For a full and up-to-date list of FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS please visit the homepage of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes: https://www.ncst.gov.in/content/frequently-asked-questions >>
Who are Scheduled Tribes?
The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness on account of the primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation. The Constitution of India in Article 366 (25) prescribe that the Scheduled Tribes means such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 of the Constitution to be Scheduled Tribes.
What are the Rights of Scheduled Tribes?
The Constitution of India seeks to secure for all its citizens, among other things, social and economic justice, equality of status and opportunity and assures the dignity of the individual. All Rights available to the Citizens of India, enshrined in the Constitution or any law of the land or any order of the Government are equally available to the Scheduled Tribes also.
Are there any privileges or special rights for Scheduled Tribes?Scheduled Tribes being backward and isolated from the rest of the population are not able to exercise their rights. In order to empower them to be able to exercise their rights special provisions have been made in the Constitution. Framers of the Constitution took note of this fact and incorporated enabling provisions in the Constitution in the form of reservation and measures to be taken to empower them to be able to avail the opportunities. Some people call these provisions as privileges for the Scheduled Tribes but these are only the enabling provisions so that Scheduled Tribes can avail the opportunities and exercise their rights and safeguards.
Source: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS | National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
Date Visited: 2 July 2019
Publications on the above issues may be found here (title descriptions and libraries):
- Use the above search window to explore several websites and portals at once (listed below and subject to updates)
- Include the word “tribe”, “tribal” or “Adivasi” to suit your requirements
- Narrow your search down by also including the name of a state (“Adivasi education”, “Orissa tribal”, “Odisha tribe”), internet platform or organisation
- Combine several keywords: e.g. “India tribal custom”, “Nilgiri tribal custom”, “western ghats biodiversity”, “Adivasi education”, “government report tribe”, “Bastar ecology” etc.)
- For official figures include “scheduled tribe ST” along with a union state or region: e.g. “Chhattisgarh ST community”, “Scheduled tribe Tamil Nadu census”, “ST Kerala census”, “Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group” or “PVTG Telangana”
- Constitution and Supreme Court
- Ecology and environment
- Economy and development
- Environment minister’s call for a change in the colonial outlook: “Forests, tribal forest dwellers and life forms living in forests complement one another and are not rivals”
- Forest dwellers in early India – myths and ecology in historical perspective
- Forest Rights Act (FRA)
- Government of India
- Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG)
- Rights of Indigenous Peoples
- Survival International
- What is the Forest Rights Act about? Who is a forest dweller under this law, and who gets rights?