Category Archives: Colonial policies

“In 1871, the British passed the ‘Criminal Tribes Act.’ It notified about 150 tribes around India as criminal, giving the police wide powers to arrest them and monitor their movements. The effect of this law was simple: just being born into one of those 150 tribes made you a criminal.” – Dilip D’Souza (Bombay based freelance journalist) in “Vicious cycle” in Folio “Adivasi” (Special issue with the Sunday Magazine of The Hindu, 16 July 2000)
Read or download the full issue here:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/10OzfyoSUfEkZSNIsBRFpOmWba3jAVmK5/view
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11460

The Government of India Act [1935] introduced a new framework for the governance of ‘Scheduled Areas,’ i.e. those regions inhabited predominantly by ‘tribal’ peoples – Daniel Rycroft
https://anthropologyireland.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/IJA_19_2_2016.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=31269

“Colonialiality is a dynamic we need to be alert for as much in the present even within so-called independent, decolonized countries. “– Priyamvada Gopal on the rights of indigenous peoples including Adivasis (“Ideas” on CBC radio, 10 October 2019)
https://www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/if-you-support-human-rights-you-re-obliged-to-be-an-anti-colonialist-argues-scholar-1.5315358
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=24574

“[O]wing to old colonial practices of ‘plantation’, the indigenous Mannan people lost their land and were rendered dependents on the activities pertaining to cultivation of cardamom. The ‘development’ of their land as cardamom plantation continued even after Independence; the colonial model of plantation development was in totality adopted by the nation-state, and it marked a cultural onslaught on the tribal people. The development model alienated tribals from their land, their culture and diluted their worldview.” – Anu Krishnan in “Plantation Development and Tribes: Experiences of Expropriation of Land, History and Identity-A Case of Mannans” (National Conference Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative, New Delhi, 27-28 February 2017)
https://www.indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23073

Learn more about India’s Himalayan tribal communities

Posted in Anthropology, Assimilation, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Customs, Democracy, Dress and ornaments, Eco tourism, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Ethnobotany, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Maps, Music and dance, Nature and wildlife, Northern region, Organizations, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Tips, Tourism, Trees, Tribal elders, Tribal identity, Women, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Learn more about India’s Himalayan tribal communities

Tip | Search articles on tribal history, politics and literature on Ramachandra Guha’s website

Guha’s books include a pioneering environmental history, The Unquiet Woods (Oxford University Press, 1989); Savaging the Civilized (University of Chicago Press, 1999), A life of the anthropologist-activist Verrier Elwin which the Times Literary Supplement called the ‘best biography by an Indian for many years’, an … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi, Anthropology, Assimilation, Bastar, Colonial policies, Commentary, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, Democracy, Dress and ornaments, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Gandhian social movement, Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Internet, Literature and bibliographies, Maps, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Tips, Trees, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Tip | Search articles on tribal history, politics and literature on Ramachandra Guha’s website

Harness the potential of Denotified Tribes, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes for national development: India’s labour force must be liberated from an abhorrent colonial doctrine (“criminality by birth”) – Report and Recommendations of the Technical Advisory Group

What is the “Criminal Tribes Act” all about?And what can be done to help the countless victims of stigmatization and deprivation? To learn more, read or download the full TAG report on Bhasharesearch.org >>(PDF, 361 pages including the entire text … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Assimilation, Colonial policies, Constitution and Supreme Court, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, History, Maps, Modernity, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group, PDF printfriendly, Performing arts, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty | Comments Off on Harness the potential of Denotified Tribes, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes for national development: India’s labour force must be liberated from an abhorrent colonial doctrine (“criminality by birth”) – Report and Recommendations of the Technical Advisory Group

Tips | Find publishing details for Shodhganga search results

Shodhganga: a reservoir of Indian theses – https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in Track any missing detail for Shodhganga search results To trace the source document of any separate chapter listed among the search results hosted on Shodhganga’s server, copy its “handle” number from the search results: … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Archaeology, Assimilation, Bastar, Central region, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Cultural heritage, Customs, Democracy, Eastern region, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Endangered language, ePub, Ethnobotany, Gadchiroli, Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Narmada, Nature and wildlife, Northern region, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group, Regions of India, Seven Sister States, Southern region, Tips, Tribal identity, Western region, Worship and rituals | Comments Off on Tips | Find publishing details for Shodhganga search results

“We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand

Read the full obituary by Mahtab Alam in TheWire (10 April 2020) >> A champion for Adivasi rights, Xaxa played an active part in anti-displacement movements in central India. […] Xaxa passed away because of a heart attack. A native … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Central region, Colonial policies, Commentary, Democracy, Eastern region, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya) & EMR schools, Film, Forest Rights Act (FRA), History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Networking, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling | Comments Off on “We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand