Understanding elephant behaviour in order to reduce man-animal conflict: Training camp on biodiversity in the Western Ghats – Tamil Nadu

A one-day training camp on biodiversity was held for college students at the Forestry Extension Centre at Aralvaimozhi recently.

In his presentation on man-animal conflict, environmental educator S.S. Davidson said that elephant was a social animal that lived in herds.

“It is a matriarchal society where the oldest female is the herd leader and the adult males are solitary. ‘Makhna is the tusk-less male elephant. Each adult animal consumes 200 to 250 kg of fodder and drinks 150 to 200 litres of water. It is an extraordinary animal. It can differentiate between 14 to 16 herds and smell a water source more than 15 km away. Its foot can detect seismic vibrations,” Mr. Davidson said.

“Elephants play a key role in forest ecology through seed dispersal. Its dung is a good organic manure for the forest flora. Man-elephant conflict occurred owing to human population stress in forests and its fringes, habitat loss, attractive domestic crops in the forest peripheries, encroachments of elephant corridors and forest fragmentation,” he said. […]

Source: Students learn about behaviour of elephants – The Hindu, NAGERCOIL, December 10, 2013
Address : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/students-learn-about-behaviour-of-elephants/article5442728.ece
Date Visited: Tue Dec 17 2013 20:18:06 GMT+0100 (CET)

Kani tribe uses age-old techniques to good effect
To successfully chase wild animals back into forest

P. S. Suresh Kumar
At a time when the Forest Department is using various methods such as erection of solar fence to prevent wild animals from entering villages and raid crops, Kani tribe in the Western Ghats of Kanyakumari district follow age-old techniques to good effect.

Madhavan Kani of Padupparai Kani settlement says the techniques are passed on from one generation to the next. He says they have developed tools using bamboo and wood to chase animals back into the forest before they raid agricultural crops. They use ‘stone bow’ — a bamboo bow with two strings — using which they shoot stones instead of an arrow to chase animals such as monkeys, langurs, squirrels and birds that may destroy their crops.

They also use ‘Kulikkai,’ made of bamboo. It is two-feet long. A wooden stick is kept in place in the middle cross-wise using a rope. When the tool is moved left and right, the wooden piece in the middle strikes on the hollow bamboo and creates noise. On hearing this noise, animals get scared and leave the fields.

Another tool of the Kani tribe is ‘adi-udukkai.’ It is made from a two-feet-long bamboo piece. A slit is made in the bamboo for half an inch where the slit portion remains as a separate piece, but remains attached to the major piece at one end. When the bamboo is shaken upwards and downwards, the slit portion strikes at the major piece, the vibration of which creates noise to scare away animals from their fields. This tool is used during daytime to scare away squirrels, monkeys, and birds. At night, it is used to drive away wild boars and small nocturnal animals.

Chathan Kani of Velampi kani tribe settlement says four to five feet deep trenches are dug to prevent elephants from entering agricultural fields. Because of its large size, an elephant cannot step down into a narrow and deep trench and come out of it, he says.

Source: “Kani tribe uses age-old techniques to good effect”, The Hindu, 4 May 2014
URL: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/kani-tribe-uses-ageold-techniques-to-good-effect/article5975207.ece
Date visited: 26 April 2020

[Bold typeface added above for emphasis]

Photographs courtesy Davidson Sargunam © 2013

More posts contributed by Davidson Sargunam >>

For inquiries on environmental exposure programs, please contact
Davidson Sargunam
Environmental Educationist
M: 09994138550
email: ssdavidson9@gmail.com

Tribal Foundation
23, Cave Street, Duthie School Road
Nagercoil – 629 001
Tamil Nadu
Reg. No: 1116/2009

  • for a list of periodicals included per search, please check below or here >>
  • to search Indian magazines, web portals and other sources safely, click here >>

Technical support | No Google Custom Search window or media contents visible on this page? Then try these steps: (1) switch from “Reader” to regular viewing; (2) in your browser’s Security settings select “Enable JavaScript”; (3) check Google support for browsers and devices. More tips >>

Find recent press reports on India’s tribal cultural heritage on this page or click here for viewing the search window along with a list of the periodicals included in your search. To search Indian magazines, web portals and other sources safely, click here >>

Research the above issues with the help of Shodhganga: A reservoir of theses from universities all over India, made available under Open Access >>

Tips for using interactive maps

  1. Toggle to normal view (from reader view) should the interactive map not be displayed by your tablet, smartphone or pc browser
  2. for more details (some with hyperlinks), click on the map button seen on the left top
  3. scroll and click on one of the markers for information of special interest
  4. explore India’s tribal cultural heritage with the help of another interactive map >>

About website administrator

Secretary of the foundation
This entry was posted in Ecology and environment, Education and literacy, Elephant, Nature and wildlife, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Southern region, Western Ghats - tribal heritage & ecology. Bookmark the permalink.