It is no coincidence that 80 percent of the earth’s biodiversity is found on Indigenous lands. It is because of Indigenous people’s stewardship and relationship with the environment. | Read the full text here: https://www.culturalsurvival.org/issues >>
However, governments in Indigenous Peoples’ homelands and multinational corporations too often violate Indigenous Peoples’ rights by operating in their territories without their Free, Prior and Informed Consent… Often culturally, linguistically and geographically separate from mainstream cultures, Indigenous Peoples lack the financial resources and access to decision-making platforms to demand a voice at the table and ensure that their best interests are represented. Indigenous Peoples, having exhausted avenues in seeking justice and protection of their rights at the national level, can choose to seek international pressure and attention to their plights.
Called Tribal Peoples, First Peoples, Native Peoples, and Indigenous Peoples, these original inhabitants call themselves by many names in their 4,000 + unique languages and constitute about 5% of the world’s population.
There are approximately 370 million Indigenous people in the world, belonging to 5,000 different groups, in 90 countries worldwide. Indigenous people live in every region of the world, but about 70% of them live in Asia.
There is no universally accepted definition for “Indigenous,” though there are characteristics that tend to be common among Indigenous Peoples:
Indigenous People are distinct populations relative to the dominant post-colonial culture of their country. They are often minority populations within the current post-colonial nations states. In Bolivia and Guatemala Indigenous people make up more than half the population.
Indigenous People usually have (or had) their own language, cultures, and traditions influenced by living relationships with their ancestral homelands. Today, Indigenous people speak some 4,000 languages.
Indigenous People have distinctive cultural traditions that are still practiced.
Indigenous People have (or had) their own land and territory, to which they are tied in myriad ways.
Indigenous People self-identify as Indigenous.
Examples of Indigenous Peoples include the Inuit of the Arctic, the White Mountain Apache of Arizona, the Yanomami and the Tupi People of the Amazon, traditional pastoralists like the Maasai in East Africa, and tribal peoples like the Bontoc people of the mountainous region of the Philippines. […]
Indigenous Peoples and the Environment
It is estimated that Indigenous territories contain 80 percent of the earth’s biodiversity. Indigenous lands also hold unquantified megatons of sequestered carbon as 11% of the planet’s forests are under their guardianship. These regions face an unprecedented and rapid loss of biodiversity and climate change effects resulting from the fossil fuel-based industrialized global economy and natural resource extraction. Many traditional Indigenous lands have become biodiversity “hotspots.” For Indigenous Peoples, conservation of biodiversity is an integral part of their lives and is viewed as spiritual and functional foundations for their identities and cultures. It is no coincidence that when the World Wildlife Fund listed the top 200 areas with the highest and most threatened biodiversity, they found that 95 percent are on Indigenous territories. […]
Cultural Survival advocates for Indigenous Peoples’ rights and supports Indigenous communities’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience, since 1972.
Cultural Survival envisions a future that respects and honors Indigenous Peoples’ inherent rights and dynamic cultures, deeply and richly interwoven in lands, languages, spiritual traditions, and artistic expression, rooted in self-determination and self-governance.
Date accessed: 19 October 2018
- Continents & countries
Africa | America & National Museum of the American Indian
Australia | Canada | Japan | New Zealand | Scandinavia
Tribal culture worldwide
- Regions of India – Tribal heritage & indigenous knowledge
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Seven Sister States & Sikkim – North Eastern Council
Western Ghats – tribal heritage & ecology
- Government of India
Accountability | Adverse inclusion | Assimilation | Illegal mining | Land rights
Democracy | Constitution and Supreme Court
Childhood | Childrens rights: UNICEF India | Residential school | Safe search
Education | Boarding school
Forest Rights Act (FRA) | Legal rights over forest land | Vanavasi
Human Rights Commission (posts) | www.nhrc.nic.in (Government of India)
Particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVT) | Rural poverty
Respect for tribal culture
Tribal freedom fighters
Who are Scheduled Tribes? (National Commission for Scheduled Tribes)
- NGOs & United Nations
ACCORD – Action for Community Organisation, Rehabilitation and Development
Atree.org | Community facilities | Freedomunited.org
People’s Archive of Rural India (PARI)
International Days and Weeks (UN) | Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN)
Shola Trust | Survivalinternational.org | Videovolunteers
“Adivasi”, “Tribals” and “Denotified tribes”: Usage in legal and historical records, in textbooks, scholarly papers and the media – Classifications in different states
Biodiversity | Ethnobotany & ethnomedicine | Hyderabad biodiversity pledge
Books published in India
Casteism and its effect on tribal communities | Customs
Colonial policies | History | Hul (Santal rebellion 1855-1856)
De- and re-tribalization | Globalization | Media portrayal | Misconceptions | Modernity
eBook | Background guide for education
eJournals, eBooks & reports | eLearning: Center for World Indigenous Studies
Forest dwellers in early India – myths and ecology in historical perspective by Romila Thapar
Environmental history and what makes for a civilization by Romila Thapar
Jawaharlal Nehru’s “five principles” for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals
Revival of traditions | Sacred grove | Storytelling | Success story | Tribal elders
Tribal history covered in “India After Gandhi” by Ramachandra Guha
Water and development – India’s tribal communities
Eco tourism | Nature and wildlife | Tourism