eBook | Decade of Indigenous Languages 2022-2032 – United Nations

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At least 40% of the 7,000 languages used worldwide are at some level of endangerment. Indigenous languages are particularly vulnerable because many of them are not taught at school or used in the public sphere. Next year, we will start another important milestone to advocate for indigenous cultures: the Decade of Indigenous Languages (2022 – 2032).

Source: International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples
9 August
URL: https://www.un.org/en/observances/indigenous-day
Date Visited: 3 January 2022

Upcoming Decade of Indigenous Languages (2022 – 2032) to focus on Indigenous language users’ human rights | Initiatives >>

Read or download the eBook titled “Los Pinos Declaration” (PDF, 1,2 MB): los_pinos_declaration_170720_en.pdf >>

Centrality of indigenous peoples – ‘Nothing for us without us’, according to the principle of self-determination; the right to use, develop, revitalize, and transmit languages orally and in written forms to future generations which reflect the insights and values of indigenous peoples, their identities and traditional knowledge systems and cultures; the equal treatment of indigenous languages with respect to other languages; and the effective and inclusive participation of indigenous peoples in consultation, planning and implementation of processes based on their free, prior and informed consent right from the start of any development initiative as well as the recognition of the specific barriers and challenges faced by indigenous women, whose identity, cultural traditions and forms of social organization enhance and strengthen the communities in which they live.

Source: “Los Pinos Declaration [Chapoltepek] – Making a Decade of Action for Indigenous Languages”: Outcome document of the High-level event ‘Making a Decade of Action for Indigenous Languages’ on the occasion of the closing of the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages
27-28 February 2020 Mexico City, Mexico
9 August
URL: https://en.unesco.org/sites/default/files/los_pinos_declaration_170720_en.pdf
Date Visited: 3 January 2022

Table of the number of endangered languages with the states that they are spoken in according to India Today | Learn more >>

Indian states No. of languages Endangered Languages
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 11 Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Onge, Pu, Sanenyo, Sentilese, Shompen and Takahanyilang
Manipur 7 Aimol, Aka, Koiren, Lamgang, Langrong, Purum and Tarao
Himachal Pradesh 4 Baghati, Handuri, Pangvali and Sirmaudi
Odisha 3 Manda, Parji and Pengo
Karnataka 2 Koraga and Kuruba
Andhra Pradesh 2 Gadaba and Naiki
Tamil Nadu 2 Kota and Toda
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mra and Na
Assam 2 Tai Nora and Tai Rong
Uttarakhand 1 Bangani
Jharkhand 1 Birhor
Maharashtra 1 Nihali
Meghalaya 1 Ruga
West Bengal 1 Toto

The Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages in India under a central scheme […]

Central Institute of Indian Languages (Official website): https://www.ciil.org

Source: International Mother Language Day: 42 Indian languages heading towards extinction, India Today, 21 February 2018
URL: https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/international-mother-language-day-42-indian-languages-heading-towards-extinction-1174384-2018-02-21
Date visited: 21 July 2020

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Tip: click on any red marker for details on endangered languages in a particular region of India. This map is bound to be incomplete as recent surveys in-depth studies on this subject have revealed. 

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