Audio | Cylinder Recordings – Nagaland

Angamis of Khonoma and Mozemi 1921 © Hutton collection Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford | Enlarge and more details | Learn more >>

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This research project, led by Dr. Christian Poske, is a collaborative effort involving the Pitt Rivers Museum, the Archives and Research Center for Ethnomusicology (ARCE), and the Highland Institute in Kohima, targeting the recirculation of the cylinder recordings of John Henry Hutton (1885-1968) in Nagaland. | Learn more >>

Source: “Recirculating sound recordings in NE India”
Date Visited: 19 March 2022

Hutton was a British colonial administrator and anthropologist working for the Indian Civil Service from 1909 to 1936 in the Assam province, which incorporated the territory of Nagaland of present-day India. During his early service, he made fifteen cylinder recordings (*) in the Nagaland region, featuring ritual songs, work songs, and other pieces performed by members of different Naga communities. Hutton donated the cylinders to the Pitt Rivers Museum between 1915-19. Only twelve of the fifteen cylinder recordings were copied to reel-to-reel tape at the National Sound Archive in London in 1987, as sound engineers found three cylinders irreparably broken. Today, the fifteen cylinders are at the Pitt Rivers Museum, and a selection of the twelve digitized recordings are accessible on its website for listening.| Learn more >>

(*) The Hutton collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum actually comprises 14 cylinders; the project blogs will be updated soon. Email by Christian Poske, 23.4.2022.
Source: “Recirculating J. H. Hutton’s Cylinder Recordings in Nagaland” by Dr. Christian Poske
Date Visited: 19 March 2022

John Henry Hutton (1885–1968) was born in Yorkshire and educated at Worcester College, Oxford. In 1909 he joined the Indian Civil Service and spent most of his administrative career in Assam, on the border between India and Burma, particularly in the Naga Hills, where he worked as both a Political Officer and Deputy Commissioner. […]

Hutton was a prolific collector of Naga material culture, much of which was donated to the Pitt Rivers Museum, along with a significant collection of photographs. He also published several books on different Naga groups, such as the Angami and Sema. […]

The Recordings

Hutton’s collection of 15 wax cylinders were all recorded during his fieldwork in the Naga Hills, Assam, India between 1914 and 1916. They include examples of songs from the Angami, the Chang, the Sangtam, the Sema and the Lhota Naga. Twelve of the 15 cylinders were digitised by engineers at the British Library in 1987, and three cylinders were broken and could not be transferred. The collection includes several different types of song, including wedding songs, songs sung for sacrifice after a harvest festival, and courting songs sung by a quartette of men and women. Hutton’s documentation for several of the songs includes full lyrics in Naga and named individual singers.| Learn more >>

Source: “The John Henry Hutton Archive”
Date Visited: 19 March 2022

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Illustration (detail) © Vipin Sketchplore (The Wire, 11 July 2021) >>

As the mighty river flows, so does the natural music of the pain of environmental change. […] Songs have always chronicled social, political, historic, geographical, cultural and environmental change. Many popular singers have responded to the climate crisis. | The Changing Climate In The Songs Of The Brahmaputra (The Wire) | United Nations on climate change >> >>

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Learn more about India’s eight North Eastern states: The “Seven Sister States” & Sikkim

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Assam
  3. Manipur
  4. Meghalaya
  5. Mizoram
  6. Nagaland
  7. Tripura
  8. Sikkim