Scheduled tribes population figures – Census of India

According to the Census of 2011, the ST population in India was 104.5 million, accounting for 8.63 percent of the total population of the country. | Learn more >>

Source: Foreword by Dr. S. Parasuraman in “Tribal Sub-Plan in Maharashtra: A Diagnostic Study” (TATA Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai supported by Unicef Maharashtra, December 2015)
Date Visited: 5 July 2021

Total population of Scheduled Tribes is 84,326,240 as per the Census 2001 which accounts for 8.2% of the total population of country. Majority of the Scheduled tribe population live in rural areas and their population is 10.4 % of the total rural population of the country. […]

Table 5: Proportion of SC/ST population (%) […]

The share of the Scheduled Tribe population in urban areas is a meager 2.4%. Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Gujrat, Rajsthan, Jharkhand, Chhatishgarh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka are the State having larger number of Scheduled Tribes These states account for 83.2% of the total Scheduled Tribe population of the country. Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Tripura, Mizoram, Bihar, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, account for another 15.3% of the total Scheduled Tribe population. The share of the remaining states / Uts is negligible.

Lakshdweep, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, are predominantly tribal States /Union territories where Scheduled Tribes population constitutes more than 60% of their total population. No Scheduled Tribes is notified in Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi, and Pondicherry.

At the village level out of the total 5.94 lakh villages in the country 1.53 lakh or 1\4 of the villages, do not have any Scheduled Caste population. In 171,865 villages and 2,931 UAs / Towns, the proportion of the Scheduled Caste population is less than 20 % while in more than 20% while in 154,481 villages and 856 UAs/Towns it is more than 20% but less than 50%.

On the other hand, there are 105,295 villages and 57 UAs/Towns which have more than 50% Scheduled tribes population in the country while 3.23 lakh or half of the villages do not have any Scheduled Tribes population. It is due the fact that, while the Scheduled Castes population is more widely spread over both in rural and urban areas, the scheduled tribe population prefers to live in groups in the rural surroundings.

Source: Census And You [2001 figures]
Date Visited: 4 September 2021

Source © Deepanwita Gita Niyogi (Pulitzer Center May 27, 2021)
India’s Adivasi Identity in Crisis >>

The country has the highest number of Indigenous people in the world after Africa. As tribes uphold unique cultures, their preservation is vital at a time when a specific national cultural discourse is growing stronger.

In the light of extreme right-wing ideology dominating the nation, there is a need to explore the tribal consciousness in the backdrop of climate change, development, and deforestation.

[Bold typeface added above for emphasis]

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India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since Independence. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.

Source: States and Union Territories – About India
Date visited: 4 September 2021

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