Human trafficking is a crime. To report in India, call
Shakti Vahini on +91-11-42244224, +91-9582909025
or the national helpline Childline on 1098.
High susceptibility of children in tourism locations >>
What is trafficking in persons? | Read the full article here >>
Broadly, trafficking is the exploitation of people, most often for sexual exploitation or forced labour. The different elements are captured within the UN ‘Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children’,1 adopted in 2000 and implemented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
The Protocol defines trafficking as: “[…] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. […]” (Article 3).
While some may associate trafficking with movement – as suggested by the terms ‘transportation’ and ‘harbouring’ in the above definition – it is not necessary for a person to have been moved to another location for trafficking to have taken place. According to the 2018 UNODC ‘Report on Trafficking in Persons’,2 the highest numbers of trafficking victims are detected in the countries in which they are citizens, a departure from the reported cases in previous editions. In order to better understand the problem, some analyses have attempted to classify states into source, transit and destination countries, which may be useful to sketch out the routes for transnational forms of human trafficking, but may present a misleading picture when the highest numbers of trafficking victims are local. […]
There have been initiatives to help generate other data sources around trafficking in persons. Some organisations have circulated household surveys to gain insights into cases that may not have been reported through other channels. For instance, the Walk Free Foundation has used figures from household surveys to produce their ‘Global Slavery Index’, which estimated that on “any given day in 2016, an estimated 24.9 million men, women, and children were living in modern slavery in Asia and the Pacific.”
Source: “An uncertainty of terms. Definitional and methodological concerns in human trafficking” by Anna Tsalapatanis (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford) – IIAS The Newsletter 87 Autumn 2020
Date visited: 30 October 2020
- Modern slavery is an umbrella term, which encompasses several types of exploitation, including forced labour, human trafficking and forced marriage.
- Walk Free is an international human rights group focussed on the eradication of modern slavery, in all its forms, in our lifetime.
- We independently and unashamedly agitate for change and pioneer research that reinforces the need for change in the world.
- Our mission is to tackle one of the world’s most complex human rights issues requires serious strategic thinking. We approach this challenge by integrating world class research with direct engagement with some of the world’s most influential governments, businesses and religious leaders.
- Learn more about Walk Free Foundation: https://www.walkfree.org >>
Source: Walk Free Foundation
Date visited: 30 October 2020
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A call for harnessing the potential of Denotified Tribes, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes for national development: “India’s labour force must be liberated from an abhorrent colonial doctrine (‘criminality by birth’)” – Report and Recommendations of the Technical Advisory Group | “Adivasi”, “Tribals” and “Denotified tribes” (classifications in different states) >>
- Adivasi (Adibasi)
- Amartya Sen
- Bondage | Bonded labour | Slavery | Zamindari
- Colonial policies
- Denotified Tribe vs. “criminal tribe“
- Economy and development
- Figures, census and other statistics
- Health and nutrition | Recommendations by the Expert Committee
- Ramachandra Guha
- Scheduled Tribe (ST) | Classifications in different states
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- explore India’s tribal cultural heritage with the help of another interactive map >>