Category Archives: Forest Rights Act (FRA)

“Our forests are ours again. In 2006, the government finally accepted the historical injustice meted out to Adivasis and passed the Forest Rights Act thus recognizing our rights to forests.” – Adivasi Munnetra Sangam (photo caption, 2017 calendar)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21811

“The Community Forest Resource (CFR) rights provisions of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (also known as the FRA) is a revolutionary tool in forest governance. […] It further has the potential to bring about a transformative change in the economic and social conditions of the local people, and improve the management of the forests.” – Project description titled “Action Research and Policy Support on Community Forest Resource management in Central India” by Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)
https://www.atree.org/projects/action-research-and-policy-support-community-forest-resource-management-central-india
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10151

“The Act makes concrete provisions to allow adivasis to enter the forest and continue using forest produce, on which they have depended for generations [like] the basket that was once woven in bamboo that was collected from the forest is now being replaced by plastic ones bought from the market.” – Priyashri Mani in “Home is where the forest is”, illustrated story for Accord (Gudalur)
https://cultureandconservation.wordpress.com/2013/08/29/home-is-where-the-forest-is/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12436

“There are indigenous people who have lived in the forests for a long time. […] They should be models for sustainability in the future. Indigenous people can show us what forest products to use and how to use them properly. They deserve to continue their ways of life.” – Manoj Kumar Hazarika in “Deforestation in Garo Hills and its impact”, The Echo: An Online Journal of Humanities & Social Science, Volume I, Issue IV, April 2013 (Karimganj College, Assam)
https://www.thecho.in/files/Deforestation-in-Garo-Hills-and-its-impact.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=14246

“The Forest Rights Act, 2006, though is laudable in its intent but it only furthers the same isolationist policy.” – Indian Police Service (IPS) officer M Nageswara Rao in “Scheduled Tribes: Who are they? How to mainstream them?” (Times of India, 16 May 2020)
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/voices/scheduled-tribes-who-are-they-how-to-mainstream-them/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10151

“[We need] a change in the colonial outlook that has existed from the pre-Independence period towards forests, tribal forest dwellers and life forms living in forests.” – Minister Anil Madhav Dave while inaugurating a conference; quoted in “Forests, tribals and wildlife are not rivals, says environment minister” (Down To Earth,  21 October 2016)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21343

“Protecting forests is often a deadly risk for indigenous peoples and local communities.” – Forest Peoples Programme
https://www.forestpeoples.org/en/about
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=6023

“Some 150 years ago, the first Indian Forest Act in 1865, promulgated by the British government, had usurped the traditional ownership and management power of forest-dwelling communities. […] In a country which boasts of one of the top 10 forest covers in the world, it is ironic that the forest departments and the Union government have not followed its own law for over 90 years.” – Ishan Kukreti in “Inside ad hoc forests: Government failure, both at the Centre and the states, is hurting communities and forests alike” (Down To Earth, 18 January 2021)
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/forests/inside-ad-hoc-forests-75051
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10151

“The British established mode of forest governance imposed restrictions on local forest-dwelling communities. In 1860, the Company withdrew all access rights for using the forests (food, fuel, medicine and selling forest products) since the forests and forest-dwelling communities provided refuge to the rebels during the Sepoy Mutiny.” – Research team (Sayantani Satpathi, Shambhavi Singh & Subhodeep Basu) in “Revisiting the Forest Rights Act: Status of Implementation with respect to Land Tenures and Collection of Minor Forest Produce), Bharat Rural Livelihoods Foundation (New Delhi, 12 July 2019), p. 4
https://www.academia.edu/41756309
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=14402

“The passage of the Scheduled Tribes and other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act (2006), recognizing both the individual and community rights over forest and forest resources is an attempt to redress the “historical injustice” meted out to [200 million] tribals and OTFDs [other forest dwelling communities].” – Research team (Sayantani Satpathi, Shambhavi Singh & Subhodeep Basu) in “Revisiting the Forest Rights Act: Status of Implementation with respect to Land Tenures and Collection of Minor Forest Produce), Bharat Rural Livelihoods Foundation (New Delhi, 12 July 2019)
https://www.academia.edu/41756309
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10151

