Endangered languages identified by Peoples’ Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) – Karnataka

Siddi and Hakki Pikki ‘critically endangered’

Of the 50 languages that are spoken in Karnataka, eight are potentially endangered and two critical endangered, according to a survey conducted by the Peoples’ Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI), an organisation that is conducting a nation-wide survey of Indian languages.

Languages spoken by the tribal communities of Koraga, Badaga, Yerava, Irula, Soliga, Gouli, Jenukuruba and Bettakuruba [Bettakurumba] are said to be “potentially endangered”.

Siddi language spoken by the Siddi tribe of Uttara Kannada district and Hakki Pikki language of the nomadic tribes have been identified as “critically endangered”.

The organisation, headed by renowned scholar G.N. Devy, has said that a language is classified “potentially endangered” when less than 10,000 are using it. Languages not spoken by the younger generation of a particular community is categorised “critically endangered”. […]

Prof. Devy said that 70 volumes on Indian languages and sign language are being brought out across India based on the findings of a nationwide survey.

The volumes will be released on September 5 to mark the 125th birth anniversary of the former President S. Radhakrishnan. […]

Source: 10 languages endangered – The Hindu, 2 August 2013
Address : https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/10-languages-endangered/article4980320.ece
Date Visited: 13 December 2021

[Bold typeface added above for emphasis]

Learn more about the tribal communities named above: 
BadagaBettakurubaGouliIrulaJenukurubaKoraga | Kuruba | Soliga | Yerava

Table of the number of endangered languages with the states that they are spoken in according to India Today | Learn more >>

Indian states No. of languages Endangered Languages
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 11 Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Onge, Pu, Sanenyo, Sentilese, Shompen and Takahanyilang
Manipur 7 Aimol, Aka, Koiren, Lamgang, Langrong, Purum and Tarao
Himachal Pradesh 4 Baghati, Handuri, Pangvali and Sirmaudi
Odisha 3 Manda, Parji and Pengo
Karnataka 2 Koraga and Kuruba
Andhra Pradesh 2 Gadaba and Naiki
Tamil Nadu 2 Kota and Toda
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mra and Na
Assam 2 Tai Nora and Tai Rong
Uttarakhand 1 Bangani
Jharkhand 1 Birhor
Maharashtra 1 Nihali
Meghalaya 1 Ruga
West Bengal 1 Toto

The Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages in India under a central scheme […]

Central Institute of Indian Languages (Official website): https://www.ciil.org

Source: International Mother Language Day: 42 Indian languages heading towards extinction, India Today, 21 February 2018
URL: https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/international-mother-language-day-42-indian-languages-heading-towards-extinction-1174384-2018-02-21
Date visited: 21 July 2020

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See also

Adivasi Academy & Museum of Adivasi Voice at Tejgadh | Lecture “A View of Higher Education in India”

Appropriate education for Adivasi children – the Vidyodaya School model at Gudalur

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