Languages, traditions and culture of tribals to be protected: New dictionaries of unique tribal languages – Karnataka State Tribal Research Institute

Times of India, Dec 3, 2014

MYSURU: For the first time, Karnataka State Tribal Research Institute (KSTRI) has come up with a novel initiative to preserve languages of tribals in the state. KSTRI is gearing to launch dictionaries of tribal languages.

As part of the work in the first phase, KSTRI is working on languages of Hakki Pikki and Dungri Garasia communities. Language experts have collected 3,500 words from each of those languages. The works, which contain meanings of tribal words in Kannada and English, will be published by this year-end. […]

The institute aims at promoting unique languages, traditions and culture of tribals in Karnataka. “Our intention is to protect, promote and educate the present youths on tribal languages. These unique languages are endangered with many people migrating to urban areas. We want tribal languages to be protected, and these dictionaries help us in achieving the same,” said KSTRI director T T Basavanagouda.

The institute is also mulling over bringing out dictionaries on Harin Shikari, Eruliga, Hasalaru Marathi and Siddhi tribal languages. For this, it has joined hands with Central Institute for Indian Languages and roped in scholars and eminent personalities form different communities. According to the authorities concerned, many people from Dungri Garasia, whose main occupation is ragpicking, have settled down in semi-urban areas, “because of which their language is on the verge of extinction”.

Source: Dictionaries on tribal lingo to be brought out by year-end – The Times of India
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Table of the number of endangered languages with the states that they are spoken in according to India Today (February 2018) | Learn more >>

Indian states No. of languages Endangered Languages
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 11 Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Onge, Pu, Sanenyo, Sentilese, Shompen and Takahanyilang
Manipur 7 Aimol, Aka, Koiren, Lamgang, Langrong, Purum and Tarao
Himachal Pradesh 4 Baghati, Handuri, Pangvali and Sirmaudi
Odisha 3 Manda, Parji and Pengo
Karnataka 2 Koraga and Kuruba
Andhra Pradesh 2 Gadaba and Naiki
Tamil Nadu 2 Kota and Toda
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mra and Na
Assam 2 Tai Nora and Tai Rong
Uttarakhand 1 Bangani
Jharkhand 1 Birhor
Maharashtra 1 Nihali
Meghalaya 1 Ruga
West Bengal 1 Toto

The Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages in India under a central scheme […]

Central Institute of Indian Languages (Official website):

Source: International Mother Language Day: 42 Indian languages heading towards extinction, India Today, 21 February 2018
Date visited: 29-11-19

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Tip: click on any red marker for details on endangered languages in a particular region of India. This map is bound to be incomplete as recent surveys in-depth studies on this subject have revealed. To learn more, please follow the links to relevant sources seen below.

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