Education as a means of Entrepreneurial Exploration: A Multiple Case Study Approach among the Tribes of Odisha – “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference)

Dr. Ivy Imogene Hansdak

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Abstract 6: Education as a means of Entrepreneurial Exploration: A Multiple Case Study Approach among the Tribes of Odisha

Paper presented for “Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative” (National Conference) – New Delhi


Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai


Education has been debated as a tool to achieve holistic sustainable development of a society. When it comes to marginalised sections of the society its implication becomes more essential.  Indian tribes are also the marginalised section of the Indian society.  Traditionally they had been living in a sustainable ecosystem with their own socio-economic and cultural set up. The tribal lifestyle and ecosystem have been thoroughly disturbed since the time of the impingement of outsiders during the colonial period and mainly after independence. In the name of development and globalisation the exploitation has increased. A lot of programmes and policies have been implemented for the development of the tribals. Education being an essential means of development has also been promoted among the tribes.  Various studies show high school dropout cases among the tribals, but there are tribals who have been able to have secondary, higher secondary and higher education paving way for many employment and livelihood opportunities. Many tribals have even been able to access vocational training programme. Education has also helped them in gaining access to various credit facilities to start with various employment opportunities.

This paper is intending to explore the rural tribals usability of the formal and informal education in exploring entrepreneurial ventures. The study has been done in north-western part of India. A multiple case study approach has been used to understand in depth about the journey of the selected rural tribal entrepreneurs. In this 4 in-depth cases have been explored of tribal individuals having entrepreneurial activities. The study discusses about the formal and informal education and its knowledge that has been used in accessing credit under the Government programmes and applying the knowledge in technical and managerial aspect of their business practices.

BIONOTE: Bidyut Suman Ekka is currently pursuing her PhD at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. She may be contacted at the email ID:

Source: Book of Abstracts for the ICSSR-sponsored Two-Day National Conference Tribes In Transition-II: Reaffirming Indigenous Identity Through Narrative organised by The Department of English & Outreach Programme Jamia Millia Islamia (New Delhi, 27-28 February 2017)

Courtesy Dr. Ivy Hansdak, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Jamia Millia Islamia University New Delhi (email 4 October 2017)
The Johar Journal
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