Forests have been the lifeline for tribals and other forest dwelling communities since distant past. Communities have been setting aside certain patches of land or forest dedicated to a deity or village God, protected and worshipped called Devachirai in Goa. […]
Address : http://mohan-pai.blogspot.com/
Date Visited: Sat Aug 27 2011 11:39:13 GMT+0200 (CEST)
Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic times
The earliest human settlement in the Western Ghats have been traced back to the Palaeolithic or the Old Stone Age period – over 10,000 years BC.
Stone tools were discovered from the river valleys of Bharatpuzha (Palghat district), Beypur (Malappuram district) and Netravathi basin (Dakshina Kannada district).
Palaeolithic artifacts have been found at Kibbanahalli (Mysore district), Lingadahalli and Kadur (Chickmagalur district) and Honnalli (Shimoga district). […]
Read the historical details and view the photographs on environmentalist Mohan Pai’s blog >>
Forest clearance was inevitable for farming and yet, there was an overwhelming belief in the sacredness of the woods. Secondary species and heavily savannized tracts were interspersed with lofty evergreen patches, the menasukans or pepper forests, where the people tended to the wild pepper. The relics of such kans occur to this day in Uttara Kannada and Shimoga. They were important tracts of pre-colonial forest conservation in the Western Ghats. Myriad relics of such groves, exist even today all over the Western Ghats. They may be called Devrai in Maharashtra, Devarkadu in Kodagu and Kavu in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, these forests in pre-colonial landscape, served many functions like the conservation of biodiversity and watershed, moderation of climate and promoted varied wildlife.
Source: The Western Ghats: Ecological Past
Address : http://westernghats-paimohan.blogspot.com/2008/07/ecological-pasr.html
Date Visited: Sat Aug 27 2011 11:35:07 GMT+0200 (CEST)
“From transforming barren lands into forests, to practicing planet-friendly organic farming in the backyards, the permaculture movement is led by youngsters who believe in reconnecting with the ancient roots and re-establishing a connect with nature.” – Babli Yadav (Mongabay-India) in India’s permaculture movement is being taken forward by young people >>
More about Biodiversity | Economy and development | Health and nutrition | Success stories | Women >>
The country has the highest number of Indigenous people in the world after Africa. As tribes uphold unique cultures, their preservation is vital at a time when a specific national cultural discourse is growing stronger.
In the light of extreme right-wing ideology dominating the nation, there is a need to explore the tribal consciousness in the backdrop of climate change, development, and deforestation.
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Nature is a reward in itself. It is there, to be understood, to be lived and loved. And in its way it gives us everything – the bounty and goodness of the earth, the sea, the sky. Food, water, the air we breathe. All the things we take for granted. […] Nature gives. And takes away. And gives again. – Ruskin Bond in The Book of Nature
Learn more about ecology, sacred groves and wildlife as part of India’s tribal cultural heritage | Find this book and related publications for study and leisure >>
- Atree.org | Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology & the Environment (posts)
- Biodiversity | Biodiversity hotspot | Hyderabad biodiversity pledge
- Climate change | Audio | The Climate Question (BBC Podcast)
- eBook | Background guide for education
- Ecology and environment | Eco tourism | Tourism | Wildlife tourism
- Environmental history and what makes for a civilization – Romila Thapar
- Equations blog (Equitable Tourism Options)
- Forest Rights Act (FRA) | Illegal mining | Legal rights over forest land
- Indigenous knowledge systems
- Information provided by Indian government agencies and other organizations (FAQ)
- Man animal conflict
- Nature and wildlife | Crocodile | Elephant | Tiger | Mangrove forest | Trees
- PARI’s tales from tiger territory | People’s Archive of Rural India (PARI)
- Revival of traditions
- Sacred grove
- Shola Trust | Nilgiri Biosphere
- Success story
- Western Ghats – tribal heritage & ecology
- Wildlife tourism
- What is the Forest Rights Act about?
Who is a forest dweller under this law, and who gets rights?