Indigenous knowledge for sustainable development and food security: United Nations recognizes India’s “Globally Important Agriculture Heritage Systems” – Odisha and Kerala

Jyotika Sood  @Jyotika_Sood Date:Jan 4, 2012 | Read the full report here >>

Indigenous knowledge and farming practices of the region’s tribal people recognised for promoting food security and conserving biodiversity

Traditional farming systems in India have received a major boost at a time when Indian agriculture is struggling to come to terms with modern technologies. The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations has accorded the status of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) to the traditional agricultural system being practiced in Koraput region of Odisha.

Source: UN heritage status for Odisha’s Koraput farming system | Down To Earth
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2012-2013 Twenty-Third Annual Report by the Centre for research on sustainable agricultural and rural development, Chennai  | Read the full report here >>

p. 6
Based on detailed documentation prepared by MSSRF on the unique characteristics of the Below Sea Level Farming System in the Kuttanad region of Kerala, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has recognised this as one of the Globally Important Agriculture Heritage Systems (GIAHS) at its annual meeting held in Japan in May 2013. This system provides an outstanding contribution to promoting food security, biodiversity, indigenous knowledge and cultural diversity for sustainable and equitable development. It is also pertinent to mention that the Traditional Agriculture System of Koraput, Odisha was declared as a GIAHS site last year, based on similar efforts made by MSSRF [M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation].

p. 121
Integrated Farming System

The Integrated Farming System (IFS) project was implemented to enhance agricultural production through optimal utilisation of resources for enhancing incomes of small and marginal farmers of the Koraput region. The project looked at strengthening and diversifying on-farm livelihoods through integrating crops and allied activities, utilising water for off- season crops and establishment of grass-roots institutions for self-reliance. A baseline survey was conducted in 6 villages with 326 households consisting of 72.3 per cent of Scheduled Tribe communities such as Paroja, Bhumia and Gadaba, and the rest of Rana, an OBC category. Income and literacy levels are quite low. Being rain-fed, the area utilised only 14.8 ha during rabi as against the 234.9 ha sown during kharif. […]

M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation
III Cross Road
Institutional Area
Chennai 600 113, India

Source: AR2012-2013_0.pdf
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