Category Archives: Modernity

“The tribal peoples access to forests has almost gone. Their life-style is changing rapidly. They have already mingled with the non-tribals and imbibed their culture and life-styles. The fact of the matter is they can no longer live like their ancestors, no longer depend on the vanishing forests for their sustenance. It will be to their advantage if they are equipped to meet these changes with a balanced approach; otherwise they will just be swept over. We hope they will retain the tribal values that have relevance even today and accept the good brought in by modernization. It is a question of survival.” – Rama Sastry & B. Ramdas in “Work and Wisdom of Vernacular” (Supported by UNESCO)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=1929

“There is no other way but to redefine “modernity” and the goals of development, not to narrow it to “environment” but to widen it to a sustainable equitable just society based on harmonious non exploitative relationship between human being to human being, and human being to nature. We cannot be either politically naive or apathetic or playing the unseen hand of free economy.” – Medha Patkar and Baba Amte, Acceptance speech on behalf of the Narmada Bachao Andolan (Right Livelihood Award, 31 December 1991)
https://rightlivelihood.org/speech/acceptance-speech-medha-patkar-and-baba-amte-narmada-bachao-andolan/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=10420

“[T]hey face the challenge of facing the modern world on a daily basis and feeling the need to belong to.” – Mari Marcel Thekaekara, writer and Co-founder of ACCORD-Nilgiris quoted in The Hindu (27 January 2017)
https://www.thehindu.com/society/A-messenger-from-the-mountains/article17102329.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=22373

“Only a few [tribals] are genuinely proud of their own culture, understand its roots and want to bring about some rapprochement between its traditions and the requirements of modernity.” – Guest Column titled “Hands off tribal culture” (India Today, 9 January 2014)
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/guest-column/story/19800915-hands-off-tribal-culture-821415-2014-01-09
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=2299

“Scheduling was the act of committing certain areas to a written list or inventory of ‘special administrative regimes’; here, normal laws and regulations prevalent in the rest of British India would not be applicable. […] The underlying belief behind this categorization was that modern representative democracy with electoral politics and law courts was highly unsuited to tribal communities.” – Saagar Tewari, quoted by Richard Kamei in “Uncivilising the Mind: How anthropology shaped the discourse on tribes in India” (Caravan Magazine, 1 March 2021)
https://caravanmagazine.in/books/anthropologists-tribes-india
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=11544

“Despite the modern obsession with factories, mines and airlines in a newly independent India, [Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay] pointed out that for millions of villagers […] handicrafts were a source of income and pride.” – Feminist writer Gloria Steinem reviewing “A Passionate Life: Writings by and on Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay” by Ellen Carol Dubois and Vinay Lal Openmagazine (7 April 2017)
https://www.openthemagazine.com/article/books/kamaladevi-chattopadhyay-the-last-teacher
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20948

“A group of women recall their bygone days: In our big village we girls and boys were together in pairs. But the pairs of our friendships are no more. Some of us have shut ourselves up indoors.” – Synopsis by Boro Baski for “Rasi Nato (Big Village)”, a song composed and performed by staff and students of the Rolf Schoembs Vidyashram (Non-formal Santal school, Ghosaldanga village, Dist.-Birbhum, West Bengal), included in the Santali video album “Ale Ato” (Our Village)
https://youtu.be/3UbSfSI2jN4
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=25317

“The recent trend is to use exotic species for manicured lawns and gardens. This means indigenous species are losing even more space, and our local species decline with them. New lifestyle patterns are also changing things. For example, India’s urban sparrow population has dipped. Even growing up, sparrows were as common as a crow or a pigeon. But now they’ve almost disappeared. Why?” – Rashneh Pardiwala in “Why It’s Hard to ‘Change Mindsets’ on Environmental Protection Among India’s Elites”; interview on environmental education at her Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CERE) in Mumbai (Asia Blog, 27 July 2015)
https://asiasociety.org/blog/asia/interview-why-its-hard-change-mindsets-environmental-protection-among-indias-elites
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=14402

“India lives in its villages, but it has been forced to go to its cities to work. We have created a nation where nearly half of the wealth is generated by the labour of these unseen and unheard men, women and children. We call them migrant labour. For all the wealth generated by the cities, the migrants live in poverty, working in jobs that profit others but bring them very little.” – Chitvan Gill in “The lives of the unseen, unheard men and women who build the cities we inhabit” (Scroll.in, 31 May 2020)
https://scroll.in/article/962825/photo-essay-the-lives-of-the-unseen-unheard-men-and-women-who-build-the-cities-we-inhabit
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=33992

“Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi had distinguished the modern university from its medieval forerunners by envisaging for it an autonomous sphere in relation to the emerging nation-state.” – Suranjan Das, Vice-Chancellor of Jadavpur University Kolkata (The Telegraph, 30 September 2020)
https://www.telegraphindia.com/west-bengal/calcutta/the-relevance-of-vidyasagar/cid/1793177
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=35639

