Dalits and Adivasis were equal partners in nation-building – Ramachandra Guha

Deccan Herald, Tuesday 13 November 2012

What’s holding India back? What stops India from becoming a 21st century superpower? There are ten reasons, according to author-historian, social analyst and teacher Ramachandra Guha. […]

“Adivasis do not have an effective political voice, unlike the Dalits whose voices are represented in the public domain. Adivasis in the hills and the forests have lost their land and health and have been displaced by development projects,” Guha said.

He added that tribals comprised only 15-20 percent of the country’s population.

“In states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, the Dalits formed 25 percent of the population. While tribal votes mattered in 50-60 constituencies, Dalit votes played a part in nearly 300 constituencies. However, historically Dalits and Adivasis were equal partners in nation-building,” Guha said.

The unrest, coupled with corruption in the centre, compounded the situation, he analysed. […]

“In states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, the Dalits formed 25 percent of the population. While tribal votes mattered in 50-60 constituencies, Dalit votes played a part in nearly 300 constituencies. However, historically Dalits and Adivasis were equal partners in nation-building,” Guha said. […]

Along with this chasm between rich and poor is the problem of environmental degradation. “Irrational water pricing has led to rampant exploitation and depletion of ground water. The soil has been contaminated by chemicals and the air is polluted.”

Source: Ramachandra Guha finds ten reasons that are holding India back
Address : http://www.deccanherald.com/content/13669/ramachandra-guha-finds-ten-reasons.html
Date Visited: Tue Nov 13 2012 19:14:54 GMT+0100 (CET)

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