The Bengal tiger, or Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), is a subspecies of tiger native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. The Bengal tiger is the most numerous of the tiger subspecies — with populations estimated at 1,411 in India, 200 in Bangladesh, 155 in Nepal and 67–81 in Bhutan.
The Bengal tiger has been a national symbol of India since about the 25th century BCE when it was displayed on the Pashupati seal of the Indus Valley Civilisation.The tiger was later the symbol of the Chola Empire from 300 CE to 1279 CE and is now designated as the official animal of India.
The most significant immediate threat to the existence of wild tiger populations is the illegal trade in poached skins and body parts between India, Nepal and China.
Source: Flora – Fauna on stamps: Animals of India–Indipex 2011
Address : https://florafaunaonstamp.blogspot.com/2011/02/animals-of-indiaindipex-2011.html
Date Visited: 19 July 2020
The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India. Out of eight races of the species known, the Indian race, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is found throughout the country except in the north-western region and also in the neighbouring countries, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. To check the dwindling population of tigers in India, ‘Project Tiger’ was launched in April 1973. So far, 27 tiger reserves have been established in the country under this project, covering an area of 37,761 sq km.
Source: National Animal – National Symbols – Know India: National Portal of India
Address : https://india.gov.in/knowindia/national_animal.php
Date Visited: Sat Sep 03 2011 14:39:02 GMT+0200 (CEST)
A total of 18 tiger range States, distributed in five landscapes of the country would be benefitted under the Project Tiger scheme. […] The schemes would address the human wildlife conflict effectively. […] It will generate direct employment of about 30 lakh mandays annually which shall include many local tribes besides non-tribal local workforce.
Sourece: Government of India’s Umbrella Scheme of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats beyond 12th Plan (Press Information Bureau, 5 September 2018)
Date Visited: 19 July 2020
Research the above issues with the help of Shodhganga: A reservoir of theses from universities all over India, made available under Open Access >>
When your neighbour is a tiger | People’s Archive of Rural India
People living near or within the forest in the Bandipur National Park and the Sundarbans revere as well as fear the tiger. Their proximity to tigers, leopards, crocodiles and other big animals often causes violent confrontations, but it has also inspired myths and conservation. Here are PARI’s tales from tiger territory >>
- Ashoka Trust (Atree.org)
- Biodiversity Act | Biodiversity hotspot
- Ecology and environment
- Eco tourism | Tourism | Wildlife tourism
- Environmental history and what makes for a civilization – Romila Thapar
- Equations blog
- Forest Rights Act (FRA)
- Indigenous knowledge systems
- Information provided by Indian government agencies and other organizations (FAQ)
- Man animal conflict
- Nature and wildlife | Crocodile | Elephant | Tiger | Mangrove forest | Trees
- When your neighbour is a tiger: PARI’s tales from tiger territory
- Revival of traditions
- Sacred grove
- Shola Trust
- Success story
- Western Ghats – tribal heritage & ecology
- Wildlife tourism
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