There are an estimated 476 million indigenous peoples in the world living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures.
Indigenous peoples are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. They have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples from around the world share common problems related to the protection of their rights as distinct peoples.
Indigenous peoples have sought recognition of their identities, their way of life and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources for years. Yet, throughout history, their rights have been violated. Indigenous peoples today, are arguably among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of people in the world. The international community now recognizes that special measures are required to protect their rights and maintain their distinct cultures and way of life.
In order to raise awareness of the needs of these population groups, every 9 August commemorates the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, chosen in recognition of the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations held in Geneva in 1982.
Did you know?
- Globally, 47% of all indigenous peoples in employment have no education, compared to 17% of their non-indigenous counterparts. This gap is even wider for women.
- More than 86% of indigenous peoples globally work in the informal economy, compared to 66% for their non-indigenous counterparts
- Indigenous peoples are nearly three times as likely to be living in extreme poverty compared to their non-indigenous counterparts.
Source: “We need indigenous communities for a better world”, International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples
9 August, Unesco 2023
Date Visited: 19 July 2023
- Adivasi Academy & Museum of Adivasi Voice at Tejgadh
- Appropriate education for Adivasi children – the Vidyodaya School model
- Childhood | Children’s books | Childrens rights: UNICEF India | Safe search
- Childrens rights: UNICEF India
- Community facilities
- Convention on the Rights of the Child: The children’s version | Unicef
- eBook | Background guide for education
- eBook | Free resources for rural education and health care – Unicef
- eBook | “Where the mind is without fear”: Tagore, Gitanjali and the Nobel Prize
- Education and literacy | A View of Higher Education in India | Right to education
- eJournals, eBooks & reports
- eLearning | “National development and the development of tribal communities are linked to each other”: Droupadi Murmu – 15th President of India
- Endangered language
- Forest Rights Act (FRA) | Illegal mining
- Health and nutrition | Recommendations by the Expert Committee
- Multi-lingual education & Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL)
- Residential school | Ekalavya
- Resources for the classroom: Learning from and about India’s tribal communities, their culture and knowledge systems
- RSV School & Museum of Santal Culture (West Bengal)
- Scheduled Tribes (ST) | Success story
- Tagore and rural culture
- Tribal Children’s Right to Education in India
- Unesco | Unicef | Unicef India | United Nations
- United Nations International Days and Weeks
- Video | “Nations don’t make us human – languages make us human”: Ganesh Devy
- Women | Safe search | President Droupadi Murmu on women’s empowerment