“[T]he primary identity of every citizen of India, over and above all other identities of religion, caste, language, race and suchlike, is that of an Indian.” – Romila Thapar (Emeritus Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University) quoted in “Nationalism does not allow the Hindu in India to claim primacy” by Ziya Us Salam (The Hindu, 2 March 2016)
https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/historian-romila-thapar-says-nationalism-does-not-allow-the-hindu-in-india-to-claim-primacy/article8300752.ece
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=20996

“In Nehru’s view, the process of modernization must not be taken as forcing a sudden break with the tribals past but help them build upon it and grow by a natural process of evolution.” – Chittaranjan Mishra in “Tribal Philosophy and Pandit Nehru” (Odisha Review, November 2017)
https://magazines.odisha.gov.in/Orissareview/2017/November/engpdf/100-110.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=16310

“[N]o good purpose can be served by turning a blind eye to corrupt practices and the resulting failures of policies, thereby distorting the picture of the true conditions of tribal populations. […] The tribals were dislodged from their traditional sources of livelihood and places of habitation.” – Christoph von Fürer-Haimendorf in Tribes of India: The Struggle for Survival. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982 [observations among Indian tribal populations spanning the period from 1940 to 1980]
https://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/rarebooks/downloads/Haimendorf_Tribes_of_India.pdf
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=12724

A master of traditional Kurumba painting techniques: Krishnan of Velaricombai village (Nilgiris) – Tamil Nadu

Making do without blue in the Blue Mountains Olivia Waring,  April 4, 2017 | To view these and more photos in larger size and read the full article, click here >> Krishnan of Velaricombai village in the Nilgiris attempts to breathe life into … Continue reading

Posted in Audio resources - external, Bees and honey, Community facilities, Constitution and Supreme Court, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Customs, Dress and ornaments, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Media portrayal, Modernity, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Nilgiri, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Quotes, Regions of India, Resources, Revival of traditions, Rural poverty, Seasons and festivals, Southern region – Southern Zonal Council, Storytelling, Success story, Tips, Tribal identity, Video resources - external, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology, Women, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , | Comments Off on A master of traditional Kurumba painting techniques: Krishnan of Velaricombai village (Nilgiris) – Tamil Nadu

Video | Tribes in Transition-III: “Indigenous Cultures in the Digital Era”

Courtesy Dr. Ivy Hansdak, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Jamia Millia Islamia University New Delhi (email 30 September 2021)

Posted in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, eBook eJournal PDF, Education and literacy, Endangered language, Internet, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Misconceptions, Modernity, Musicology, Networking, Organizations, Revival of traditions, Tribal elders, Tribal identity, Video resources - external | Comments Off on Video | Tribes in Transition-III: “Indigenous Cultures in the Digital Era”

The main criteria adopted for identification of ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups’ (PVTG) – Government of India

The Dhebar commission (1960) and the Shilu Ao (1969) team recommended the Government of India that primitive tribal communities should be taken as a special category for which special programmes would have to be initiated as quickly as possible for … Continue reading

Posted in Adverse inclusion, Colonial policies, Democracy, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Gandhian social movement, Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG), Quotes, Resources, Rural poverty | Comments Off on The main criteria adopted for identification of ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups’ (PVTG) – Government of India

Bastar Dasara in Jagdalpur (July – October): Ancient customs and modernity – Chhattishgarh

In the heart of Bastar, where the beauty of the jungle holds sway, is a Dasara celebration unchanged by the passage of time | Read the full story and view more photos here >> She’s attired in a shocking pink sari tied till … Continue reading

Posted in Bastar, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Customs, Dress and ornaments, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, History, Modernity, Names and communities, Press snippets, Seasons and festivals, Storytelling, Success story, Tips, Tourism, Women, Worship and rituals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Bastar Dasara in Jagdalpur (July – October): Ancient customs and modernity – Chhattishgarh

A tribal martial art valued for helping actors and patients to “make connections between the body and mind”: Seraikela Chhau – West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand & Manipur

Photo Essay | Behind the maskPrachi Jawadekar Wagh, Livemint.com, 23 August 2013 Though popular in Orissa, West Bengal and Jharkhand, Chhau is yet to be embraced and acknowledged in the rest of the country | To view more photos and … Continue reading

Posted in Cultural heritage, De- and re-tribalisation, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Education and literacy, Health and nutrition, History, Modernity, Organizations, Performing arts, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Revival of traditions, Storytelling, Tribal culture worldwide | Comments Off on A tribal martial art valued for helping actors and patients to “make connections between the body and mind”: Seraikela Chhau – West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand & Manipur