In Rayagada in Odisha, Kondh parents distinguish between dangar patha (mountain learning) and kagaj patha (paper learning). Asked which they prefer, many parents answer ‘both’. This expresses a need deeply felt by Adivasis: literacy, with fluency in the regional language or English, is important; but so is respect for native languages and knowledge systems linked to the land and forest.
Source: Felix Padel & Malvika Gupta in “Are mega residential schools wiping out India’s Adivasi culture?”, The Hindu (13 February 2021)
Date visited: 2 March 2021
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