Category Archives: Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools

1. Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya): the name of a legendary archer prodigy “who, being a Nishada [Sanskrit Niṣāda, “tribal, hunter, mountaineer, degraded person, outcast”], had to give his thumb as a fee to the brahmin guru thus terminating his skill as an archer.” – Romila Thapar (Emeritus Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University) in “The epic of the Bharatas” (India Seminar 2010)
http://www.india-seminar.com/2010/608/608_romila_thapar.htm
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=26432
2. “Ekalavya Residential School Scheme”: a network of boarding schools where tribal children are to be educated in accordance with rules and syllabi provided by the government; such schools are being designated as “Eklavya Model Residential School (EMR)” with the objective of empowering students “to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a large context.”
https://tribal.gov.in/DivisionsFiles/sg/EMRSguidlines.pdf
3. In some regions there are similar “Residential Schools” and “Ashram Schools” for tribal children, as in Tripura where they are managed by a society called “Tripura Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TTWREIS)”
https://twd.tripura.gov.in/tripura-tribal-welfare-residential-educational-institutions-society
4. Factory schools “exist to turn tribal and indigenous children – who have their own language and culture – into compliant workers-of-the-future. The world’s largest Factory School stated that it turns ‘Tax consumers into tax payers, liabilities into assets’.” – Survival International
https://survivalinternational.org/factoryschools
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=34514

“Their parents sent these children, belonging to the most marginalised segment of Indian society, to these schools in the hope that education would liberate them from poverty and want. […] There are no easy answers to how and how fast tribal communities join the mainstream. Taking their brightest children out of their homes and away from their culture, only to maim or kill them, is certainly not one of them.” – The Economic Times (Commentary, 19 April 2016)
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/blogs/et-commentary/schools-for-tribal-kids-or-for-horror/
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=29790

“If Adivasis were to start writing their own Discovery Of India, it would be something like this: [T]hey could not destroy us. They knew us as Nishada and Naga; they called us Rakshasa, they burned the forests to destroy us and free the land to fashion their agrarian society stamped with the hierarchy of caste. They were the ones who remembered us as their enemies. Ekalavya was one of our great archers, so skillful that the hero of the Aryans, Arjun, could not stand before him. But they assaulted him, cutting his thumb, destroying his ability to fight – and then fashioned a story in which he accepted Drona as his Guru and agreed to surrender his thumb!” – Gail Omvedt in “Call us adivasis, please” (ADIVASI Special issue, The Hindu, 16 July 2000)
https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=26645

Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

Posted in Anthropology, Archaeology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Childhood and children, Community facilities, Crafts and visual arts, Cultural heritage, Democracy, Eco tourism, Ecology and environment, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Endangered language, Figures, census and other statistics, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, Health and nutrition, History, Languages and linguistic heritage, Literature and bibliographies, Multi-lingual education, Museum collections - India, Music and dance, Narmada, Organizations, Particularly vulnerable tribal group, Resources, Revival of traditions, Seasons and festivals, Tips, Tourism, Women, Worship and rituals | Tagged , | Comments Off on Learn more about tribal communities in Madhya Pradesh

In search of a development that preserves the best parts of Adivasi culture and collectivity: Imagining an alternative “Discovery Of India”

Call us adivasis, please If Adivasis were to start writing their own Discovery Of India, it would be something like this: There are those who talk of India’s “5000 year-old culture,” there are those who talk of its “timeless traditions.” … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Colonial policies, Commentary, Customs, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Ecology and environment, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Names and communities, Nature and wildlife, Northern region – Northern Zonal Council, Press snippets, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling, Success story, Western region –  Western Zonal Council | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on In search of a development that preserves the best parts of Adivasi culture and collectivity: Imagining an alternative “Discovery Of India”

Time for an apology to the world’s Indigenous peoples: Residential schools, exploitation of natural resources and ill treatment in the name of “progress”

Excerpt from lithub.comMarina Endicott on the Forced Schooling of Indigenous Canadian | Read the full article >> In Canada we have been struggling for many years to uncover and acknowledge the history of residential schools. In the original treaties between … Continue reading

Posted in Accountability, Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Childhood and children, Colonial policies, Commentary, Customs, Democracy, Ecology and environment, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Forest Rights Act (FRA), Government of India, History, Misconceptions, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Tribal culture worldwide | Comments Off on Time for an apology to the world’s Indigenous peoples: Residential schools, exploitation of natural resources and ill treatment in the name of “progress”

eBook | Constitutional obligations towards communities “suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness” and “untouchability” – Government of India

Welcome to NCST – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes The framers of the Constitution took note of the fact that certain communities in the country were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability … Continue reading

Posted in Constitution and Supreme Court, Customs, De- and re-tribalisation, eBook & eJournal, Economy and development, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Government of India, Modernity, Resources, Rural poverty, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Women | Comments Off on eBook | Constitutional obligations towards communities “suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness” and “untouchability” – Government of India

“We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand

Read the full obituary by Mahtab Alam in TheWire (10 April 2020) >> A champion for Adivasi rights, Xaxa played an active part in anti-displacement movements in central India. […] Xaxa passed away because of a heart attack. A native … Continue reading

Posted in Adivasi / Adibasi, Adverse inclusion, Anthropology, Central region – Central Zonal Council, Colonial policies, Commentary, Democracy, Eastern region – Eastern Zonal Council, Education and literacy, Ekalavya (Eklavya, Eklabya), EMR & Factory schools, Film, Forest Rights Act (FRA), History, Misconceptions, Modernity, Networking, Organizations, Photos and slideshows, Press snippets, Quotes, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Storytelling | Comments Off on “We have to write our own stories, about our issues, from our own perspectives”: Remembering Abhay Xaxa, a Fiercely Unapologetic Adivasi Scholar-Activist – Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand