The Shola Trust Gudalur – Tamil Nadu

NGO Profile – Sanctuary Asiamagazine

February 2011: In Gudalar, at the edge of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, a small committed group of volunteers work to protect India’s shola forests – a mosaic of montane evergreen forests and grasslands found only at high altitude (more than 1,500 m. above mean sea level) regions within the tropics.
In India, shola forests are limited to the southern Western Ghats and are under increasing anthropogenic pressure. These undulating grassland patches interspersed with thickets of stunted evergreen tree species are home to a host of endemic and endangered flora and fauna but have received little protection as they have no timber value.  The key goal of the Shola Trust, as the name suggests, is to ensure that these vital wildernesses survive the onslaught of monocultures and expanding cities.

One of the ways the Trust achieves this is by buying patches of privately owned patches of shola forests, particularly those that fall in the corridor and buffer zones of larger reserves to prevent them from being ‘developed’. […]

Its youth group, CAN (Children Act for Nature) Clubs, organises nature trails, movie screenings and a wide range of activities for kids.
The Shola Trust’s biochar and lantana projects are other excellent examples of community conservation that could easily be replicated around the country. Terra Preta, the most fertile soil in the world found in the Amazon basin, was created by indigenous people about 5,000 years ago by burning biomass in low oxygen conditions (called pyrolysis), mixing the resulting matter with organic waste to make biochar which was then buried in the soil to increase fertility. […]

Secondly, the Trust works at a regional level, tackling the problem of lantana – an invasive weed that is choking many of India’s forests – by using the weed as raw material for biochar. To further promote the use of lantana, the Trust, in association with ATREE, the Tamil Nadu Forest Department and the Adivasi Munnetra Sangam has been helping adivasi communities make lantana furniture. This serves the dual purpose of giving them an alternative source of livelihood and weaning them of forest dependency and the waste matter from the furniture making is used in the biochar initiative. The model also ensures that the furniture is sold directly in the market, removing middlemen and allowing all the proceeds to reach the communities. […]

The Shola Trust has opened an animal rescue centre in Gudalur to help treat injured snakes and other wildlife found in human habitation. Once recovered, they are released back into the wild. The centre also doubles as an education hub and classroom sessions on conservation and other programmes are held at the facility. Research is an important part of the organisation’s work and it supports scientific studies and projects in the region as well as acts as the secretariat for the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (NBR) Alliance ( The NBR Alliance is an effective pressure group for sustainable development and conservation, coming together when ‘development’ projects threaten this fragile landscape.

The Shola Trust is currently working on a new initiative to promote ecotourism. Its pilot project is being set up in the Madhuvana estate which is owned by the Adivasi Munnetra Sangam and lies on the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, next to Devala. The 175 acre farm comprises a tea, coffee and cardamom plantation and also a private forest from where traditional medicinal plants are harvested. The goal is to develop it as an education centre, completely powered by renewable energy where nature trails, programmes on medicinal plants and other activities can be held. […]

It has been able to revolutionise conservation in Gudalur and its work is a stellar example of how a small organisation comprising locals can come up with innovative and sustainable solutions to aid ecosystem protection and win the support of surrounding communities.

27th Mile, Ooty Road, Gudalur, the Nilgiris,
Tamil Nadu – 643211, India.

Source: The Shola Trust
Address :
Date Visited: Tue Feb 05 2013 01:22:02 GMT+0100 (CET)

Sanctuary Asia, India’s leading wildlife, conservation and environment magazine, was started by Editor Bittu Sahgal in 1981 to raise awareness among Indians of their disappearing natural heritage. The overwhelming response to the magazine led to the birth of Sanctuary Cub, a children’s nature magazine, in 1984 and to The Ecologist Asia (Indian edition of The Ecologist, U.K.) a journal dedicated to the issues of the environment, development and human rights, in 1993.

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Date Visited: Tue Feb 05 2013 01:17:30 GMT+0100 (CET)

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Adivasi communities traditionally depended on the forest for all their nutritional needs. They subsisted mainly on fruits, vegetables, tubers, fish, small game as well as the occasional crop they grew, predominantly coarse grains. However, as time passed and the nature of, as well as their access to, forests changed, their diet started becoming deficient. […]

This deficiency started manifesting in the form of rampant malnutrition, among adults and children alike, underweight babies as well as high maternal mortality [and] increased susceptibility to Tuberculosis among the Adivasis.

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