Researching India’s aboriginal culture from a historical and global perspective: IIAS Leiden – The Netherlands

Sofya A. Maretina (PhD) presented the paper entitled `Andaman Islands: society and nature’. She is well known as an expert on the minority peoples of India and the author of the series of monographs on the Naga and other tribes of the North-Eastern India as well as on the aboriginals of the Andaman Islands. In her paper dealing with society and nature in the Andaman Archipelago she analyses the Andaman style of life and the relationship between the people and nature. Viewed from the historical perspective, many people have cultivated their land and changed the previous ecological balance. Man first changed the natural surrounding, then he changed his mode of life and social organization in order to achieve a new equilibrium with the altered pattern of nature. In the Andaman Islands, the inhabitants made little impact on nature because they remained hunters and collectors of nuts and fruits. There was enough food for the aboriginal population, so there was no necessity for innovation. So far, there has been no change in methods of obtaining food there.

Source: http://www.iias.nl/iiasn/iiasn4/south/russind.txt
Address: http://www.iias.nl/iiasn/iiasn4/south/russind.txt
Date Visited: Fri Jun 12 2015 11:02:17 GMT+0200 (CEST)

Women in India: A reality check

Frontline Magazine (Cover),  | To read the full article, click here >>

Tracing the rise of patriarchy to class-based “civilisations” and the diminishing role of women in such societies, Chris Harman, in his book ‘A People’s History of the World’, says in hunter-gatherer societies, there was no male supremacy over women as there was almost always a division of labour between the sexes, with the men doing most of the hunting and the women most of the gathering. […]

New intensive production techniques tended to prioritise men’s labour over women’s. The use of the plough, for instance, encouraged an increased division of labour between the sexes, since it was a form of heavy labour not easily done by women bearing or nursing children. These new ways of production created new relations between members of the group.

Women everywhere lost out with the polarisation of society into classes and the rise of the state. From being co-decision-makers with men, they were thrust into a position of dependence and subordination. […]

Today, when most societies consider themselves highly advanced compared with our “barbaric” ancestors, the position of women in society has changed little. ‘Frontline’ takes a look at the position of women in India today.

Source: Women and Men in India: 2012, Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Source: Women in India: A reality check | Frontline
Address: http://www.frontline.in/cover-story/women-in-india-a-reality-check/article4275963.ece
Date Visited: Sat Oct 24 2015 10:19:10 GMT+0200 (CEST)

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