Category Archives: History

“Since the days of remote past, the diversified art and cultural forms generated by the tribal and rural people of India, have continued to evince their creative magnificence. Apart from their outstanding brilliance from the perspective of aesthetics, the tribal/folk art and culture forms have played an instrumental role in reinforcing national integrity, crystallizing social solidarity, fortifying communal harmony, intensifying value-system and promoting the elements of humanism among the people of the country.” – Final Report “Evaluation Study of Tribal/Folk Arts and Culture in West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhatisgrah and Bihar” submitted to SER Division Planning Commission Govt. of India New Delhi by Gramin Vikas Seva Sanshtha West Bengal
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29938

“Imagine a 25-year-old who took on an empire, left an indelible mark on tribal rights across the country and was seen as a mystic and folk hero for hundreds of thousands. Few would have achieved so much in so short a time and it’s not surprising then that Birsa Munda’s portrait hangs proudly in India’s parliament.” – Aditi Shah in “Birsa Munda – The Tribal Hero” (livehistoryindia.com, 26 July 2018)
https://www.livehistoryindia.com/history-daily/2018/07/26/birsa-munda
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23975

“[I]t was by reading and speaking to Tagore that these founders of modern India, Gandhi and Nehru, developed a theory of nationalism that was inclusive rather than exclusive. Tagore’s [collected lectures on the subject of] Nationalism should be mandatory reading in today’s climate of xenophobia, sectarianism, violence and intolerance.” – Ramachandra Guha, Introduction to the 2017 Penguin ed. of Nationalism by Rabindranath Tagore
https://www.worldcat.org/title/nationalism/oclc/1099200491
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=18808

“Every society had narratives about its past and some regarded them as history as time went on […] So your fantasy runs wild, you can concoct a utopia exactly as you want.” – Romila Thapar (Emeritus Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University) in response to a participant’s question: “Is there also the risk of creating fake history through the invention of tradition?” [1h41m55s]
https://youtu.be/QZU0G0P3Elw?t=1h41m55s
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=22452

“The Aryans describe their enemies as dark in complexion, noseless or flat-nosed, of harsh speech, not honouring the Aryan gods, not observing the Aryan religious ritual, but rich in material possessions and living in fortified cities. They are named Dāsas, Asuras, Panis and Kīkatas. The Aryan invaders finally triumphed over the non-Aryans, many of whom were killed, enslaved or driven further inland. In this land, which the Aryans conquered from their enemies, were founded the early Aryan settlements.” – B.G. Gokhale in Ancient India (Bombay, 1959 ed.), p. 22
http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/602186629
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=5851

“The injustice done to the tribal people of India is a shameful chapter in our country’s history. The tribals were called ‘rakshas’ (demons), ‘asuras’, and what not. They were slaughtered in large numbers, and the survivors and their descendants were degraded, humiliated, and all kinds of atrocities inflicted on them for centuries. They were deprived of their lands, and pushed into forests and hills where they eke out a miserable existence of poverty, illiteracy, disease, etc. And now efforts are being made by some people to deprive them even of their forest and hill land where they are living, and the forest produce on which they survive.” – Supreme Court judgment quoted in “India, largely a country of immigrants” (The Hindu, 12 January 2011)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article1081343.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=4315

“How could peace be brought, with justice? Is there even a movement for peace? How does this war compare with other wars in India, and worldwide? Few have targeted civilian villagers as remorselessly, though Ashoka’s Kalinga war, over 2,000 years ago, that killed 100000 people directly, and many indirectly according to Ashoka’s own inscriptions, presents a model of genocidal invasion and takeover all too comparable to the present situation. This paper walks through this context of Bastar.” – Abstract by Felix Padel (Journal of People’s Studies, 2017)
https://www.academia.edu/34104980
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=21733

“As far as I can tell, there is no real strategy for thinking about the future of the country. We will have to look to people’s movements on the ground. I think the people of India do not merely have resilience, but also the wisdom that is part of our civilisational inheritance.” – Vinay Lal (Professor of History & Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA) interviewed by Somak Ghoshal (Livemint.com, 10 December 2020)
https://lifestyle.livemint.com/news/big-story/-the-government-will-use-the-pandemic-as-a-pretext-for-economic-collapse-111607528985657.html
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=23322

The Gond community: Discoveries in Indian history – Indus Valley, Chhattisgarh, Telangana & Karnataka

Gonds living in central and southern India could have migrated from the Indus Valley civilisation – KarnatakaPossibly “a revolutionary find” that links the adivasi Gond tribe to the Indus Valley civilisation, which flourished between 2500 B.C. and 1750 BC. Eleven … Continue reading

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Bastar, Central region – Central Zonal Council, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Names and communities, Organizations, Press snippets, Regions of India, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Tips | Tagged | Comments Off on The Gond community: Discoveries in Indian history – Indus Valley, Chhattisgarh, Telangana & Karnataka

Jawaharlal Nehru’s “five principles” for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals

Jawaharlal Nehru [1889–1964, first Prime Minister of India] formulated the following five principles for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals: (1) People should develop along the lines of their own genius, and the imposition of alien values should … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Anthropology, Assimilation, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Democracy, Economy and development, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Literature and bibliographies, Modernity, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Tribal identity | Comments Off on Jawaharlal Nehru’s “five principles” for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals

Aboriginals’ language, knowledge, ritual, and faith live on in homelands after 50,000 years: Remembering an age known as the Dreamtime – Australia

First Australians Aboriginals had the continent to themselves for 50,000 years. Today they make up less than 3 percent of the population, and their traditional lifestyle is disappearing. Almost. In the homelands the ancient ways live on. […] For 49,800 … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Anthropology, Colonial policies, Community facilities, Cultural heritage, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, Figures, census and other statistics, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Music and dance, Photos and slideshows, Quotes, Revival of traditions, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Storytelling, Tribal culture worldwide, Tribal identity, Women | Comments Off on Aboriginals’ language, knowledge, ritual, and faith live on in homelands after 50,000 years: Remembering an age known as the Dreamtime – Australia

The Koli (Kori, Kol), aboriginal communities found “from Kashmir to Kanya Kumari”: Representations from ancient epics to freedom struggle and modern India

Bhushan on MEGHnet 1 January 2011 | Read the full article here >> […] It is interesting to note that Koris trace their history to the past where all present day downtrodden reach. This again bursts the myth that there … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Archaeology, Colonial policies, Economy and development, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, History, Literature and bibliographies, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Networking, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Quotes, Rural poverty, Social conventions, Western region –  Western Zonal Council, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , | Comments Off on The Koli (Kori, Kol), aboriginal communities found “from Kashmir to Kanya Kumari”: Representations from ancient epics to freedom struggle and modern India

eBook | Supreme Court – India a country of old immigrants, tribals’ higher level of ethics

India, largely a country of immigrants Excerpts from the Supreme Court judgment –  the full text is available at www.thehindu.com >> A Supreme Court judgment projects the historical thesis that India is largely a country of old immigrants and that pre-Dravidian aborigines, … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Assimilation, Commentary, Constitution and Supreme Court, De- and re-tribalisation, eBook & eJournal, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Media portrayal, Misconceptions, Names and communities, Nilgiri, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Resources, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Rural poverty, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Tribal culture worldwide, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on eBook | Supreme Court – India a country of old immigrants, tribals’ higher level of ethics