identification and monitoring of areas rich in biological resources, promotion of in situ, and ex situ, conservation of biological resources, incentives for research, training and public education to increase awareness with respect to biodiversity. […] 

Where an offence or contravention under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence or contravention was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence or contravention and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly. […]

Source: “The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and Biological Diversity Rules, 2004” (promulgated by the Government of India, 5 February 2003)
URL: http://nbaindia.org/uploaded/act/BDACT_ENG.pdf 
Date visited: 3 March 2021


How to implement the Biodiversity Act across India?
Local bodies take charge of “People’s biodiversity registers” (PBR)

arana_video_screenshot
Screenshot from award winning documentary
Have you seen the arana? >>

The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is set to tell the National Green Tribunal that it created 243,499 biodiversity management committees (BMC) and 95,525 people’s biodiversity registers (PBR) as of January 2020, a source said. The green bench is hearing a case on the full implementation of the Biodiversity Act, 2002. BMCs are created for “promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity” by local bodies across the country, according to the NBA. […]

The new system [people’s biodiversity registers (PBR) with ‘comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources’] will also protect intellectual property rights over traditional knowledge; information will not be shared without consent. […]

Source: “Most biodiversity panels now in place, National Biodiversity Authority to tell NGT” by Ishan Kukreti (Down to Earth, 18 February 2020)
URL: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/india/most-biodiversity-panels-now-in-place-national-biodiversity-authority-to-tell-ngt-69334
Date visited: 3 March 2021

Dr. Rashneh Pardiwala © Alexis Agliano Sanborn/Asia Society >>
Biodiversity fostered by tribal communities >>

Excerpts from an interview with Dr. Rashneh Pardiwala, founder and director of the Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CERE) in Mumbai which works with government, educational institutions, multinational companies, and civil society organizations to implement initiatives and projects fostering environmentalism and sustainability:

Why did you found the center?

Essentially, very little was being done in India in the field of sustainable development. Historically, India’s environmental movement has revolved around wildlife conservation — tigers, leopards, elephants — yet there was little inclusion of sustainability in our models of development.

What were some of the initial obstacles in founding the center?

Changing mindsets. Back in 2003 very few people actually understood what “sustainability” was, and it was often seen as anti-development.

Historically, India’s environmental movement has revolved around wildlife conservation — tigers, leopards, elephants — yet there was little inclusion of sustainability in our models of development. […]

Our task is to retain urban biodiversity and augment it. One of our projects started off as growing native indigenous trees in Mumbai, working with private landowners and corporations. […]

We’ve now started a joint project with the government to create a garden and learning resource center for school children. We’ll teach about edible landscaping, butterfly gardens, sensory gardens, vertical landscapes, and urban bee keeping. We’ll need these concepts as the population rises and the land area shrinks. […]

By and large, the middle class and the educated are changing and becoming an important voice. They are the voice demanding change and action from the government

Source: Rashneh Pardiwala in “Why It’s Hard to ‘Change Mindsets’ on Environmental Protection Among India’s Elites”; interview with Asia Blog on environmental education at the Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CERE Mumbai, founded in 2003)
URL: https://asiasociety.org/blog/asia/interview-why-its-hard-change-mindsets-environmental-protection-among-indias-elites
Date visited: 3 March 2021

[Bold typeface added above for emphasis]

Decolonization of the “recolonized” and the “still colonized” must now give way to the exercise of “peoples’” rights to determine their own social, economic, political, and cultural future in accord with the international principle. | Chapter-1, Biodiversity-Wars
https://www.cwis.org/books/biodiversity-wars/

Tip: type the name of a tribal community, region or state in the search field seen below. For better results, combine search words of special interest to you: Adivasi, Indigenous or tribal with topics like artist, music, craft, poetry, literature, education, biodiversity, ethnobotany, festival, film, health, nutrition, forest rights or human rights

For a list of websites included in a single search, see below. To find publishing details for Shodhganga’s PhD search results, click here. To search Indian magazines, web portals and other sources safely, click here >>

Try the following in case Google Custom Search window or media contents are invisible here: (1) switch from “Reader” to regular viewing; (2) in browser’s Security settings select “Enable JavaScript”; (3) check Google support for browsers and devices | More >>

List of websites covered by this Google custom search engine

  1. Academia.edu (platform for academics to share research papers) – www.academia.edu
  2. Archive.org – https://archive.org
  3. Asia Society – https://asiasociety.org
  4. Down To Earth (India) – www.downtoearth.org.in
  5. Harnessing Nature (IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management South Asia Regional Network) – https://harnessingnatureblog.wordpress.com
  6. International Institute for Asian Studies – www.iias.nl
  7. M S Swaminathan Research Foundation – www.mssrf.org
  8. Navdanya (protecting India’s biodiversity based food heritage) – https://navdanya.org
  9. Third World Network (Penang, Malaysia) – https://twn.my
  10. The Shola Trust (nature conservation in the Nilgiri region) – www.thesholatrust.org
View the slideshow | eBook version | Shanthi Teacher’s classroom on PARI >>

“The tribal food basket has always been ­diverse and nutritious, including maize, minor millets like kodo and kutki, oil seeds like ramtila, along with fruits, leaves, ­rhizomes, mushrooms, meat and fish. […] We have pushed them out of their complementary relationship with ecology, way of life and time-tested nutrition.” | Learn more >>

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Tips for using interactive maps

  1. toggle to normal view (from reader view) should the interactive map not be displayed by your tablet, smartphone or pc browser
  2. for details and hyperlinks click on the rectangular button (left on the map’s header)
  3. scroll and click on one of the markers for information of special interest
  4. explore India’s tribal cultural heritage with the help of another interactive map >>

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