Information Relating to Tribals: The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) – Government of India

The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A in the Constitution through the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003. | Learn more >>

Source: Introduction | National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
Date Visited: Fri Dec 09 2016 15:11:37 GMT+0100 (CET)

The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of this primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development. These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution respectively.

Socio-economic Development Of Scheduled Tribes

For the Socio-economic and overall development of the Tribal people, special provisions and safeguards have been provided in the Constitution of India and some initiative have also been taken by the Government of India, including Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) strategy. The Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) strategy was aimed for the rapid socio-economic development of tribal people. The funds provided under the Tribal Sub Plan of the State have to be at least equal in proportion to the ST population of each State or UTs. Similarly Central Ministries/Departments are also required to earmark funds out of their budget for the Tribal Sub-Plan. As per guidelines issued by the Planning Commission, the Tribal Sub Plan funds are to be non-divertible and non-lapsable. The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is vested with the duty to participate and advise in the planning process of socio-economic development of STs, and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State.

Source: National Commission for Scheduled Tribes | Government of India
Date Visited: Fri Dec 09 2016 15:10:02 GMT+0100 (CET)

Jaideep Deogharia, Times of India,  Sep 11, 2016

RANCHI: National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) visited villagers displaced by one of the flagship projects of Independent India – Heavy Engineering Corporation – after a gap of 55 years. | To read the full article, click here >>

Source: Tribal panel visits HEC oustees after 50 years – Times of India
Date Visited: Fri Dec 09 2016 15:21:25 GMT+0100 (CET)

S. Prasad, The Hindu, PUDUCHERRY: September 02, 2014 | To read the full article, click here >>

The Union government is in favour of including the Irulas of Union Territory of Puducherry in the list of Scheduled Tribes.

The Centre has sent the proposal in this regard to the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (ST) for final approval, said Rameshwar Oraon, Chairperson, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.

A three-member team led by Dr. Oraon is on a three-day visit to Puducherry and Karaikal to study the proposal of the Puducherry government for identification of five communities including Irular, Kattunayakan, Malaikuruvan, Yerukkula and Kuruman as Scheduled Tribes.

“A majority of Irulas are living in huts in very bad conditions. The commission is of the view that every Irula should get a house under the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY). The commission will hold discussions with officials of the Puducherry government about the economic plight of the Irulas and the facilities being provided to them. The Centre has been providing a lot of funds and it needs to be ascertained whether it is spent or not. The Irulas come under Below Poverty Line (BPL) category and should be provided with all the facilities,” Mr. Oraon told The Hindu. […]

Source: Irulas of Puducherry may be granted Scheduled Tribe status – The Hindu
Date Visited: Fri Dec 09 2016 15:24:37 GMT+0100 (CET)

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India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since Independence. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.

Source: States and Union Territories – About India
Date visited: 16 April 2020

Learn more about India’s 28 States and 8 Union Territories – From Andhra Pradesh to West Bengal >>

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Tip | Health and the nutritional value of indigenous grains, seeds and millets: “The tribal food basket has always been ­diverse and nutritious” >>

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Tip | Health and the nutritional value of indigenous grains, seeds and millets:
“The tribal food basket has always been diverse and nutritious” >>

“Health spending by the Indian government as percentage of GDP has long been one of the lowest for any major country, and the public health system is chronically dismal.” – Pranab Bardhan in “The two largest democracies in the world are the sickest now” | Learn more:, 24 August 2020 >>

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