Census 2011 – Rural-Urban Distribution

Nearly 70 per cent of the country’s population lives in rural areas where, for the first time since independence, the overall growth rate of population has sharply declined, according to the latest Census.

Of the 121 crore Indians, 83.3 crore live in rural areas while 37.7 crore stay in urban areas, said the Census of India’s 2011 Provisional Population Totals of Rural-Urban Distribution in the country, released by Union Home Secretary R.K. Singh.

“For the first time since independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas than in rural areas. The rural-urban distribution is 68.84 per cent and 31.16 per cent respectively,” Registrar General of India and Census Commissioner C. Chandramouli said. […]

“The slowing down of the overall growth rate of population is due to the sharp decline in the growth rate in rural areas, while the growth rate in urban areas remains almost the same,” Mr. Chandramouli said. […]

Source: “New Delhi, July 15, 2011”, The Hindu : News / National : About 70 per cent Indians live in rural areas: Census report
Address : http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article2230211.ece
Date Visited: Thu Mar 29 2012 23:44:56 GMT+0200 (CEST)

Hezamara (Tripura), June 29 (IANS)

Independent India’s first census to determine the caste-wise breakup of the country’s 1.21 billion people was launched here Wednesday.

It was launched in this remote tribal dominated village, 45 km north of Tripura capital Agartala.”In the general census 2011 (Feb 9-28), people belonging to the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes have been counted. In the caste census, there would be four categories — scheduled tribe, scheduled caste, others and no caste,” Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India C. Chandramauli told IANS. […]

Source: Independent India’s first caste census kicks-off
Address : http://www.deccanherald.com/content/172352/independent-indias-first-caste-census.html
Date Visited: Thu Mar 29 2012 23:54:40 GMT+0200 (CEST)

India After Gandhi | More by
Ramachandra Guha >>

[…] In light of what has happened during the pandemic, even the entitled middle class has been having the conversation that perhaps, we have overdone the way we have been living. Because of the nature of work that I do, I travelled quite a lot before the lockdown, to the nooks and corners of the country. I have met different types of people and come across new realities which always astonish me. […]

What the peasant was telling me was, ‘A civilisation that does not look after soil is a doomed civilisation. We are on borrowed time, because we are not looking after our soil properly’. You can call it neo-liberalisation, corporatisation, fertilising or short-sighted irrigation policy, but, ultimately what is happening is that the soil is losing all its nourishment. Any civilisation that doesn’t understand this basic truth is going to face the grave danger of just not being able to survive any more. The day after this conversation, we were at a meeting in Jalgaon and there experts were talking about greater productivity through more chemicals into the soil and how we needed to increase the number of crops we grow. What they do not understand is that only four companies dominate 75 per cent of the global trade in grains and only 17 plant species (out of 3,00,000) are providing the human race 90 per cent of its food. That stayed with me — that we need to try to preserve the planet as it was. […]

Source: Playwright Ramu Ramanathan interviewed by Dipanita Nath in “I know people who have chosen to be silent, some out of fear and others just out of being deadened” (Indian Express, 28 October 2020)
URL: https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/pune/i-know-people-who-have-chosen-to-be-silent-some-out-of-fear-and-others-just-out-of-being-deadened-6902500/
Date visited: 22 February 2021

“The tribal food basket has always been ­diverse and nutritious, including maize, minor millets like kodo and kutki, oil seeds like ramtila, along with fruits, leaves, ­rhizomes, mushrooms, meat and fish. […] We have pushed them out of their complementary relationship with ecology, way of life and time-tested nutrition.” | Learn more >>

Movements of farmers and farm labourers […] are headed for serious trouble if they do not factor in the problems of climate change (which have already devastated agriculture in India); if they do not locate themselves in, and link their battles to, an agroecological approach.

P. Sainath in “We Didn’t Bleed Him Enough”: When Normal is the Problem (counterpunch.org, 12 August 2020, first published in Frontline magazine)

“Cover Your Country” by PARI: Rural people speak about their lives through photos, narratives, film, and audio materials | RuralIndiaOnline.org >>

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  1. Action for Community Organisation, Rehabilitation and Development (ACCORD) – https://www.accordweb.in
  2. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) – www.atree.org
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  4. Government of India (all websites ending on “.gov.in”)
  5. Shodhganga (a reservoir of Indian theses) – https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
  6. Survival International – www.survivalinternational.org
  7. Unesco – https://en.unesco.org
  8. Unicef – www.unicef.org
  9. United Nations – www.un.org/en
  10. Video Volunteers – www.videovolunteers.org

Watch “The Good Ancestor – The Legacies We Leave” (3 min.): An animation that explores the legacies we might leave for future generations >>

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