“Under the [FRA] law, forest dwellers can apply to state governments for either individual or community forest rights – which means they can take ownership of the process of protecting and conserving forests in their areas. They can also gather and sell minor forest produce such as tendu leaves or bamboo, which was an illegal activity before the law was enacted. However, states have not been particularly proactive about implementing these rights. [E]ven as Maharashtra is foremost in implementing community forest rights, it is also slowly attempting to reverse this with new forms of forest management.” – Mridula Chari in (Scroll.in, 9 July 2017)
https://scroll.in/article/843046/ten-years-of-forest-rights-act-maharashtra-tops-in-implementation-but-credit-goes-to-one-district
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23920

“There are three important stakeholders on whom rests the successful implementation of the Act [Forest Rights Act (2006)]. Apart from this an institutional framework has been created at different levels of checks and balances, management and redressed structures from the village to the state level. This involves the Forest Rights Committee at the village level, the Sub-Divisional and District level Committees and a final appellate authority of the State Level Monitoring Committee.” – Rebecca S . David in “An analysis of the impact of the Forest Rights Act (2006) in three states of India” (MPhil University of Cambridge, UK, 2014), p. 1
https://www.academia.edu/30648733/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=28027

“[I]ncome security of tribal peoples has been adversely affected by losses and access to productive resources (rights to forest or agricultural lands coupled with poor compensation).” – Programme report on Tribal nutrition: “UNICEF’s efforts to support the tribal population, especially children who suffer from malnourishment”
https://www.unicef.org/india/what-we-do/tribal-nutrition
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11674

“Though the institution of Forest Rights Act is a policy action on the part of governments, local mobilisation among Tribal population, and non-governmental organisations have played an important role in its effective implementation. This area [the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra] has witnessed different forms of social mobilization under leaders coming from tribal communities.” – V. Santhakumar (Azim Premji University in “It is possible to have a better life for Scheduled Tribes in India!”, 4 May 2018)
https://vsanthakumar.wordpress.com/2018/05/04/it-is-possible-to-have-a-better-life-for-scheduled-tribes-in-india/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24803

“The forests were ‘wastelands’ that needed to be tamed, settled and developed. […] It did not matter that ancient tribal peoples were living here for centuries, neither that they were physically and spiritually sustained by these forests.” – Pankaj Sekhsaria in Islands in Flux: The Andaman and Nicobar Story (Harper Litmus, 2017), pp. 4-5
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10151

Jawaharlal Nehru’s “five principles” for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals

Jawaharlal Nehru [1889–1964, first Prime Minister of India] formulated the following five principles for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals: (1) People should develop along the lines of their own genius, and the imposition of alien values should … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Assimilation, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Tribal identity | Comments Off on Jawaharlal Nehru’s “five principles” for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals

International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples (9 August) – Unesco

Indigenous peoples and UNESCO Indigenous peoples live in all regions of the world and own, occupy or use some 22% of global land area. Numbering at least 370-500 million, indigenous peoples represent the greater part of the world’s cultural diversity, … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Bastar, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Names and communities, Networking, Organizations, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity | Tagged , , | Comments Off on International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples (9 August) – Unesco

State wise population of Scheduled Tribes (ST) and their percentage to the total population in the respective states and to the total STs population

To download official documents published by the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes from the Govt. of India server, click here >> Source: State/UT wise population of STs and their percentage to the total population in the respective states/UTs and to the total … Continue reading

Posted in Constitution and Supreme Court, eBook eJournal PDF, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Names and communities, Organizations, Quotes, Regions of India, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Tips | Comments Off on State wise population of Scheduled Tribes (ST) and their percentage to the total population in the respective states and to the total STs population

“A historic opportunity of integrating conservation and livelihood rights of the people”: The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act – Reports & Articles

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 is a result of the protracted struggle by the marginal and tribal communities of our country to assert their rights over the forestland over which they … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Ecology and environment, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, History, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Scheduled Tribe (ST) | Comments Off on “A historic opportunity of integrating conservation and livelihood rights of the people”: The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act – Reports & Articles

Tip | Learn more about bees and honey: “What if bees did not exist?”

The role of bees in any economy is well understood, and the disappearance of indigenous bee populations is alarming to scientists all over the world: Bees are some of nature’s most fascinating creatures, they are also incredibly important. Their intimate … Continue reading

Posted in Bees and honey, Customs, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ethnobotany, FAQ, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Globalization, Health and nutrition, Nature and wildlife, Tips, Topics and issues, Tribal culture worldwide, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology | Comments Off on Tip | Learn more about bees and honey: “What if bees did not exist?”