Adivasi communities traditionally depended on the forest for all their nutritional needs. They subsisted mainly on fruits, vegetables, tubers, fish, small game as well as the occasional crop they grew, predominantly coarse grains. However, as time passed and the nature of, as well as their access to, forests changed, their diet started becoming deficient. Certain tribes, such as Paniyas, forced into bonded labour saw a paradigm shift in their dietary practices due to their dependence on their exploiters for their sustenance needs. This deficiency started manifesting in the form of rampant malnutrition, among adults and children alike, underweight babies as well as high maternal mortality. Another consequence was increased susceptibility to Tuberculosis among the Adivasis.
Source: “Gardening their way to Good Health” by ACCORD – Action for Community Organisation, Rehabilitation and Development
Date visited: 30 June 2022
For additional learning resources visit the website of the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), “a public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi”:
Communication for Awareness
CSE’s publications and informational products have been its strength and they have always combined research and readability to get the message across.
CSE’s tools for awareness raising are periodicals, publications, films/short spots, briefing papers, exhibitions, posters and other products. CSE’s informational products reach people in more diverse ways such as features service, website and e-news bulletins. […]
Source: About CSE
Date Visited: 10 July 2022
“As per a study on human trafficking, the state of Jharkhand has emerged as India’s trafficking hub with thousands of tribal women and girls being trafficked out of the state each year to Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and beyond [while] human traffickers are also involved in many cases of missing children.” – Learn more: Call Shakti Vahini or the national helpline Childline to report human trafficking of tribal girls and women | Full report: The Wire (2 June 2020) | High susceptibility of children in tourism locations | Safe search results “Adivasi tribal bondage slavery trafficking” >>
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- ACCORD – Action for Community Organisation, Rehabilitation and Development
- Articles by Mari Marcel Thekaekara (writer and Co-Founder of ACCORD-Nilgiris)
- Ashwini community health programme
- Childhood | Childrens rights: UNICEF India | Safe search
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- Health and nutrition | Recommendations by the Expert Committee
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- Western Ghats – tribal heritage & ecology
- What is the Forest Rights Act about?
Who is a forest dweller under this law, and who gets rights?
- “Who are Scheduled Tribes?”: Clarifications by the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes – Government of India