Revitalizing community based health care system: the Rashtriya Guni Mission – Rajasthan


Rastriya Guni Mission (RGM) trust has been working in the domain of Traditional System of Medicine (TSM) since past 13 years. In order to fulfill its mandate of conservation and promotion of TSM, the trust has discovered and identified more than 1300 gunis in 8 states of India and is now working to re-establish and build capacities of these gunis. With a broad view of spreading the Traditional Knowledge Systmem (TKS) to the wider community, RGM has initiated a 15 days Training Course so that more and more people may become aware of TKS in a manner such that the trainees are able to play their valuable role in the sustainable coinservation and revitalization of Indian TSM

This program is offered to people,students, youth, Man, women, Families etc with an interest in traditional medicine system . The program explores ancient Indian methods for healing  (Guni) tradition and maintaining good health.

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Date Visited: Wed Jul 25 2012 18:35:19 GMT+0200 (CEST)

Rashtriya Guni Mission

Rashtriya Guni Mission (RGM) has been working in 8 Northern state of India in the domain of traditional health system. It was established on 2nd march 1998 in Udaipur (Rajasthan). From 1998 to 2006 it has been working for conservation and promotion of traditional health systems as oral institution/ organization. It was legally registered under the National Trust Act 1882/ Registration No. 1863 from New Delhi /Date 21-2-2006 for its operation.
All the people involved with RGM have been active in their area for work of promotion of traditional health system. The aim of RGM activities is to strengthen the traditional health systems and its Practitioners (Guni), develop community’s mentality towards traditional health systems, medicinal plants conservation, promote and aware the traditional community knowledge at local level and to inform community importance of knowledge.

Who are the Gunis?

Gunis do not practice any discrimination on basis of caste, religion, etc. They treat the patients either free of cost or at very nominal charges. They deem their skill and knowledge as social service and make no efforts to earn profit out of it. Gunis have full information about the name, identity, quantity and quality of medicinal plants and they acquire knowledge only through Guru – Shishya Parampara. Some exceptional Gunis gain expertise after long years of experiments and practice.

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Date Visited: Wed Jul 25 2012 18:27:57 GMT+0200 (CEST)

RGM Goal:

The goal is to provide low cost, easily accessible and effective health services by protection and promotion of Traditional Medicine System at the same time enabling biodiversity conservation by promoting Traditional Knowledge. […]

The Gunis make efforts to provide traditional health services and to empower the Traditional System of Medicine at local level. […]

Mission is supported by an advisory team of highly qualified experts in the fields of health, development, social and legal aspects. This team provides guidance to make the Mission’s management effective and also supports us to carry forward various TSM issues to state as well as national level. […]

RGM Objectives:

  • To develop and revitalize community based health care system.
  • To promote sustainable conservation and identification of medicinal plants and provide scientific base for validation of traditional health care practices.
  • To re-organize the traditional knowledge and methods and re-establish them at community level
  • To cater maximum health needs at community level on the basis of community initiative and traditional methods

These practitioners are known by different names at different places in India such as Vaidu, Vaidhyaraj, Amchis, Gaitas. Uche and Danga Bhagat. But by different literature in the world they are called as tribal doctors, bare footed doctors, herbal doctors, tribal medicine man (TMM), herbalist, folk healers, and folk and laymen practitioners.

The international organizations such as WHO, IUCN and WWF has recognized them as traditional health practitioners (THPs).

  • Guni have knowledge of all the parts and uses of medicinal plants.
  • Guni knows in where the medicinal plants grow, in which season they grow and what environment the plants require. Together with this they also have knowledge how to grow and harvest medicinal plants.
  • Guni have knowledge of which part of plants to use and for which disease.
  • Guni can identify symptoms of disease and also in which season it occurs.
  • They have quality of preparing medicines, packing and preserving.
  • They have knowledge about the quantity of medicine to be taken of various diseases.

Address :
Date Visited: Wed Jul 25 2012 18:21:40 GMT+0200 (CEST)


Rashtriya Guni Mission 6, Shantivan, Near Alok School.
Udaipur (Raj.) 313011

Tel:+919414155709,+919414161321        +918875089354, +919983766130

Email:   Website:

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Date Visited: Wed Jul 25 2012 18:24:43 GMT+0200 (CEST)

“It was assumed that tribal people have same health problems, similar needs and hence the uniform national pattern of rural health care would be applicable to them as well, albeit with some alteration in population: provider ratio. The different terrain and environment in which they live, different social systems, different culture and hence different health care needs were not addressed.”– Abhay Bang, Chairman, Expert Committee on Tribal health (2018 Report of the Expert Committee on Tribal Health)

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