Welfare programmes and schools functioning under Tribal Welfare Department – Tamil Nadu

Toda cultural heritage and education: Nilgiri mountains >>

Scheduled Tribes of Tamilnadu
As per the census of 2011, the population of Tamil Nadu is 7.21 crore [72,1 million] of which Scheduled Castes (known as Adi Dravidar in Tamil Nadu) are 1.44 crore (20.01%) and Scheduled Tribes are 7.95 lakh [795.000] (1.10%). The mandate of this Department is to address the causes for their handicaps, backwardness and uplift them in socio, economic and education on par with the rest of the society. 

This department is concerned with overall policy formulation, planning and implementation of these welfare programmes reflecting the policies of the State Government for their accelerated growth in their socio-economic status, educational development and ensuring their sustained growth and social dignity. In order to ensure the all round development of the Adi Dravidar and Scheduled Tribes, this Government is implementing various welfare schemes for which a sum of Rs.3549.65 Crore has been provided in the Budget Estimate for the year 2018-2019. 

With the principal ideology that Education only can bring changes in the society, this Department lays great emphasis on the educational sector as a means to uplift and empower the Adi Dravidar and Scheduled Tribes. […]  

As per the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 1976, there are 36 Tribal community in Tamil Nadu. They are (1) Adiyan (2) Aranadan (3) Eravallan (4) Irular (5) Kadar (6) Kammara (7) Kanikaran or Kanikkar (8) Kaniyan or Kanyan (9) Kattunayakan (10)Kochu Velan (11) Konda Kapus (12) Kondareddis (13) Koraga (14) Kota, (15) Kudiya or Melakudi (16) Kurichchan (17) Kurumbas (18) Kurumans (19) Maha Malasar (20) Malai Arayan (21) Malai Pandaram (22) Malai Vedan (23) Malaikkuravan (24) Malasar (25) Malayali (26) Malayakandi (27) Mannan (28) Mudugar or Muduvan (29) Muthuvan (30) Pallayan (31) Palliyan (32) Palliyar (33) Paniyan (34) Sholaga (35) Toda** (36) Uraly
(*Kanniyakumari and Shenkottah Taluk of Tirunelveli District) 
(** Except Kanniyakumari and Shenkottah Taluk of Tirunelveli District) 
Out of the 36 Tribal communities in Tamilnadu, 6 Tribal Communities i.e. Toda, Kota, Kurumbas, Irular, Paniyan and Kattunayakan are classified as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). 
1. Education (i) Schools 
In order to improve the literacy of Tribal people through education, this Department has established and is running Residential schools near their habitations. 

Details of schools functioning under Tribal Welfare Department and students strength

Sl. No.Classification of SchoolsNo. of SchoolsNo. of Students
1Government Tribal Residential School (GTR)30826,388
2Eklavya Model Residential School (EMRS)71,553

Source: POLICY NOTE 2018 – 2019  by ADI DRAVIDAR AND TRIBAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT Scheduled Tribes of Tamilnadu (pp. 1-2, Introduction and pp. 55-56)
URL: http://cms.tn.gov.in/sites/default/files/documents/adtw_e_pn_2018-19.pdf
Date visited: 12 July 2019

[Bold typeface added above for emphasis]

Objective of EMRS (“Eklavya Model Residential Schools”)
[Peruse the government guidelines here or in the 2010 backup included below]

i. Comprehensive physical, mental and socially relevant development of all students enrolled in each and every EMRS. Students will be empowered to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a large context.

ii. Focus differentially on the educational support to be made available to those in Standards XI to X, so that their distinctive needs can be met.

iii. Support the annual running expenses in a manner that offers reasonable remuneration to the staff and upkeep of the facilities.

iv. Support the construction of infrastructure that provides education, physical, environmental and cultural needs of student life. […]

URL: https://tribal.gov.in/DivisionsFiles/sg/EMRSguidlines.pdf
Date visited: 30 Jul7 2021

Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools >>

‘Kaathadi’ is a YouTube channel collectively built by students and teachers from the tribal communities in the Nilgiris

The full story with more pictures | New Indian Express >>

To peruse related documents published by government agencies and NGOs, click here >>

Reports in the Indian press | List of periodicals included in this search >>

Find up-to-date information provided by, for and about Indian authors, researchers, officials, and educatorsMore search options >>
Search tips: in the search field seen here, type the name of any tribal (Adivasi) community, region, state or language; add keywords of special interest (childhood, language, sacred grove, tribal education, women); consider rights to which Scheduled Tribes are entitled (FRA Forest Rights Act, protection from illegal mining, UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, right to education, Universal Declaration of Human Rights); specify any other issue or news item you want to learn more about (biodiversity, climate change, ecology, economic development, ethnobotany, ethnomedicine, global warming, health, nutrition and malnutrition, rural poverty)

Tips for using interactive maps

  1. toggle to normal view (from reader view) should the interactive map not be displayed by your tablet, smartphone or pc browser
  2. for details and hyperlinks click on the rectangular button (left on the map’s header)
  3. scroll and click on one of the markers for information of special interest
  4. explore India’s tribal cultural heritage with the help of another interactive map >>

About website administrator

Secretary, Tribal Cultural Heritage in India Foundation (2010-2022)
This entry was posted in Community facilities, eBook eJournal ePaper, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Figures, census and other statistics, Government of India, Names and communities, Nilgiri Biosphere, Organizations, Quotes, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Southern region – Southern Zonal Council and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.